1.0 The Body > 1.5 Limbs, Joints, and Body Measures > 1.5.5 Palm/Sole

#821 PTB *r-pak LEAF / LEAFLIKE PART / FLAT OBJECT

Reconstructed mesoroots below:
rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
8185821175pakleaf*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT6920
71988821182pakleaf*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Benedict 72 STCSTC400
19525821174pɑ̊palm (hand)*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Chou 72ACST39a0
5156248212012r-|pakleaf*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6060
5156898212012r-|pʷakpalm / sole*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6080
150242811,821,665b1112nà◦bʌ̀◦kòwrlear canalMoyon721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Kosha 90DK-Moyon3.6.40
150241811,821,665b1112na◦bʌ◦khùr ~ nàbʌ̀khùrinner earMoyon721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Kosha 90DK-Moyon3.6.30
619392p,821b2229a-phakMAT*Central Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNIII.2330
619391p,821a2229a-pjakFLATbe v.*Central Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNIII.2320
618778p,8212228(a.)pakBE FLAT / MAT*Ao631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNII.0050
619588p,8212226a³pak³flatbe v.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNII.0050
245239p,821270a◦pakmatAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
619908821,m2226pak³ti³matn.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNII.0050
245238821,m270pak◦timatAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
620009p,8212245ta²pak²pagen.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 SuppCNDWB-CNSD0
241354p,821270ta◦pakflatAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
618768p,8212225a-phàkmatn.Ao (Mongsen: Khensa)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNII.0050
245240p,821273a◦pakmatAo (Mongsen: Longchang)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
450427p,p,8211963(NZP-) a◦pakflatbe v.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
4512481269,8211963luŋ-pakslab ('stone' + 'be flat')n.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
4511002658,8211963səŋ-pakplank ('wood' + 'be flat')n.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
620301p,821a2231e¹-pjak²-flatbe v.Lotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNIII.2320
620353p,821b2231o¹-phək²matn.Lotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNIII.2330
241361p,821a,s963e◦pyak◦aflatLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
617119p,821a,s2220e◦pyak◦vuflatLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Murry 78LLC-ALV450
245246p,821b963o◦phakmatLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
617568p,821b2220o◦phükmatLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Murry 78LLC-ALV710
241364821a1364paflatSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
245252821b1364pamatSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
618240821b2205phamatSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Kumar 73 SangBBK-Sangtam0
618340m,821a2206amü◦peakflatYimchungrü631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Kumar 73 YimBBK-Yim440
618352p,821a2206a◦peaksheetYimchungrü631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Kumar 73 YimBBK-Yim450
618546821b2206pheakmatYimchungrü631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Kumar 73 YimBBK-Yim440
5569745,8211346bɑ̂n-pɔ̂palm (hand)Rongmei / Nruanghmei641.3.3Zeme Group1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT5920
47099338,821,m,m1063kèng-pàk a-.nglûrsoleMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Grüssner 79 BPKHG-MikirQ420
47100338,821,m,m1063kèng-pàk a-nùnginstepMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Grüssner 79 BPKHG-MikirQ420
47073770,8211063rí-pákhandMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Grüssner 79 BPKHG-MikirQ1940
47074770,8211063rí-pákpalmMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Grüssner 79 BPKHG-MikirQ1940
47076770,821,p,2031063rí-pák a-nùngback of handMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Grüssner 79 BPKHG-MikirQ1950
47075770,821,m,m1063rí-pák a-thákpalmMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Grüssner 79 BPKHG-MikirQ1940
78129375,8211107ya pʰafootTangsa (Moshang)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1French 83WTF-PNN5110
165680375,8211489ya◦phafootTangsa (Moshang)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
78020696,8211107yok pʰahandTangsa (Moshang)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1French 83WTF-PNN5000
165800696,8211489yok◦phahandTangsa (Moshang)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
250487821,m669hpa◦lapteaJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
69426821685phatea plantJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Benedict 72 STCSTC400
31380821676phàʔtea-plantJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 74 TJLBJAM-TJLB3830
334280821,m679phaʔ³¹lap³¹teaJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Liu 84JZ-Jingpo0
368277821,m1814phaʔ³¹lap³¹teanJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0454.190
7222p,821667¹gə¹phaʔarmJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT11390
451728m,8211964lə◦pháʔteaSak401.7.3.2Asakian1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak80-30
164210811,8211449nə◦pʻɑːearTaman401.7.3.2Asakian1Luce 85GHL-PPBK.580
62234695,8211174lɔ◦pāarmNewar272.2Newar1Shakya 89SH-KNw6.10
69420821799phakleaf*Kiranti292.3Kiranti1Benedict 72 STCSTC400
533492786,821882lă-phakleafLambichong292.3Kiranti1Benedict 72 STCSTC4860
303162786,821882lă◦phakteaLambichong292.3Kiranti1Benedict 72 STCSTC23n770
69422786,821882lă◦phakleafLambichong292.3Kiranti1Benedict 72 STCSTC400
69421m,8211625suŋ-phakleafWaling292.3Kiranti1Benedict 72 STCSTC400
694242658,821758siŋ-bakleafBalali312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Benedict 72 STCSTC400
168808811,821912-n◦'phakearLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7500
74851811,821911nE◦bhakearLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Michailovsky 89 LmBM-Lim0
115064811,821913ne◦phākearLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
6339811,821910nɛ◦bhakearLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7470
2716811,821910nɛ◦bhakʔearLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1080
143087811,821912nɛ◦phakearLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7500
75071821,m911phEk◦waleaf, cache-sexeLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Michailovsky 89 LmBM-Lim0
6335811,821952na◦bhekearLohorong312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7470
132317811,8211644na◦bakearYakha312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Kohn 90TK-Yakha3.60
132319811,8211644na◦bakouter earYakha312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Kohn 90TK-Yakha3.6.20
132321811,821,20831644na◦bak dzalieardrumYakha312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Kohn 90TK-Yakha3.6.50
132322811,821,m1644na◦bak ɔwiearwaxYakha312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Kohn 90TK-Yakha3.6.60
132318811,821,m,m1644na◦bak◦a lotiearlobeYakha312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Kohn 90TK-Yakha3.6.10
132320811,821,m,m1644na◦bak◦a ɔhɔŋinner earYakha312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Kohn 90TK-Yakha3.6.30
694238211643sum-phakleafYakha312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Benedict 72 STCSTC400
143075811,821135na◦brakear*Kul-Cham-Ban762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7500
6332811,821321na◦baearBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7470
6333811,821321na◦bakearBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7470
143085811,821323na◦bakearBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7500
79524811,821328na◦bakearBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 84 BnDcWW-Bant530
51127811,821327na◦balearBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 85 BnDsNKR-Bant0
143078811,8211435'no◦phaearSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7500
115076811,8211437'no◦phāearSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
6336811,8211434nɑ̀◦phaearSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7470
127994712,821452krut◦pakpalmChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ6.1.7.10
364279821,8211811pa⁵⁵pa⁵⁵leafnvegGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0376.160
3642388211805pɑ⁵⁵leafnvegPumi (Jiulong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0376.100
364237m,8211853sɐ¹³fpɑ⁵⁵leafnvegPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0376.090
191389m,8211306sɐ¹³spɑ⁵⁵leafPumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC224.110
1914138211309pa³⁵leafPumi (Taoba)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC224.100
364241821,m1808ba¹³la⁵⁵leafnvegQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0376.130
191415821,m557lba laleafErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC224.140
364240821,m1807lba ləleafnvegDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0376.120
3299722549,8211797ndʒwe-lvaʔbamboo leafCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
329456p,8211796ta rpakarmrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag6.10
501947821,m1982phɑʔ khɑ⁵³tea (plain tea)Rawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang5330
58983811,8211607na-baearTrung [Dulong]384Nungic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB470
287934m,821201lɑ³¹phɑ³¹teaAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
368285m,821,m1823lɛʔ⁴phɛʔ⁴je²²teanBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0454.270
437272786,821406la-bhakteaBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
69427786,821,786,821409lak-phak ⪤ lă◦bhakteaBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC400
250485786,821,m392lak◦phak◦raññteaBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
368284786,821,m1822lɑk⁴phɑk⁴rɑȵ²teanBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0454.260
134348821394phakleafBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PLxxx0
437259821406phakleafBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
69425821409phakleafBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC400
303161821,2085409phak / rwakteaBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC23n770
452692786,8211965lə◦phaʔteaMarma446.1.1Burmish1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak80-30
191404821,8211034phɔʔ⁵⁵; fɔʔ⁵⁵leafMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC224.430
11756p,821152C-pakᴸleaf*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo3050
134347p,821153C-pakᴸleaf*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PLxxx0
13820695,821584la⁵³ pha⁵⁵handGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 89 GazhDQ-Gazhuo6.1.70
17827695,821585la⁵³ pʰa⁵⁵handGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 87 GazhDLF-Gazhuo0
350535695,8211845la⁵³pha⁵⁵handnbpGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0107.470
142247695,821586la⁵³pʰa⁵⁵handGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 91 TB15DHFRL0
17807821585pʰa⁵⁵handGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 87 GazhDLF-Gazhuo0
9370695,821878lɪ̱²¹ pʰɪ̱³³handLalo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ6.1.70
296387695,821904le̱²¹pa⁵⁵armLipho466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ6.10
9722811,8211164lo⁵⁵ pa⁵⁵earNesu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ3.6 1
15918695,8211661lɛ̱³¹ pʰɛ³¹handYi (Lishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 87 GazhDLF-Gazhuo0
192874821,6951662phᴀ³³le̱²¹armYi (Mile)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC253.250
368295786,8211834lo²¹phe̱⁵⁵teanYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0454.370
43794695,8211665li̱²¹ pʰi̱²¹handYi (Nanjian)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 85 YiJZJZ-Yi0
192771695,8211666li̱²¹phi̱³³handYi (Nanjian)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC251.230
421576786,821,m1833(la²¹phɪ̱²¹) tɪ̱³³make (tea)v.Yi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1545.360
368294786,8211833lɑ²¹phɪ̱²¹teanYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0454.360
40950811,821699nɔ⁴⁴ pʰɑ⁵⁵earJinuo (Buyuan)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
301748811,821699nɔ⁴⁴phɑ⁵⁵earnJinuo (Buyuan)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
144721811,812,821841nā-pɔ-phàʔexternal earLahu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff PCPC0
307105450,821835á-phàʔear / leafLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 78 MLBMJAM-MLBM630
330915450,821839á-phàʔleafLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR290
10802695,821923lá⁶hpá²handLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo1110
41816695,821947lɛ³¹ pʰɛ³⁵handLisu (Nujiang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Xu 86 LisuJZ-Lisu0
192773695,821942lɛ³¹pʰɛ³⁵handLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC251.270
350528695,8211838lɛ̱³¹phɛ³⁵handnbpLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0107.400
33831695,821932lɛ⁵-phɛ²handLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1660
131947695,8211379le²¹(phe³³)handSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Wu 84YHJC-Sani0
17067695,8211365le̱²² pʰe⁴⁴handSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Ma 89 SanQMXL-SaniQ362.10.0
115054811,821,812229na˯ pa˰ (pyaw˯)ear (external)Akha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
1373935778,821244ɣɔ̀ pàqcabbageAkha (Yunnan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4700
1373925778,821243ɣɔ̀-pàqcabbageAkha (Thai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4700
1373955778,821633ɣo pàqcabbageHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4700
1373945778,821635hhoq◦bavqcabbageHani (Wordlist)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4700
236223811,8211114m²pha²earMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo0
133902811,8211115m²pha²earMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL2590
30708811,8211117m²pha²earMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 78 MLBMJAM-MLBM630
435055811,8211120m²pha²earMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Srinuan 76SD-MPD0
5227845778,821,53762020ɣu²²pʰɛ²¹ʨɛ̠⁴⁵cabbage greensAzha756.1.2.4Southeastern Loloish1Pelkey 11 PhulaJP-CPL1960
5215795778,821,53762019hə⁵⁵pʰɛ³³ʨɛ⁵⁵cabbage greensHlepho Phowa756.1.2.4Southeastern Loloish1Pelkey 11 PhulaJP-CPL1960
5215805778,5376,8212019hə⁵⁵ʨɛ²¹pʰɛ³³cabbage greensHlepho Phowa756.1.2.4Southeastern Loloish1Pelkey 11 PhulaJP-CPL1960
5191635778,8212017wɔ³³pʰɛ³¹cabbage greensPhuza756.1.2.4Southeastern Loloish1Pelkey 11 PhulaJP-CPL1960
350433695,8211843lɑ²¹phi²¹armnbpNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0105.450
192901695,821908lɑ³¹phi³¹armNaxi (Lijiang)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC253.280
129397695,8211159lɑ³¹pʰi³¹armNaxi (Western)436.2Naxi1He 85JZ-Naxi0
368308786,8211849la³¹pha⁵⁵teanKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0454.500
20178821480pɑ̊/pɑpalm (hand)Chinese (Old/Mid)539.0.1Old Chinese0Chou 72ACST39a0

^ 1.
We are assuming dialectal variation between initial l‑ and n‑ in Nesu, a phenomenon also characteristic of Southwest Mandarin and other languages in the area.