Cite as follows:

Brassett, Philip and Brassett, Cecilia. 2004. Tujia Wordlist. Accessed via STEDT database <> on 2024-06-19.

The authors have made this wordlist available for download here.

Note: The wordlist is also available from this site.

The Tujia orthography (based on pinyin) is as follows:

Tujia [IPA]
b [p]
c [tsʰ]
d [t]
g [k]
h [x]; [f] before u
hh [ɣ]
j [tɕ]
k [kʰ]
l [l] or [n]
m [m]
n [ȵ]
ng [ŋ]
p [pʰ]
q [tɕʰ]
r [z]
s [s]
t [tʰ]
w [w]
x [ɕ]
y [j]
z [ts]

Tujia [IPA]
a [a]
ai [aⁱ]
an [ɛn]
ang [aŋ]
ao [aᵘ]
e [ɤ]
ei [eⁱ]
eng [ɜŋ]
i [ɨ] after c, g, h, hh, k, r, s, z; else [i]
ia [ⁱa]
ian [ⁱɛn]
iao [ⁱaᵘ]
ie [ⁱɛ]
ii [ɯ]
ing [iŋ]
iong [ⁱɔŋ]
iu [ⁱu]
o [ɔ]
ong [ɔŋ]
ou [oᵘ]
u [u]
ua [ᵘa]
uai [ᵘaⁱ]
uan [ᵘɛn]
ui [ᵘeⁱ]
un [un]
uo [ᵘɔ]

The tones are similar to those in putonghua and are numbered accordingly:
1 = high level
2 = high rising
3 = low falling
4 = high falling

Note that the Tujia orthography does not distinguish nasal vowel phonemes.

Languages in this source:

ISO 639-3 Language Name Short Lg Name Group num. of records Phon. Inventory
tji Tujia (Northern) Tujia 5 - Tujia 3121