1.0 The Body > 1.3 Mouth and Throat > 1.3.5 Throat/Pharynx

#493 PTB *kak THROAT

In line with the frequently noted tendency of words meaning NECK / THROAT to have velar initials, we have reconstructed no fewer than eleven etyma with initial velars or velar clusters: #389 PTB *s/r‑gwa‑n NECK / NAPE, #481 PTB *s/m‑key‑k NECK, #486 PTB *l‑kwak THROAT / NECK, #488 PTB *k‑(r/l)aw THROAT / PALATE, #489 PTB *k/s‑raw(k/ŋ)*k‑rwa(k/ŋ) THROAT, #491 PTB *grey‑k THROAT, #493 PTB *kak THROAT, #494 PTB *ka THROAT / NECK, #495 PTB *kwa THROAT / NECK, #3361 PTB *gwaŋ NECK / THROAT, and #5651 PTB *ku NECK / THROAT.

It is highly likely that some of these etyma are allofams of each other. It is equally likely that a given supporting form may have been assigned to the wrong etymon. However, on the basis of the available data, this may be the best that can be done at this point.

1187793361,493189kong-gâknapePadam-Mishing [Abor-Miri]741.1.1.2Eastern Tani1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
337649493,m1788kakʻ◦tsnecknKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Bailey 11BAI19110
117775493,m732kakʻ◦tsneckKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
127945486,493452guk◦kakgoiterChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ4.1.10
234079479,493653laíŋ kàʔneck (nape of)Hpun (Northern)446.1.1Burmish1Henderson 86 HpunEJAH-Hpun0
284422493,486,34121703k'aˉ◦k'eu:◦leuˆlarynxLahu (Nyi)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 79 LahuDB-Lahu1040
284465493,486,34121704k'uiˉ◦kui:◦lui:larynxLahu (Shehleh)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 79 LahuDB-Lahu1040
352327493,486,34121841qɑ³⁵qɤ³³lɤ³³Adam's applenLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0142.430
118746493,486,3412832qá-qə-ləAdam's apple / larynx / glottisLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
282994493,486,3412831qá-qə̂ʔ-lə̂ʔlarnyx / Adam's appleLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 88 DLJAM-DL 1
284511493,486,3412846chi:◦hk'awˉ◦law:larynxLahu (Bakeo)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 79 LahuDB-Lahu1040
284566493,486,3412847kanˉ◦ke:◦le:larynxLahu (Banlan)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 79 LahuDB-Lahu1040

^ 1.
The immediate ancestor of Lahu qá‑ would be PLB *ʔgak.