2.0 Animals and Animal Verbs > 2.2 Other Animals > 2.2.4 Birds (in general)

#3442 PTB *s-ŋak BIRD (provisional)

Reconstructed mesoroots below:

HPTB p. 317 cites a WT form sŋag glossed as ‘voice/sing’, but this form does not appear as such in Jäschke 1881, where a verb sŋak‑pa glossed ‘to sing praises’ is cited (p. 136).

rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
51559934422012s-|ŋakbird*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6060
2560013442906n-|gekcrow (bird)Liangmei641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
2560183442,m1694nggak◦puicrow (bird)Zeme641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
20609834421550hŋakvoiceTibetan (Amdo:Bla-brang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC512.40
365453442,m1584nag tepheasantTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 AmdoJS-Amdo7470
383303442,m1575nags.depheasantTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 TbGlJS-Tib7470
802213442,m999na¹ ga¹cockManang (Gyaru)232.1.4Tamangish1Nagano 84 ManYN-Man304-070
206683442,m1002¹nə◦kəfowl / hen / cockManang (Prakaa)232.1.4Tamangish1Hoshi 84HM-Prak00620
6707234421531ŋobird trapThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Hari 71a ThVoSIL-Thak8.A.30 300
502623442,m1545ŋark◦uwamigrant bird (crane -- bm)Thulung302.3.4Western Kiranti1Allen 75NJA-Thulung0
36028134421811na³¹chickennGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0293.160
3603313442,16351811na³¹phu⁵⁵cocknGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0294.160
3604343442,m1811na³¹tsi⁵⁵chicknGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0296.160
3603823442,m1811na³¹ŋi⁵⁵hennGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0295.160
3680603442,m1811na³¹ʃə⁵⁵eggnGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0450.160
1288993442,m594nɑ³³ ʃɿ⁵³eggGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 GuiQSHK-GuiqQ0
1886373442,m595nɑ³³ ʃɿ⁵³eggGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC170.170
1868523442595nɑ⁵³chickenGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC135.170
1869033442,1635595nɑ⁵³nphu⁵³roosterGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC136.170
1869543442,m595nɑ⁵³ŋi⁵³henGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC137.170
2885643442,m1616ne³⁵pi³⁵birdTujia (Northern)415Tujia1Tian 86JZ-Tujia0
4571833442,m1966ni2bi1birdn.Tujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 04 TujiaPCB-Tujia0
4571823442,m1966nie2bi1birdn.Tujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 04 TujiaPCB-Tujia0
4571843442,m,34451966nie2bi1tong4bird's nestn.Tujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 04 TujiaPCB-Tujia0
4535813442,m1967nie²bi¹birdTujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 06 TujiaBBL-TL1.30
4535833442,m,34451967nie²bi¹tong⁴bird's nestTujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 06 TujiaBBL-TL1.30
4535823442,m1967ni²bi¹birdTujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 06 TujiaBBL-TL1.30
3620133442,m1847ȵie³⁵pi⁵⁵birdnTujia415Tujia1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.490
1872453442,m1615ȵie³⁵pi⁵⁵birdTujia415Tujia1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.380
3620653442,m,34451847ȵie³⁵pi⁵⁵thoŋ⁵⁵nest (bird)nTujia415Tujia1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.490
1987713442,m,34451615ȵie³⁵pi⁵⁵thoŋ⁵⁵nestTujia415Tujia1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC368.380
309053442143s-|ŋ(y)akᴴbird*Lolo-Burmese426.1Lolo-Burmese1Matisoff 78 MLBMJAM-MLBM770
1679063442146s-|ŋakbird*Lolo-Burmese426.1Lolo-Burmese1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1410
2877333442201ŋ̥ɑʔ⁵⁵birdAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
36199234421824m̥ɔʔ⁵⁵birdnAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.280
1872213442200m̥ɔʔ⁵⁵birdAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.410
3620443442,16131824m̥ɔʔ⁵⁵sut⁵⁵nest (bird)nAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.280
2869083442207ŋaʔ⁵⁵birdAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
3629733442,22001825noʔ³¹joŋ⁵⁵peacocknAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0345.290
36199334421825ŋ̊ɔʔ⁵⁵birdnAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.290
174853442,1613209ŋ̊ɔʔ⁵⁵ sut⁵⁵bird's nestAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 XianDQ-Xiandao3800
3620453442,16131825ŋ̊ɔʔ⁵⁵sut⁵⁵nest (bird)nAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.290
36199634421829ŋa̱ʔ⁵⁵birdnBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.320
132343442,679370ŋa̱ʔ⁵⁵ sɔt⁵⁵bird's nestBola446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 BolaDQ-Bola3800
3620483442,6791829ŋa̱ʔ⁵⁵sɔt⁵⁵nest (bird)nBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.320
36199134421823ŋ̊ɛʔ⁴birdnBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.270
3620433442,6791823ŋ̊ɛʔ⁴tθɑiʔ⁴nest (bird)nBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.270
18724634421428ŋ̊ɛʔ⁴⁴birdBurmese (Spoken Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.400
2574035413,3442392cā◦ṅhaksparrowBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
29107416,3442390cèi-hŋeʔparrotBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1410
307613442399hŋakbirdBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 78 MLBMJAM-MLBM770
4372103442406hŋakbirdn.Burmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
1872203442411hŋɑkbirdBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.390
36199034421822hŋɑk⁴birdnBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.260
3620423442,6791822kŋɑk⁴tθok⁴nest (bird)nBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.260
2555703442392ṅhakbirdBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
4384483442406ŋôŋkind of birdBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
2340823442,m,p,679653ŋᴜ̀ʔ◦sà ă◦ʃánest (cp. Bird, Hive)Hpun (Northern)446.1.1Burmish1Henderson 86 HpunEJAH-Hpun0
2336213442,m,3442653ŋᴜ̀ʔ◦sà; ŋàbirdHpun (Northern)446.1.1Burmish1Henderson 86 HpunEJAH-Hpun0
36199534421828ŋɔ̱ʔ⁵⁵birdnLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.310
3620473442,6791828ŋɔ̱ʔ⁵⁵sat⁵⁵nest (bird)nLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.310
36199734421830ŋɔ̱ʔ⁵⁵birdnLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.330
3620493442,6791830ŋɔ̱ʔ⁵⁵sɔt⁵⁵nest (bird)nLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.330
45316034421965hŋaʔbirdMarma446.1.1Burmish1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak3010
4532383442,34451965hŋaʔ◦táŋnest (lit. bird-nest)Marma446.1.1Burmish1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak3180
18722234421034ŋo̱ʔ⁵⁵birdMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.430
36199434421827ŋo̱ʔ⁵⁵birdnAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.300
18724734421693ŋo̱ʔ⁵⁵birdAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.420
3627073442,26101827ŋŏ̱ʔ⁵⁵khjik⁵⁵pheasantnAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0340.300
1871963442,26101693ŋŏ̱ʔ⁵⁵khjik⁵⁵pheasantAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC141.420
3620463442,16131827ŋo̱ʔ⁵⁵sut⁵⁵nest (bird)nAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.300
1987733442,16131693ŋŏ̱ʔ⁵⁵sut⁵⁵nestAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC368.420
11154p,3442152s-ŋyakᴴbird*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo480
3620113442,m1845ŋa³⁵mɛ³³birdnGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.470
3620633442,m,m1845ŋa³⁵tshɿ³³tshɿ³³nest (bird)nGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.470
291992p,3442879á-niqbirdLalo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Björverud 94SB-Lalo0
336893442972ŋa 22s ~ ny 22s ~ na 11|birdLuquan466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1410
3369034421152ŋa 32s|birdNasu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1410
36199834421831ŋ̊a̱⁵³birdnNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.340
3620503442,m1831ŋ̊a̱⁵³sɯ̱⁵³nest (bird)nNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.340
33497934421219ŋ̊ɑ⁵⁵birdNusu (Northern)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun J 86 NusuJZ-Nusu0
187543p,34421658a³³ŋa³³sparrowYi (Dafang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC148.220
18723734421658ŋa³³birdYi (Dafang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.220
1987633442,16111658ŋa³³tɕhy³³nestYi (Dafang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC368.220
1871863442,m1658ŋa³³tɕi³³pheasantYi (Dafang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC141.220
463466m,m,34421962ʨhɿ³³mi²¹ŋo⁵⁵thrush (bird)Yi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
1872383442,m1664ŋᴀ̱³³; ȵɛ³³birdYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.240
1987643442,16111664ŋᴀ̱³³tɕhi³³nestYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC368.240
1871873442,m1664ŋᴀ̱³³ʂu⁵⁵pheasantYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC141.240
36200134421834ȵæ̱³³birdnYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.370
3620533442,16111834ȵæ̱³³tɕhi³³nest (bird)nYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.370
36200234421835ŋɑ̱²birdnYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.380
3620543442,m,m1835ŋɑ̱²tɕhi³³thv̩¹¹nest (bird)nYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.380
3625103442,54131835ŋɑ̱³³dʐu³³sparrownYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0336.380
3620083442,m1842ŋa⁴²zɔ⁴⁴birdnJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.440
3620603442,m,p,16111842ŋa⁴⁴zɔ⁴⁴a³³khɯ⁴⁴nest (bird)nJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.440
3017533442,m699ŋɑ³³jɔ³³birdnJinuo (Buyuan)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
3018573442,m699ŋɑ³³jɔ⁴⁴birdnJinuo (Buyuan)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
1872433442,m696ŋɑ³³zɔ³³birdJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.340
187549m,3442696ŋɑ³¹zɔ³³sparrowJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC148.340
3008213442,m700ŋ̊ɑ⁴²zɔ⁴⁴birdJinuo (Youle)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
3010273442,m,1611700ŋ̊ɑ⁴²zɔ⁴⁴khɤ⁴⁴nestJinuo (Youle)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
47660134421969ŋa33sparrowKucong476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 09 KucongDC-Kucong0
47659834421969ŋa33birdKucong476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 09 KucongDC-Kucong0
36200734421841ŋɑ⁵⁴birdnLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.430
3620593442,16111841ŋɑ⁵⁴phɯ³³nest (bird)nLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.430
315813442838perch, as a birdLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 74 TJLBJAM-TJLB3110
307593442835ŋâʔbirdLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 78 MLBMJAM-MLBM770
336823442839ŋâʔbirdLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1410
307603442835ŋɛ̂ʔbirdLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 78 MLBMJAM-MLBM770
1872173442851ŋᴀ⁵³birdLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.330
3020503442856ŋa⁶birdLahu (Yellow)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chang 86JZ-Lahu0
272602m,3442,m,m946bø³³ɲa³⁵ dʑæʔ²¹læʔ²¹kind of bird, Leiothrix lutea lutea red-billed leiothrix (red-billed, living in tropical bushes)NLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
272699m,m,3442,m946bɤ³³ji³³ ɲa³⁵tsæʔ²¹kind of bird, Leiothrix lutea lutea red-billed leiothrix (red-billed, living in tropical bushes)NLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
278462m,3442946na⁵⁵ɲa³⁵bird that eats long-grain riceLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788843597,3442946ni³³na⁵⁵sitVLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
336873442930nyá2birdLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1410
2848383442943nyá²birdLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
2858963442,1611943nyá²-hkrgh⁵nest (bird's)Lisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
2863553597,3442943nyi²-na¹sitLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
281969m,3442946tsɯ⁵⁵ɲa³⁵kind of bird, Sosterops japonica simplex (living in shrubs)NLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
273124m,3442946tʃhɿ³³næ³³kind of bird, Elaphodus cephalophus (living in shrubs or grass land on snow mountains 2200-3200m above sea-level)NLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2814471603,3442946wa²¹ɲa³⁵migratory birdNLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812293419,3442946ỹ³⁵na⁵⁵sitLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
274030m,3442,m946ɣa⁵⁵ɲa³⁵ma³³rufous-bellied nittava 'brown-bellied-celestrial-gentleman' niltava sundara (flycatcher bird living in shrubs on snow mountains)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788263442946ɲa³⁵birdNLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788283442,m,m946ɲa³⁵ba²¹ʃɿ³³yellow-face bird (living in shrubs)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788303442,m946ɲa³⁵dɔʔ²¹peacockLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788313442,m,363946ɲa³⁵dɔʔ²¹mɤ⁵⁵peacock featherLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2827113442,m944ɲa³⁵dʑøʔ²¹pheasantLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788373442,m946ɲa³⁵dʑɤʔ²¹pheasantLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788393442,m,m946ɲa³⁵khɔʔ²¹na³³blackbreasted parrotbill, ('yellow-beaked crow-tit' ) Paradoxornis flavirostris (bird living in shrubs on hillside)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788323442,m946ɲa³⁵kɔ³³crest of birdLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788343442,m946ɲa³⁵kɔ⁵⁵Chinese babax Babax lanceolatus (bird living in shrubs on hillside)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788353442,m,m946ɲa³⁵kɔ⁵⁵tsu³³babbler with grass lines Yuhinia flavicollis whiskered yuhinia (bird living in shrubs on hillside)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788413442,m,m946ɲa³⁵mɤ²¹ne³³kind of bird, red-beaked Corvus monedula dauuricus (living in shrubs)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788403442,m,m,m,m946ɲa³⁵mɤ⁵⁵ wa³³la³³ tɕhe³³fantail, Rhipidura vigors (flycatcher bird living in forests in ravines)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788443442,m946ɲa³⁵ne²¹grey-spotted pheasant (living in Biluo Snow Mountains and Gaoligong Mountains)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788453442,m,m946ɲa³⁵ne²¹tsɯ³⁵mythical bird (According to Lisu legends, in the time of the flood this was that only kind of bird that survived)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788483442,m,m946ɲa³⁵si²¹kind of bird, Ithaginis cruentusLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788293442,m,m946ɲa³⁵tʃhɿ²¹ɕɤ³³olive tree-pipit anthus hodgsoni (bird living in shrubs)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2747003442,3556,m,m946ɲa³⁵wa³³ thi²¹ ɣɔʔ²¹set of bird-knots (trap to catch birds)ALisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2810063442,3556,m,m,m946ɲa³⁵wa³³tsɤ³⁵ thi²¹ ɣɔʔ²¹trap used in catching birdsnLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788493442,m946ɲa³⁵za²¹little birdLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2788333442,m,m,m,m,m946ɲa³⁵◦kɔ³³ hæ̃³⁵◦kɔ³³ tɤ³³◦ŋɔSong of Wearing Bird CrestLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2827313597,3442944ɲi³³na⁵⁵sitVLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
1872143442942ȵɛ³⁵birdLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.270
3368534421368ŋe 44|birdSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1410
36200334421836ŋe³³birdnYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0326.390
3620553442,17331836ŋe³³bɤ³³nest (bird)nYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0327.390
14600334421365ŋæ³³sound, call (bird, cow, sheep, horse)vSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Ma 89 SanQMXL-SaniQ328.10
336863442632ŋa 55|birdHani (Kao Hua-Nien)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1410
1352163442,m1299ŋa jɔ̀birdHani (Pijo)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL1160
1987673442,m418ŋa³³xe⁵⁵nestHani (Caiyuan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC368.300
1872413442,m418ŋa̱³³jɔ³¹birdHani (Caiyuan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC142.300
1352153442,m784ŋa jɔ̀birdHani (Khatu)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL1160
307583442,m1117ɲaŋʔ⁴-lo²birdMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 78 MLBMJAM-MLBM770
4361023442,m1120ɲaŋʔ⁴lo²birdMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Srinuan 76SD-MPD0
1274713442,453,4761290hija ban põ³¹beak / billCôông [Phunoi]486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Ferlus 91MF-PhnQ3.9.30

Chinese comparandum

諤 OC *ngɑ̂k, GSR #788k ‘speak frankly’; B & S 2011: *ŋˁak; Mand. è.
語 OC *ngi̯o, GSR #58t-u ‘speak’; Schuessler 2007: 588 *ŋaʔ; B & S 2011: *ŋaʔ {ŋ(r)aʔ}; Mand. .
言 OC *ngi̯ɑ̆n, GSR #251a-d ‘speak, speech, talk’; Schuessler 2007:588 *ŋan; B & S 2011: *ŋan {ŋa[n]}; Mand. yán.