Allofams:
1.0 The Body > 1.3 Mouth and Throat > 1.3.3 Tongue

#621 PTB *m/s-lay ⪤ *s-ley TONGUE

Reconstructed mesoroots below:

Mikir and Khoirao have a dental stop instead of the lateral. Kham shows preemption by the *s‑ prefix.

rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
30378621,621,623177-lay ⪤ -ley ⪤ -lyatongue*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
79273621185-leytongue*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0French 83WTF-PNN5690
78937621185g-|laylickv.*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0French 83WTF-PNN5110
7441621175m-|laytongue*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1090
72230621,621182m-|lay ⪤ s-|laytongue*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
144152621,621176m-|lay~s-|laytongue*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK71860
515338621,6212012m/s|-|lay ⪤ s-|leytongue*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB5990
7442621175s-|laytongue*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1090
60797621181s-|laytongue*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
22765m,6211053ʒeʔ◦ghitongueMiji31NE Indian Areal Group0Simon 79 MijiIMS-Miji0
1505706211430rye³³tongueSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 93 SulQSHK-Sulung0
1925056211431rye³³tongueSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.520
22465p,6211078a◦rihtongueMiri, Hill731.1.1.1Western Tani1Simon 76 MiriIMS-HMLG0
1540612136,621498mɯ-jiflameDamu741.1.1.2Eastern Tani1Sun J 93 TaniJS-Tani0
530m,6211070ci-daltongueMilang741.1.1.2Eastern Tani1Tayeng 76 MilAT-MPB0
3202136,6211070mi-leflameMilang741.1.1.2Eastern Tani1Tayeng 76 MilAT-MPB0
32226211054blâitongueKaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1710
39868621590blɑi⁵³tongueKaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Sun H 80 MLDSLZO-MLD0
3521546211819blɑi⁵³tonguenbpKaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.230
192503621592blɑi⁵³tongueKaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.480
129044p,621,m661e⁵⁵li⁵⁵na⁵⁵tongueIdu61.1.2Deng1Sun H 91 IduQSHK-Idu3.80
192504p,621,m662e⁵⁵li⁵⁵nɑ⁵⁵tongueIdu61.1.2Deng1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.500
35767p,621,m659i◦li◦natongueIdu61.1.2Deng1Pulu 78JP-Idu0
48438p,621,m660i◦li◦natongueIdu61.1.2Deng1Anonymous 62 IduNEFA-PBI0
352156p,621,m1821e⁵⁵li⁵⁵nɑ⁵⁵tonguenbpYidu61.1.2Deng1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.250
5010896211920layTONGUE*Chin81.2Kuki-Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
70857621815mleitongue*Kuki81.2Kuki-Chin1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
119709621246palitongueAnal81.2Kuki-Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
1620556211535lɑi¹tongueThanphum81.2Kuki-Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
3425966211802leitongueKuki-Chin681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Haokip 98Qbp-KC3.80
4468096211927tongueSizang681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
2933386211509léitongueThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Thirumalai 72THI1972550
4468086211926léytongueThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
3278536211794-leitonguenTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Henderson 65 TidCEJAH-TC0
1196946211593-leitongueTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
294246211594leitongueTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
4468076211925lei²tongueTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
3143626211778lei²tongueTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB9130
1614336211591lei¹tongueTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
1619406211592lei¹tongueTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
446811p,621,m1948a◦mlé-bawtongueAsho691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
162060621292mleɪ¹tongueAsho (Sandoway)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
4492806211957m̩leⁱtongueChinbon691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL790
4468106211928m-|leitongueCho (Mindat)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
4482306211953m̩leⁱtongueDaai691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL790
162059p,621296ă◦mlɛ²tongueAwa Khumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
4468126211929plaáytongueKhumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
4498406211959pᵊlaⁱtongueKhumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL790
162058621221pə̆lɑɛ⁴tongueKhumi (Ahraing)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
4495626211958n̩laⁱtongueMatu691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL790
1620546211035lɑi⁴tongueMatupi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
4490426211956leⁱtongueMkaang691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL790
4487776211955m̩leⁱtongueNgmüün691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL790
4485176211954m̩leⁱtongueNyhmoye691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL790
4501216211960məlɛtongueWakung691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL790
1620576211633mˉleɪ⁴tongueWomatu691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
161942621792lei³tongueKhualsim701.2.2Central Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
4468046211947lâytongueLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
4468056211923lǎytongueLai (Falam)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
161434621453lei⁵tongueLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
161943621620lei⁵tongueLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
2723621975léitongueLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1090
171496621976leitongueLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
119693621978leitongueLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
29415621979leitongueLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
4468066211924léitonguenLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
3143616211779leitongueLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB9130
59839621983leitongueLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
70856621984leitongueLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
161941621977lei¹tongueLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
162053p,621862məˊpə̆le⁴tongueLailenpi711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
162052p,621862məˊ◦pə̆leɪtongueLailenpi711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
4468036211921pā-|lèitongueLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC10580
119692621871paleitongue / flameLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
162051621966pə̆ˋ|li¹tongueLothvo (Hiranpi)711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
1619446211052pə̆lɪ⁶tongueMera711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
1620566211508lɑi¹tongueTha'oa711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
1619396211638lei³tongueXongsai711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.190
131526621805məleitongueKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ3.80
1502666211112brí ~ bʌrítongueMoyon721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Kosha 90DK-Moyon3.80
5241516212030məléetongueSorbung721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Mortensen 11 SorbungMK-SorbungBodyParts.0940
1714776211019malaitongueMaring111.3“Naga” Areal Group0Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
6192176212229m-|lej(ʔ)TONGUE*Central Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNIII.0580
619124p,6212228t-m-|liTONGUE*Ao631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNII.3510
171467p,621270te◦melitongueAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
304307p,621279te◦melitongueAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Benedict 72 STCSTC118n3270
620054p,6212226tə²-mə²|li²tonguen.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNII.3510
620055p,621,p,m2245tə²-mə²|li² ta³tsək³muteadj.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 SuppCNDWB-CNSD0
2279p,621275²tɯ²mɯ²li|tongueAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT210
171468p,621273tü◦militongueAo (Mongsen: Longchang)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
171832p,621,p,7795273tu◦mili-te◦chakdumbAo (Mongsen: Longchang)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
451395p,6211963[tə]-məlitonguen.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
451008p,621,p,77951963[tə]-məli tə-tʃakmute ('tongue' + NZP + 'break')Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
6204396212231n̩¹-|liʔ¹tonguen.Lotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNIII.0580
19486621963nlitongueLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL7840
132650621965NLitongueLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Nienu 90 LotQVN-LothQ3.80
304306621,6211745nli / nnitongueLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Benedict 72 STCSTC118n3270
171475621963nnitongueLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
316591621961n̯ītongueLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Acharya 75ACH19750
6182106212205mületongueSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Kumar 73 SangBBK-Sangtam0
171846621,77951364müle◦jadumbSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1714846211364mülitongueSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
171490p,6211640tü◦militongueYacham-Tengsa631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1714916211672mulotongueYimchungrü631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
171465621252melütongueAngami (Khonoma)651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
167224p,621256(u) me⁵⁵tongueAngami (Kohima)651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Nienu 90 AngQVN-AngQ3.80
171466p,621254u◦meütongueAngami (Kohima)651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
167420p,621487(u) mhü³¹yi³³tongueChokri651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Nienu 90 ChoQVN-ChkQ3.80
171470p,621486u◦meyitongueChokri651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
6609621421²me|³yitongueChokri651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8220
171471621750melitongueKhezha651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
232587621796mežitongueKhezha651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Yabu 94 KhöSY-KhozhaQ3.80
1714766211017malitongueMao651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
171478p,6211050a◦mezitongueMeluri651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
171481p,6211196a◦melitongueNtenyi651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
171483p,6211335n◦nyitongueRengma651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
342908p,632,6211803a◦hu-miligumsSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Achumi 98Qbp-Sumi3.7.30
343247p,2136,6211857a◦mi-miliflameSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Achumi 98Qno-Sumi4.110
171485p,6211382a◦militongueSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
342922p,6211803a◦militongueSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Achumi 98Qbp-Sumi3.80
259552621,60041382mile◦sürainbowSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
343225621,60041857mili◦sürainbowSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Achumi 98Qno-Sumi2.50
304308p,6211384ə◦militongueSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Benedict 72 STCSTC118n3270
171472621790ditongueKhoirao641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
171474621906chalitongueLiangmei641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1714806211347baleitongueRongmei / Nruanghmei641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1714921002,6211694mi◦leitongueZeme641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
22781002,6211695³mi¹n¹leu|tongueZeme641.3.3Zeme Group1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT210
5288536212031lejtongue*Tangkhulic661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk4100
525278m,m,6212023ʔa-mə-lutongueHuishu661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkBodyParts.0710
524853m,6212022mə-litongueKachai661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkBodyParts.0790
171486p,6211471ma◦letongueTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
119695p,6211472ma◦letongueTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
3068336211470tongueTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Bhat 69 TNVBhat-TNV990
620635m,m,6212024ʔi-mə-litongueTusom661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkBodyParts.0880
526899m,6212025mə-lejtongueUkhrul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
1714976211041leitongueMeithei131.4Meithei1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1196966211042leitongueMeithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
104786211040ləytongueMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei3.80
1714986211062detongueMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1196976211064detongueMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
294166211065detongueMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
469906211063tongueMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Grüssner 79 BPKHG-MikirQ1040
598406211067detongueMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
708586211068detongueMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
1196986211123dá̀itongueMru151.6Mru1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
5333216212064( )-laitongue*Bodo-Garo161.7.1Bodo-Garo1Burling 59 PBoRB-PB4440
322919621350saláytongueBodo801.7.1.1Bodo1Bhat 68 BoroBhat-Boro0
119708621710saleitongueBodo801.7.1.1Bodo1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
171494621531salaitongueDimasa801.7.1.1Bodo1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
29414621532salaitongueDimasa801.7.1.1Bodo1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
59838621533salaitongueDimasa801.7.1.1Bodo1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
70854621534salaitongueDimasa801.7.1.1Bodo1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
708552152,621534wai-slaiflameDimasa801.7.1.1Bodo1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
55874621803šlaytongueKokborok801.7.1.1Bodo1Tripuri 88PT-Kok0
47737621,621,m,629,m880plai plai che◦la◦naʔlickLalung [Tiwa]801.7.1.1Bodo1Balawan 65MB-Lal0
47744621880shilitongueLalung [Tiwa]801.7.1.1Bodo1Balawan 65MB-Lal640
2276621568sretongueGaro811.7.1.2Garo1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT210
119690621571sretongueGaro811.7.1.2Garo1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
29413621572sretongueGaro811.7.1.2Garo1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
59837621578sretongueGaro811.7.1.2Garo1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
70852621579sretongueGaro811.7.1.2Garo1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
708532152,621579wal-sreflameGaro811.7.1.2Garo1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
145052621581si-|ritongueGaro (Bangladesh)811.7.1.2Garo1Burling 92 GaBaRB-GB0
29419621160C-|leytongue*Northern Naga121.7.2Northern Naga/Konyakian1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
78936621161C̥-|glaylickv.*Northern Naga121.7.2Northern Naga/Konyakian1French 83WTF-PNN5110
79272621161C̥-|leytongue*Northern Naga121.7.2Northern Naga/Konyakian1French 83WTF-PNN5690
1714796211188thalitongueNocte841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
783906211192tʰa|litongueNocte841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1French 83WTF-PNN5690
27246211187¹thʌ¹li|tongueNocte841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1090
22776211488³litongueTangsa841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT210
78389623,6211107la-litongueTangsa (Moshang)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1French 83WTF-PNN5690
1714876211489lalitongueTangsa (Moshang)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1714886211490litongueTangsa (Yogli)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
294206211674litongueTangsa (Yogli)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
783886211675litongueTangsa (Yogli)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1French 83WTF-PNN5690
78394621,m435li šaŋtongueChang851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1French 83WTF-PNN5690
2725621,m428lìˇ-šʌ̀ŋtongueChang851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1090
171469621,m429li◦shangtongueChang851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
171473621807yitongueKonyak851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
29422621808yitongueKonyak851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
78392621809yitongueKonyak851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1French 83WTF-PNN5690
6706p,621810dʌ◦letongueKonyak (Tamlu)851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8770
6707621812yitongueKonyak (Wakching)851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8770
781406211283lailickPhom851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1French 83WTF-PNN5110
1714826211281yeitonguePhom851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
294236211282yeitonguePhom851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
783936211283yeitonguePhom851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1French 83WTF-PNN5690
4882056211978yʌy⁵⁵tonguePhom851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Burling 98 PhomBP-PPWL0
1714896211628letongueWancho851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
294216211630letongueWancho851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
783916211632letongueWancho851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1French 83WTF-PNN5690
1197016211629telaitongueWancho851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
119665621671laitongueJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
29411621672làitongueJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
59836621684laitongueJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
70851621685laitongueJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
119705p,621671shing◦litongue (poet.)Jingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
29412p,621672śiŋ◦litongueJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
303696p,621,p,628686śiŋ◦li/śiŋ◦lautongueJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Benedict 72 STCSTC64n2020
164241621566ʃĭli²tongueGanan401.7.3.2Asakian1Luce 85GHL-PPBL.1350
164242621720săli² [sʻɑ̀diˋ]tongueKadu (Kantu)401.7.3.2Asakian1Luce 85GHL-PPBL.1350
119707621717sʻədìtongueKadu401.7.3.2Asakian1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
451539p,6211964a◦səlíʔtongueSak401.7.3.2Asakian1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak120
161435p,6211354ă◦sʻăle²tongueSak (Bawtala)401.7.3.2Asakian1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
164240p,6211355ă◦sʻăleʔtongueSak (Dodem)401.7.3.2Asakian1Luce 85GHL-PPBL.1350
164239p,6211354ă◦sʻăleʔ²tongueSak (Bawtala)401.7.3.2Asakian1Luce 85GHL-PPBL.1350
478513m,6211976ce◦letongueBaram202.1.1Western Himalayish0Kansakar 10 BaramTRK-Baram100
128205621378tongueBunan202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, S.R. 91 BuSBN-BunQ3.80
3379736211788tonguenKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Bailey 11BAI19110
119676621732tongueKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
59831621735letongueKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
70845621736letongueKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
18131621731leːtongueKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, D.D. 88 KnDS-Kan13,19,280
1312816211005lhetonguePattani [Manchati]202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, S.R. 91 MaSTP-ManQ3.80
189916211262lʰetonguePattani [Manchati]202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, D.D. 82 THDS-Patt0
6615621375ʔlitongueBumthang222.1.2Bodic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8220
144148621723laitongueKaike222.1.2Bodic1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK71860
119678621724laitongueKaike222.1.2Bodic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
66176211083letongueMonpa222.1.2Bodic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8220
1690096211095letongueTsangla (Central)222.1.2Bodic1Andvik 93EA-Tsh100
620126211098letongueTsangla (Central)222.1.2Bodic1Egli-RodunerSER-HSLT32 120
421896211086letongueTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 80 MLDSLZO-MLD0
1924586211088letongueTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.70
392626211085le¹³tongueTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
394276211089letongueTsangla (Tilang)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
395366211093le⁵⁵tongueTshona (Wenlang)222.1.2Bodic1Lu 86 CuoMJZ-CNMenba0
420186211090le⁵³tongueTshona (Mama)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 80 MLDSLZO-MLD0
1924826211092le⁵³tongueTshona (Mama)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.60
3521386211851letonguenbpMotuo Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.070
66166211498letongueTashigang222.1.2Bodic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8220
3521376211850le⁵³tonguenbpCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.060
6612m,621336tšē◦letongueBhote242.1.2.1Tibetan1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8220
6614621550tšetongueDzongkha242.1.2.1Tibetan1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8220
3521366211848rtɕitonguenbpTibetan (Alike)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.050
1924816211550htɕetongueTibetan (Amdo:Bla-brang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.40
1924576211585rtɕitongueTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.50
12932621329tɕɛ⁵⁵|lə⁵⁵tongueTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Dai 89 BataDQ-Batang3.80
6611621,s1551tšē◦motongueTibetan (Central)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8220
119679621702cye|lāqtongueTibetan (Jirel)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
1924566211380tɕe⁵³tongueTibetan (Khams:Dege)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.30
1924806211557tɕe⁵³tongueTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.20
1269796211426cetongueSpiti242.1.2.1Tibetan1Bodh 91CB-SpitiQ3.80
691686211427cetongueTibetan (Spiti)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sharma, S.R. 79 SpSRS-PSS0
66106211562lcetongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8220
1714996211564lcetongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1647236211565lcetongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Luce 85GHL-PPBW.110
1196696211568lc̀etongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
119884621,m1568lc̀e-c̀ʻuŋuvula ("tongue-small")Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
119711621,m1568lc̀e-kʻyigsfrenum of tongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
174680621,m1567lc̀e-rtsatongue rootTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TEDp. 1500
174681621,20141567lc̀e-rtsetongue tipnTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TEDp. 1500
294096211569ltśetongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
598306211577ltśetongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
3033156211578ltśetongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Benedict 72 STCSTC33n1040
804576211581ltʃetongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Zhang Liansheng 88ZLS-Tib250
3521326211804ltɕetonguenbpTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.010
1924556211582ltɕetongueTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.10
708442136,6211578me-ltśeflameTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
3521356211837htɕetonguenbpTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.040
119681p,621894a-litongueLepcha212.1.3Lepcha1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
59832p,621899a◦litongueLepcha212.1.3Lepcha1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
70846p,621900ă◦litongueLepcha212.1.3Lepcha1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
170233621,623900lin-śettongueLepcha212.1.3Lepcha1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
48313621171ᴮʰle(ː)tongue*TGTM232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 78 TamMM-K78350
127601p,621436khe◦letongueChantyal232.1.4Tamangish1Noonan 92NPB-ChanQ3.80
119672621602leqtongueGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
64606621604leqtongueGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Glover 72 GuVoSIL-Gur1.440
48038621603²letongueGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 78 TamMM-K78350
179415621600²letongueGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9030
79765621999lᴇ¹tongueManang (Gyaru)232.1.4Tamangish1Nagano 84 ManYN-Man0120
1794166211003²lietongueManang (Prakaa)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9030
20615621,m1002¹liʔ◦etongueManang (Prakaa)232.1.4Tamangish1Hoshi 84HM-Prak00110
66086211468'letongueTamang (Bagmati)232.1.4Tamangish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8220
480326211454²leːtongueTamang (Risiangku)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 78 TamMM-K78350
1263346211455²leːtonguenTamang (Risiangku)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 91 TamQMM-TamRisQ3.80
1794196211456²leːtongue (organ)Tamang (Risiangku)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9040
1196746211459'letongueTamang (Sahu)232.1.4Tamangish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
1229546211464'letongueTamang (Sahu)232.1.4Tamangish1Taylor 72 TmVoSIL-Sahu1.440
480336211461²letongueTamang (Sahu)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 78 TamMM-K78350
1794116211462²letongueTamang (Sahu)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9030
1794126211467letongueTamang (Taglung)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9030
1794206211467letongueTamang (Taglung)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9040
480346211466²letongueTamang (Taglung)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 78 TamMM-K78350
480366211523²letongueThakali (Marpha)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 78 TamMM-K78350
1794146211524⁵⁴⁵letongueThakali (Marpha)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9030
1794226211524⁵⁴⁵letongueThakali (Marpha)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9040
480376211525ᴴhl(j)etongueThakali (Syang)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 78 TamMM-K78350
1196756211527letongueThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
686586211531letongueThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Hari 71a ThVoSIL-Thak1.440
480356211529ᴴletongueThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 78 TamMM-K78350
179413621,621,6211530ᴴletongueThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9030
1794216211530ᴴletongueThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9040
1441466211168metongueNewar272.2Newar1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK71860
88306211176metongueNewar (Dolakhali)272.2Newar1Genetti 90 DolaCG-Dolak0
90596211177metongueNewar (Kathmandu)272.2Newar1Genetti 90 KathCG-Kath0
1196866211169metongueNewar272.2Newar1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
1441476211168mec-tongueNewar272.2Newar1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7186 1
1196876211169mec-tongueNewar272.2Newar1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety 2
621696211174myetongueNewar272.2Newar1Shakya 89SH-KNw3.80
168839621,623912-l'◦soːttongueLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK71860
59834621,623917le-sottongueLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
70848621,623918le-sottongueLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
119673621,623,s913le◦sop◦pā̱tongueLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
75559621,623911lE◦sottongue, barb (of a hook)Limbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Michailovsky 89 LmBM-Lim0
2722621,623910lɛ◦soʔtongueLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1090
144143621,623912lɛ◦soːttongueLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK71860
2721621,623,s910lɛ◦ssoː◦patongueLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1090
59833621647litongueHayu302.3.4Western Kiranti1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
70847621648litongueHayu302.3.4Western Kiranti1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
1441356211435leːtongueSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK71860
1196856211437leːtongueSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
2275621442letongueChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT210
144144621443letongueChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK71860
119683621445letongueChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
4861166211977letonguen.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
64288621449letongueChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep1.440
484083621,m,m1977le phu.riʔulcers of tonguen.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
486121621,m,m1977le.phu.risores, ulcers, swelling of tongue - after eating remains of another's meal (esp. child)n.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
486122621,m,m,m1977le.phu.ri daŋ-have sores, etc. of tongueva.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
483854621,m,m1977le.ʔi prəyh-give tongue, speakvi.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
127915621452letongueChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ3.80
66908621766seːtongueKham282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Watters 89 KhQDNW-KhamQ1.440
119677621763seːtongueKham282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
2313826211496--tongueTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.130
4707536211970lhjwatongueTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Li 97 TangutLFW199731900
176796211491lhwatongueTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Dai 89 XixiDQ-Xixia3.80
1322476211493lhwa¹tongueTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Sofronov 97MVS-Grin0
2349666211495lʷɑtongueTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Nishida 64 TanNT-SGK1830
2346806211494lʷɑtongueTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Nishida 64 TanNT-SGK49-1020
128845621,m562htsɿ³³ psɿ⁵⁵tongueErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ErsQSHK-ErsCQ0
192488621,m561htsɿ³³psɿ⁵⁵tongueErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.180
3521476211811dʐə³⁵tonguenbpGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.160
352198621,m1811dʐə³⁵tsi³³uvulanGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0140.160
128991621594dʐɿ³⁵tongueGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 GuiQSHK-GuiqQ0
192462621595dʐɿ³⁵tongueGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.170
128997621,m594dʐɿ³⁵ nɛ⁵³uvulaGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 GuiQSHK-GuiqQ0
3521466211810rɐ²⁴tonguenbpMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.150
355820621,m,m1810rɐ²⁴ qə̱⁵⁵tø̱⁵³stutterernMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0210.150
352197621,m1810rɐ³³tɕue⁵³uvulanMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0140.150
129720621,m1135rɐ³⁵tɕe⁵³uvulaMuya [Minyak]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 MuyQSHK-MuyaQ3.7.40
1297326211135ʐɐ³⁵tongueMuya [Minyak]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 MuyQSHK-MuyaQ3.80
1924616211136ʐɐ³⁵tongueMuya [Minyak]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.150
129906m,6211146ji³³ɬɛ⁵⁵tongueNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 NamQSHK-NamuQ3.80
192463m,6211147ji³³ɬɛ⁵⁵tongueNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.190
352177m,6211844ji³³ɬæ⁵³tonguenbpNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.460
352228m,621,m1844ji³³ɬæ⁵⁵zɿ⁵⁵uvulanNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0140.460
3521416211805ɬə⁵⁵tonguenbpPumi (Jiulong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.100
352192621,m1805ɬə⁵⁵tsy⁵⁵uvulanPumi (Jiulong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0140.100
355814621,m,m1853ɬei⁵⁵pha⁵⁵mi¹³stutterernPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0210.090
352140621,m1853ɬie⁵⁵qho⁵⁵tonguenbpPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.090
352191621,m1853ɬɛ¹³bʐã¹³uvulanPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0140.090
42862621,m1304ɬie⁵⁵ qʰo⁵⁵tonguePumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Lu 83 PumiJZ-Pumi0
192460621,m1306ɬie⁵⁵qho⁵⁵tonguePumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.110
42864621,m1304ɬɛ⁵⁵ bʐã¹³uvulaPumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Lu 83 PumiJZ-Pumi0
430036211307ɬiɛ⁵³tonguePumi (Taoba)343.2Qiangic1Lu 83 PumiJZ-Pumi0
1924846211309ɬiɛ⁵³tonguePumi (Taoba)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.100
506658621,m1996zə̀ qə̀tongueQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1720
506659621,m,m1996zə̀ qə̀ tɕýuvulaQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1730
506661621,m,m1996zə̀ qə̀-tsáuvula [tongue-small]Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1730
43149621,m1317zə◦qtongueQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 81 QiaJZ-Qiang0
192483621,m1320zə◦qtongueQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.80
129191621,m1319zə◦qə̥tongueQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 MawQSHK-MawoQ3.80
352139621,m1852zə◦χtonguenbpQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.080
506657621,m1997zɨ̀ qétongueQiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1720
506660621,m,m1997zɨ̀ qé-tsúuvula [tongue-small]Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1730
43298621,m1321zɿ³¹ qə⁵⁵tongueQiang (Taoping)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 81 QiaJZ-Qiang0
192459621,m1323zɿ³¹qə⁵⁵tongueQiang (Taoping)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.90
17892621,m1325zə◦qtongueQiang (Yadu)343.2Qiangic1Dai 89 QianDQ-QiangN1720
3521446211808ɬli⁵⁵tonguenbpQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.130
3521486211812ʂɿ⁵³tonguenbpXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.170
1311036211408ʂɿ⁵⁵tongueXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ShiQSHK-ShixQ0
1924896211409ʂɿ⁵⁵tongueXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.200
13576621559fʑatongueErgong (Daofu)353.3rGyalrongic1Dai 89 DaofDQ-Daofu3.80
128434621560vdɛ⁵³tongueErgong (Northern)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ErNQSHK-ErgNQ3.80
3521436211807vɮɛtonguenbpDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.120
129574621558vʑɛtongueErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ErDQSHK-ErgDQ3.80
192486621557vʑɛtongueErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.140
70427621,6211205la ⪤ letongue / lickAnong384Nungic1Benedict 72 STCSTC2110
708496211205phəletongueAnong384Nungic1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
294106211200phəlɛtongueAnong384Nungic1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0560
598356211203phəlɛtongueAnong384Nungic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
5015466211982phəlɛ³¹tongueRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang1560
3521526211817phɯ³¹|lɛ³¹tonguenbpNung384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.210
192501621269phɯ³¹|lɛ³¹tongueAnong384Nungic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.440
62433621267pʰɯ³¹|lɛ³¹tongueAnong384Nungic1Sun J 88 AnoSHK-Anong0
708502136,6211205thəmi-səleflameAnong384Nungic1Benedict 72 STCSTC2810
1196916211603ple⁴²tongueTrung [Dulong]384Nungic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
3521516211816pɯ³¹|lɑi⁵³tonguenbpDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.200
192502621537pɯ³¹|lɑ̆i⁵³tongueTrung [Dulong]384Nungic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.460
59828621539pɯ³¹|lai⁵³tongueTrung [Dulong] (Dulonghe)384Nungic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
40035621538pɯ³¹|lɑ̆i⁵³tongueTrung [Dulong] (Dulonghe)384Nungic1Sun H 82 DulJZ-Dulong0
59829621541pɯ³¹|lai⁵³tongueTrung [Dulong] (Nujiang)384Nungic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1350
40235621540pɯ³¹|lɑ̆i⁵³tongueTrung [Dulong] (Nujiang)384Nungic1Sun H 82 DulJZ-Dulong0
127336621,6231612dzi²¹ la²¹tongueTujia415Tujia1Chen 86 TuMQCK-TujMQ3.80
43520621,6231617dzi²¹ la²¹tongueTujia (Southern)415Tujia1Tian 86JZ-Tujia0
43375621,6231616ji³⁵ la⁵⁵tongueTujia (Northern)415Tujia1Tian 86JZ-Tujia0
127188621,6231611ʑi³⁵ la⁵⁵tongueTujia415Tujia1Chen 86 TuBQCK-TujBQ3.80
13769621*584la³⁵uvulaGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 89 GazhDQ-Gazhuo3.7.40
43930621,m1669ha³³ ne³³tongueYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 85 YiJZJZ-Yi0
132090621,m1379ɬɒ³³tʂhi³³tongue rootSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Wu 84YHJC-Sani0
516521621,m1999ɕi˩ ʈʰæ˥stammerer, stuttererLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze17590
516335621,m1999ɕi˩mie˩tongueLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze12910
516336621,m1999ɕi˩ʐæ˥uvula, tendon of the tongueLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze12930
513050621,m1998hi˩mi˩tongueNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
513065621,m1998hi˩ʐæ˧˩tendon of the tongueNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
512667621,m1998ɕi˩ʈʰæ˧˥stammerer, stuttererNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
126657621,m1157ɕi³¹mi¹³tongueNaxi (Eastern)436.2Naxi1He 85JZ-Naxi0
192468621,m1676ɕi³¹mi¹³tongueNaxi (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.290
1295166211159ɕi⁵⁵tongueNaxi (Western)436.2Naxi1He 85JZ-Naxi0
3521766211843ɕi⁵⁵tonguenbpNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.450
192493621908ɕi⁵⁵tongueNaxi (Lijiang)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.280
6704621120bletongue*Karen507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8770
3045276211736bletongue*Karen507Karenic1Benedict 72 STCSTC139n3750
5295886212038bleᴬtongue*Karen507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
5294446212038hlajᴮlickv.*Karen507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK1640
5297216212039lɛŋ²lickv.*Karen [Burling]507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK1640
57035621123phlè'tongue*Karen (Pwo)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
5297926212039phle³tongue*Karen [Burling]507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
57923621122phrè'tongue*Karen507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
57033621126phrè'tongue*Karen (TP)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
57040621125pletongue*Karen (Sgaw)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
57038621124plè'tongue*Karen (Pwo-Sgaw)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
5311726212044-bli¹¹tongueBwe507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
166468621413-blɪ̀tonguenBwe507Karenic1Henderson 97 KarEJAH-BKD0
6699621414blɪ³tongueBwe (Western)507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8770
161385621415blɪ³tongueBwe (Western)507Karenic1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
6698621412blɪ̀tongueBwe507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8770
5310696212044lɪ³³lickv.Bwe507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK1640
161386621588bli²tongueGeba507Karenic1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
3521816211849ble³³tonguenbpKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0139.500
5309186212043pli¹¹tongueKayah507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
5304976212042lai¹¹lickv.Kayan507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK1640
5306236212042plai³³tongueKayan507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
4980336211981plè̤tongueNKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
5313486212045li¹¹lickv.Kayaw507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK1640
5314786212045pli³³tongueKayaw507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
5302216212041lai³³lickv.Pa-O (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK1640
310437m,6211235lɛ̄m phrēstick out tonguePa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO0
5300636212040phle³³tonguePa-O (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
67006211234phretonguePa-O507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8770
3107286211235phrētonguePa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO0
1196576211238phretonguePa-O507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
570346211242phretonguePa-O507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
3047046211759phretonguePa-O507Karenic1Benedict 72 STCSTC149n4090
307291621,m1235phrē thjáʔroot of tonguePa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO0
5303266212041ple⁵³tonguePa-O (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
1613876211233pʻre⁵tonguePa-O (Northern)507Karenic1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
1613846211254ble²tonguePaku507Karenic1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
1196606211256phlétonguePalaychi507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
570396211259plétonguePalaychi507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
3047116211749pletonguePalaychi507Karenic1Benedict 72 STCSTC149n4090
5323716212048pli⁵⁵tonguePwo (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
5325456212049lai⁵⁵lickv.Pwo (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK1640
5326676212049phli³¹¨tonguePwo (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
1613826211273pʻle²tonguePwo (Delta)507Karenic1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
1613816211280pʻle⁵tonguePwo (Tenasserim)507Karenic1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
67026211268phlétonguePwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8770
570376211272phlétonguePwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
1196596211269phlè́tonguePwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
67016211274phletonguePwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8770
1196586211275phletonguePwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
570366211279phletonguePwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
5316616212046le³¹˜lickv.Sgaw (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK1640
5319676212047li⁴⁵’lickv.Sgaw (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK1640
1613836211389ple³tongueSgaw507Karenic1Luce 85GHL-PPBF.90
5320876212047ple³³tongueSgaw (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
5317876212046ple³³tongueSgaw (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK3070
66976211388³pletongueSgaw507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8770
1196626211393pletongueSgaw (Bassein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
570426211394pletongueSgaw (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
14958621746ble³³tongueKaren (Sgaw/Hinthada)507Karenic1Dai 89 KarBDQ-KarenB1720
1196616211397pletongueSgaw (Moulmein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
570416211399pletongueSgaw (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1110
14733621747ple³³tongueKaren (Sgaw/Yue)507Karenic1Dai 89 KarADQ-KarenA1720
192472621311ʈeʴ⁴²tongueBai (Bijiang)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.370
38832621310ʈe̱ʴ⁴²tongueBai (Bijiang)518Bai1Xu 84 BaiJZ-Bai0
38967621313tse̱⁴²tongueBai (Dali)518Bai1Xu 84 BaiJZ-Bai0
192471621,m314tse⁴²phi³¹tongueBai (Dali)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC245.350
19233621,m312tɕɛ⁸ pʰi³tongueBai (Dali)518Bai1Dell 81FD-Baipp.150-1690
39101621316tse̱⁴²tongueBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Xu 84 BaiJZ-Bai0
80645621,m309tse̱⁴² pʰĩ³¹tongueBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Zhao 90ZYS-Bai3.80

^ 1.
Oblique form.
^ 2.
Preemption by *m‑: *m‑lay > me.