Cite as follows:

Baxter, William H. and Sagart, Laurent. 2011. Baxter-Sagart Old Chinese reconstruction. (Version 1.00, 20 Feb. 2011). Accessed via STEDT database <> on 2024-05-24.

The original source of this data is available here: xls | txt | pdf

An explanation of the OC root structure in the Baxter-Sagart 1.00 system can be found here.

From the source:

: character (traditional form)

pīnyīn: standard pronunciation in pīnyīn romanization

MC: ASCII-friendly Middle Chinese transcription

OC: Old Chinese reconstruction in the Baxter-Sagart system, in two forms: (1) a convenient, user-friendly form that omits information about uncertainties in the reconstruction, followed (where necessary) by (2) a reconstruction in curly brackets which indicates more explicitly which parts of the reconstruction are less secure. For some items there are remarks about possible dialect developments.

gloss: a simple gloss intended for identification only; for more accurate information about meaning, one of the large standard dictionaries should be consulted.

GSR: the letter and number of the item in Karlgren’s Grammata serica recensa; items which do not appear in GSR are usually assigned an appropriate number, without a letter.

Languages in this source:

ISO 639-3 Language Name Short Lg Name Group num. of records Phon. Inventory
och Chinese (Old) OC 9.0.1 - Old Chinese 4074
cmn Chinese (Mandarin) pinyin 9.0.3 - Modern Chinese 4074
n/a Chinese (Middle) MC 9.0.2 - Middle Chinese 4074
och Chinese (GSR #) GSR 9 - Sinitic 4074
n/a Chinese (Hanzi) Hanzi 9 - Sinitic 4074