6.0 Verbs of Motion, of Manipulation, and of Production > 6.13 Convergence

#5689 PTB *tuk ⪤ *(t/d)wa(k/ŋ) MEET

Reconstructed mesoroots below:

VanBik (2009) reconstructs two separate roots for Chin: *ɗoŋ‑I, ɗon‑II for PKC (VanBik:96) and *toŋ‑I, ton‑II for PCC (VanBik:207), but entertains the possibility that they are co-allofams. The nasal prefix in Lotha Naga has not been found elsewhere.

The allofam with *‑u‑ vocalism is meant to accommodate the WT form inter alia.

rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
50012756891920ɗoŋ-I, ɗon-IIMEET / WELCOME / RECEIVE / COLLECT*Chin81.2Kuki-Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC960
44197856891926dóng-I, dòn-IIcollect (tax money or anything)Thado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC960
44197756891925dong² > don³collect offeringsTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC960
31360256891778dong² > don³collect offeringsvTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB2590
17034456891597doŋ²/don³collect offeringsTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 94 TCVPB-TCV0
31542656891778tuak¹ > tua?³confront; meet face to face; have one's plans fulfilledvTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB18160
44197956891948döˊgo to meetvAsho691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC960
442517m,56891929moey◦toeyngmeet, hold a meetingKhumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2070
50023856891983toŋ-I, ton-IIMEET / CONTACT*Central Chin701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2070
44197556891947dôŋ-I, dǒn-IImeet, welcomeLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC960
44251456891947tôŋ-I, tǒn-IImeet, come to see, contactLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2070
44251556891923tǒŋ-INVmeet, contactLai (Falam)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2070
44197656891924dáwng-I, dàwn-IIreceive or get (e.g. visitor, rising sun, etc)vLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC960
31623356891779tawkmeetvLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB29270
44251656891924táwng-I, tàwn-IImeet, to come acrossvLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2070
31631456891779tongarrive; come across; meetvLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB30470
44197456891921go to meet, to meetvLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC960
44251356891921tỳmeet, to come in contact withvLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2070
621777p,56892247n̩¹-tok²-meetv.Lotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 SuppCNDWB-CNSD0
2452755689963ntokmeetLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
6174745689,m2220ntok◦tameetLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Murry 78LLC-ALV720
43210056891848thukmeet / come acrossv.Tibetan (Alike)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1769.050
21604356891550thəkencounter / meetTibetan (Amdo:Bla-brang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC707.40
21601956891585thəkencounter / meetTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC707.50
43209856891826thuʔ⁵³meet / come acrossv.Tibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1769.030
21601856891380thuʔ⁵³encounter / meetTibetan (Khams:Dege)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC707.30
21604256891557thuʔ⁵³encounter / meetTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC707.20
43209756891815thu⁵²meet / come acrossv.Tibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1769.020
24529856891564thugmeetTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
43209656891804thugmeet / come acrossv.Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1769.010
21601756891582thugencounter / meetTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC707.10
43209956891837thəχmeet / come acrossv.Tibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1769.040
1773755689172ᴬdoː,ᴬdo reach, meet, arrive*TGTM232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis523 1
2645275689,s596toh◦bāmeetvGurung232.1.4Tamangish1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN10b1.480
664295689,s604toh◦bameetGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Glover 72 GuVoSIL-Gur10.B.1.480
1774135689600³to-meetGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis5290
800665689,s999do¹ bameetvManang (Gyaru)232.1.4Tamangish1Nagano 84 ManYN-Man1930
2106456891002²to-meetManang (Prakaa)232.1.4Tamangish1Hoshi 84HM-Prak04020
17741556891003³to-meetManang (Prakaa)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis5290
17738856891456³toːreach / attainTamang (Risiangku)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis5250
17740556891467³toː-bareachTamang (Taglung)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis5280
2645295689,m1520toh-lameetvThakali232.1.4Tamangish1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN10b1.480
679565689,m1531toh-lɔmeetThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Hari 71a ThVoSIL-Thak10.B.1.480
1774125689,m1530³tomeetThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis5290
331274p,56891797kɐ-tʰəɣʔmeetCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
548238m,m,56892119na◦ka◦'tʰək̚meet, crushvrGyalrong (Aba Rongan Menggucun)783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 2013 rGyDBYN-RGLD09680
538218m,5689,m2104nə◦'tʰək̚◦tɕəmeet, crushvrGyalrong (Aba Kehe Shuiricun)783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 2013 rGyDBYN-RGLD09680
575660m,m,56892182nə◦ka◦'tʰək̚meet, crushvrGyalrong (Maerkang Ribu)783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 2013 rGyDBYN-RGLD09680
572647m,5689,m,56892175ȵo◦'tʰək̚ / ka◦'tʰək̚meet, crushvrGyalrong (Maerkang Dazang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 2013 rGyDBYN-RGLD09680
573061m,m,5689,m2176ȵə◦ka◦'tək◦a̚meet, crushvrGyalrong (Maerkang Japhug Shaerzong (A))783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 2013 rGyDBYN-RGLD09680
109565689152C-|doŋ²meet*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo746B0
2160315689,m510thɔ³¹phu³¹encounter / meetHani (Dazhai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC707.310
4321345689,m1839thɔ³¹phu³¹meet / come acrossv.Hani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1769.410
2160565689,m418thɤ³³phɤ³¹encounter / meetHani (Caiyuan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC707.300
3004205689,m630thaŋ³¹phu³¹encounter / meetHani (Gelanghe)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Li Yongsui 86 HaniJZ-Hani0
2160575689,m1416thv̩³³fv̩³¹encounter / meetHani (Shuikui)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC707.320
4321355689,m1840thv̩³³fv̩³¹meet / come acrossv.Hani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1769.420
4354005689,m1120thoŋ²phu¹meet accidentallyMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Srinuan 76SD-MPD0
4591645689,m1968tho21 phu21meet withv.Sila486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Kato 08 LaoKT-LPDR2030

Chinese comparandum

注 OC *t̂i̯u ~ *ti̯u, GSR #129c ‘conduct water; apply, be touched, bring together’; Schuessler 2007:628 *troh ~ *toh; B & S 2011: *tro‑s {tro(ʔ)‑s}; Mand. zhù.
鬬/鬥 OC *tŭg, GSR #1234a-b ‘struggle, contend; come in contact with, meet’; Schuessler 2007:628 *tôh; B & S 2011: (*tˁo‑s); Mand. dòu.
屬 OC *d̂i̯uk, GSR #1224s ‘attach, connect; touch, apply; copulate’; Schuessler 2007:627 *tok; B & S 2011: *tok; Mand. zhǔ.
屬 OC *d̂i̯uk, GSR #1224s ‘be connected, attached; belong to; vulva, penis; copulate’; Schuessler 2007:627 *dok; B & S 2011: *N‑tok; Mand. shǔ.

Comment: 鬬/鬥 dòu is also a comparandum for #4097 PKC *ɗaw OPPOSE / FIGHT, q.v.


^ 1.
the Gurung form implies a short vowel, contra the Tamang forms