1.0 The Body > 1.5 Limbs, Joints, and Body Measures > 1.5.1 Hand, Arm, Wing

#712 PTB *k(r)u-t HAND / FIST / ARM

Reconstructed mesoroots below:

This widely distributed root appears in Kuki-Chin, North Assam, Himalayish, and perhaps Qiangic.

Several forms (Sulung geȶ³³, Kanauri khyuč, Sunwar guy, and Pattani guʐ) show palatalization of the final consonant.

A few other languages have forms with medial glides: Chepang krut, Kanauri khyuč, and Bunan khyutsi. Mru rut shows loss of the initial velar, so that the medial became the initial consonant. Several Himalayan languages have similar looking forms which are borrowings from Nepali pākhurā ‘arm’: Gurung pā:khruq, Thakali yā pākhura, and Sunwar pā:khrā:.

The second syllable of Magar mi‑huʈ ‘hand’ might also descend from this etymon, but cf. Nepali hāt.

Many other forms show loss of the final t in compound-initial position, e.g. Lakher (Mara) ku paro; Lushai (Mizo) ku‑tang; Meithei khudôn, etc.; Bunan khuṭub; and WT khu‑tshur.

The Mongsen Ao form tə‑khə́t or tükhet does not descend from this etymon, but rather from a totally distinct root #2301 PTB *kat ONE (cf. STC p.94 and JAM 1995:3.12). Daniel Bruhn, based on a suggestion from T. Temsunungsang, points out a similar semantic development in Chungli Ao: kà ‘one’, tə́‑kà ‘hand’ (cf. the next etymon). There is a fascinating parallel in Written Burmese: hnac ‘two’, khu' hnac ‘seven’, where the first syllable (under the creaky tone) seems likely to descend from this etymon, with the meaning ‘five’, pointing to a former quinary system of counting, as in modern Khmer. The semantic connection between the hand and the numeral five is also found in Austronesian (cf. Indonesian lima ‘five, hand’).

rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
515238712,7122012k(r)u-|t ⪤ g(r)u-|thand*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB5970
1505467121430geȶ³³handSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 93 SulQSHK-Sulung0
1928117121431geȶ³³handSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC251.520
150541712,m1430geȶ³³jik³³fistSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 93 SulQSHK-Sulung0
192862712,m1431geȶ³³jik³³fistSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC252.520
150533712,m,m1430geȶ³³kə³³ȵiŋ³³elbowSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 93 SulQSHK-Sulung0
192964712,m,m1431geȶ³³kə³³ȵiŋ³³elbowSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC254.520
217817121078kod'hand, earthMiri, Hill731.1.1.1Western Tani1Simon 76 MiriIMS-HMLG0
217827121078kod◦ɯhand, earthMiri, Hill731.1.1.1Western Tani1Simon 76 MiriIMS-HMLG0
5003187121920kut ⪤ khut|HAND*Chin81.2Kuki-Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
500312712,712,12821920kut- ⪤ khut-tumFIST*Chin81.2Kuki-Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2810
516179712248khuʔhandAnal81.2Kuki-Chin1Ono 65OT-KnsI0
516180712457kuthandChinbok81.2Kuki-Chin1Ono 65OT-KnsI0
5161817121182khuthandNgawn81.2Kuki-Chin1Ono 65OT-KnsI0
1624717121535kut⁵handThanphum81.2Kuki-Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
162322712,m1535kᴜt¹tə̆ki³elbowThanphum81.2Kuki-Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.100
1620907121535[kᴜt⁵]armThanphum81.2Kuki-Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.350
3426737121802khuthandKuki-Chin681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Haokip 98Qbp-KC6.1.70
342704712,m1802khut◦chalindex fingerKuki-Chin681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Haokip 98Qbp-KC7.1.10
342703712,m1802khut◦jungfingerKuki-Chin681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Haokip 98Qbp-KC7.10
342705712,5171802khut◦laimiddle fingerKuki-Chin681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Haokip 98Qbp-KC7.1.20
342675712,m,33241802khut◦nung◦lamback of handKuki-Chin681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Haokip 98Qbp-KC6.1.7.20
342676712,1282,m1802khut◦tumfistKuki-Chin681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Haokip 98Qbp-KC6.1.7.30
4428837121930khuthandPaite681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
4428847121927kuthandSizang681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
442856712,12821927kut tumfistSizang681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2810
4428827121926khùthandThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
2936437121509xúthandThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Thirumalai 72THI1972630
292939712,m1509xút◦cʌ̀lfinger (index)Thado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Thirumalai 72THI1972320
292941712,m1509xút◦zùŋfingerThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Thirumalai 72THI1972320
4410712,3201589khut-zǔŋfingerTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2730
4428817121925khut³handTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
3142917121778khut³handTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB8520
442418712,1282,m1925khut³ tum²fistTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC1860
442855712,12821925khut³ tum²fistTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2810
314298712,1282,m1778khut³ tum²fistTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB8580
1622777121592χᴜt⁴handTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
162476712292kᴜᵊt¹handAsho (Sandoway)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
4492917121957kïthandChinbon691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL890
4428857121928kuthandCho (Mindat)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
446093712,4831928kut hngawngwristCho (Mindat)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9160
4482417121953kuthandDaai691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL890
162475p,712296ă◦kɔɛ³handAwa Khumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
4498507121959keᵘʔhandKhumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL890
4428867121929kíwhand, front legs (of an animal)Khumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
442536712,m1929kíw◦pcueengfingernail, claw, talonKhumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2110
162474712221keᴜ⁵handKhumi (Ahraing)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
4495727121958kuthandMatu691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL890
162321712,m1035kut²ˋkʻi¹elbowMatupi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.100
1624707121035kuːt²handMatupi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
4490507121956kuthandMkaang691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL890
4487867121955kuthandNgmüün691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL890
4485267121954kuthandNyhmoye691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL890
4501317121960kɶʔhandWakung691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL890
1624737121633kᴜt²handWomatu691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
516182712332kuthandBawm701.2.2Central Chin1Schwerli 79VS-GBL0
162279712792kᴜt¹handKhualsim701.2.2Central Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
4428787121947kuthandLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
4428797121923kùthandLai (Falam)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
442853712,12821947kut-tǔmfistLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2810
162280712620kᴜt²handLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
115648712,m978ku-tangfingerLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
165809712976kuthandLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
4428807121924kùthand, the handle (of a spinning machine, etc)nLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
3142927121779kuthandLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB8520
5566712975kut phapalm (hand)Lushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT5920
3269712975kut-phaʔpalm (hand)(1)Lushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT1750
115707712,m978kut-tiafinger (little)Lushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
442417712,m,12821924kùt-tùmfist, the clenched handnLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC1860
442854712,12821924kùt-tùmfist, the clenched handnLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2810
115628712,320978kut-zungfingerLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115687712,320,m978kut-zung-chalfinger (index)Lushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115730712,320,m978kut-zung-laifinger (middle)Lushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
119103712,320,m978kut-zung-puithumbLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115747712,320,m,m978kut-zung-tê-ufinger (ring)Lushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115746712,320,m978kut-zung-ufinger (ring)Lushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
514581712976kut◦phahpalm (of hand)Lushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL1870
115768712,m978kut◦tumfistLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
165619712,320976kut◦zungfingerLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
162278712977kᴜt⁴handLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
162469p,712862məˊkuʔ⁴handLailenpi711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
4428777121921handnLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2870
115627712,329871ku parofingerLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115767712,m,m871ku-cha-hufistLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115686712,m871ku-dyfinger (index)Lakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115728712,517871ku-liafinger (middle)Lakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
442852712,12821921kū-tōfistLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC2810
162468712966kvɤ⁴handLothvo (Hiranpi)711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
1622817121052ku'⁵handMera711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
162154712,m1052ku⁵tsə̆kʻi⁵elbowMera711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.100
1624727121508kᴜt¹handTha'oa711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
1622767121638χɔ̆t²handXongsai711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
1622827121700kwiʔ¹handZotung711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.140
162155712,m1700kwiʔ¹kʻi¹elbowZotung711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBO.100
161977712,7451700kwiʔ¹ɓɔ⁴armZotung711.2.3Maraic1Luce 85GHL-PPBN.350
131617712805kuthandKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ6.1.70
131656712,m805kut čeindex fingerKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ7.1.10
131622712,m805kut čəŋright handKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ6.1.7.40
131657712,517805kut ləimiddle fingerKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ7.1.20
131655712,m805kut pərfingerKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ7.10
131668712,m,m805kut pər inčunnəknuckle (joint of digit)Kom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ7.30
131620712,m805kut rəbufistKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ6.1.7.30
131659712,m805kut telittle fingerKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ7.1.40
131658712,m,m805kut te uring fingerKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ7.1.30
131621712,m805kut tunfistKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ6.1.7.30
131623712,2154805kut vuileft handKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ6.1.7.50
131619712,m805kut◦rəkʰuback of handKom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ6.1.7.20
524315712,m2030kʉ̀t◦kʰóomhand spanSorbung721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Mortensen 11 SorbungMK-SorbungBodyParts.3570
5241997122030kʉ́tarm; handSorbung721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Mortensen 11 SorbungMK-SorbungBodyParts.1710
5242027122030kʉ́thandSorbung721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Mortensen 11 SorbungMK-SorbungBodyParts.1810
165788p,7121019a◦khuthandMaring111.3“Naga” Areal Group0Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
165000712,13271019khut◦bangarmMaring111.3“Naga” Areal Group0Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
165600712,3201019khut◦mayungfingerMaring111.3“Naga” Areal Group0Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
165789p,7121050a◦khethandMeluri651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1657957121301khuthandPuiron641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1650057121301khutarmPuiron641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
165455712,m1301khut◦kielbowPuiron641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
168926712,m1301khut◦yunghandPuiron641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
5292527122031kʰuthand / arm*Tangkhulic661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
5262027122026kʰuthandTankghul (Central)661.3.4Tangkhulic1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
526264m,7122027a-kʰuihandTangkhul (Northern)661.3.4Tangkhulic1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
620694m,7122024ʔə-kfɯhandTusom661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkBodyParts.1680
105477121040khuthandMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei6.1.70
1658107121041khuthandMeithei131.4Meithei1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
10580712,m1040khut məmifingerprintMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.1.60
10552712,m1040khut oyleft handMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei6.1.7.50
10551712,m1040khut yetright handMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei6.1.7.40
10402712,m,56211040khut əmasuŋ khoŋlimbs / arms and legsMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei0
10585712,m,m1040khut-ki khujilfingernailMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.4.10
10586712,m,m1040khut-ki khujinfingernailMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.4.10
115749712,m,m1042khut◦ning◦thaufinger (ring)Meithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
119105712,m1042khut◦pithumbMeithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
10574712,m1040khut◦safingerMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.10
10550712,m1040khut◦tumfistMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei6.1.7.30
10576712,5171040khut◦yaymiddle fingerMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.1.20
514582712,m1041khu◦bakpalm (of hand)Meithei131.4Meithei1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL1870
165620712,m1041khu◦bifingerMeithei131.4Meithei1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1716087121041khu◦dangwristMeithei131.4Meithei1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
105467121040khu◦daŋwristMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei6.1.60
247967712,m1041khu◦domring (finger ring)Meithei131.4Meithei1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
10575712,m1040khu◦dombiindex fingerMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.1.10
115633712,m1042khu◦dônfingerMeithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115690712,m,m1042khu◦dôn◦bifinger (index)Meithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115770712,m1042khu◦dumfistMeithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
116489712,m1042khu◦jengwristMeithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
10589712,5141040khu◦jilclaw (of animal)Meithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.4.30
10590712,5141040khu◦jiltalon (of bird)Meithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.4.40
171734712,5141041khu◦jilclawMeithei131.4Meithei1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
165556712,5141041khu◦jilclawMeithei131.4Meithei1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
117640712,5141042khu◦jilfingernailMeithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
10584712,m1040khu◦jinnailMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.40
10578712,m1040khu◦nawbilittle fingerMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.1.40
10577712,m1040khu◦niŋthəwring fingerMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei7.1.30
10549712,33241040khu◦nəmback of handMeithei131.4Meithei1Singh 91 MeiQCYS-Meithei6.1.7.20
115732712,5171042khu◦yaifinger (middle)Meithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
115711712,m,m1042kut◦nau◦bifinger (little)Meithei131.4Meithei1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
43712,m1037kʰut◦safingerMeithei131.4Meithei1Abbi 85AAAM-SSM0
128255712,m378khu◦ṭubfistBunan202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, S.R. 91 BuSBN-BunQ6.1.7.30
128247712,m378khyut◦siarmBunan202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, S.R. 91 BuSBN-BunQ6.10
128252712,m,m,m378khyut◦si ṭaŋ ṭaŋforearm / lower armBunan202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, S.R. 91 BuSBN-BunQ6.1.50
3374547121788guhand, armnKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Bailey 11BAI19110
337456712,m1788gu sabʻgloveKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Bailey 11BAI19110
168009712731gudhandKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, D.D. 88 KnDS-Kan0
337458712,m1788gŭd s̱ẖĕnnigʻtouchKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Bailey 11BAI19110
3374557121788gŭdʻhand / armnKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Bailey 11BAI19110
337459712,m,m1788gŭd◦ös khoyāmigʻtouchKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Bailey 11BAI19110
3374572277,7121788i gŭdʻhandful (one)Kanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Bailey 11BAI19110
18045712731khyučarmKanauri202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, D.D. 88 KnDS-Kan29,350
183187121262guʐhandPattani [Manchati]202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, D.D. 82 THDS-Patt0
1313247121005gù◦RəhandPattani [Manchati]202.1.1Western Himalayish0Sharma, S.R. 91 MaSTP-ManQ6.1.70
350844712,m1804khu tshurfistnTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.010
80475712,m1581khu-tshurfistTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Zhang Liansheng 88ZLS-Tib400
37846712,m1575khu.tshurfistTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 TbGlJS-Tib2640
115758712,m1568kʻu-tʻsurfistTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
143351712104guthand*Bah-Sun302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7830
516185m,7122013dzumro gøright handBahing302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 74 BaBMMM-Bbp0
143354712307gyhandBahing302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7830
516184b?,b?,7122013pe:◦ro gøleft handBahing302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 74 BaBMMM-Bbp0
120429712641gothandnHayu302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 89 H2BM-Hay84.970
143353712643gothandHayu302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7830
1433557121435guyhandSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7830
115223712,m1437guy◦nāːelbowSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
143352712443kruthandChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7830
4796577121977krutarm, hand, tendriln.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
63268712449kruthandChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep1.480
62519712449krutarmChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep2.A.470
479659712,m1977krut.pakpalm of handn.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
63678712,m449krut◦pakpalm (hand)Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep2.A.530
625202154,712449weʔ-krutarm (left)Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep2.A.500
62521m,712449ŋoy◦krutarm (right)Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep2.A.490
128018712,328452(krut)◦brəyhfingerChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ7.10
128028712,512452(krut)◦sənfingernailChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ7.4.10
127985712452krutarmChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ6.10
127991712452krutforearm / lower armChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ6.1.50
127993712452kruthandChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ6.1.70
127994712,821452krut◦pakpalmChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ6.1.7.10
1279972154,712452weʔ◦krutleft handChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ6.1.7.50
127996m,712452ŋoy◦krutright handChepang (Eastern)282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 90 CheQRC-ChepQ6.1.7.40
143356712761'kwihandKham282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Michailovsky 91 KrBM-PK7830
66816712766'kwihandKham282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Watters 89 KhQDNW-KhamQ1.480
12671712766'kwiarmKham282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Watters 89 KhQDNW-KhamQ2.A.470
128753712,m562ku⁵⁵ tsi⁵⁵fistErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ErsQSHK-ErsCQ0
192845712,m561ku⁵⁵tsi⁵⁵fistErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC252.180
128922712594ko⁵³handGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 GuiQSHK-GuiqQ0
192768712595ko⁵³handGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC251.170
128939712,m,m,m594ko⁵³ tʃɔ̃³³ lɑ³³ phɑ⁵⁵left handGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 GuiQSHK-GuiqQ0
128965712,m,m,m594ko⁵³ wi⁵⁵ lɑ⁵⁵ phɑ⁵⁵right handGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 GuiQSHK-GuiqQ0
128958712,m,m594ko⁵⁵ kho³³ kho³³palmGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 GuiQSHK-GuiqQ0
193023712,512595kue³³ɕɛ⁵³fingernailGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC256.170
3504047121811kuɔ⁵armnbpGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0105.160
3505047121811kuɔ⁵⁵handnbpGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0107.160
3508597121811kuɔ⁵⁵fistnGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.160
350605712,3201811kuɔ⁵⁵nỹ⁵⁵fingernGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0109.160
350657712,m,m,m1811kuɔ⁵⁵ȵỹ⁵⁵ ta³⁵wu⁵⁵thumbnGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0110.160
350758712,320,m,m1811kuɔ⁵⁵ȵỹ⁵⁵ ŋi³⁵wu⁵⁵finger (little)nGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0112.160
350708712,320,m,m1811kuɔ⁵⁵ȵỹ⁵⁵ ʐũ³⁵ȵỹ⁵⁵finger (middle)nGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0111.160
350808712,m1811kuɔ⁵⁵ɕɛ̃⁵⁵nailnbpGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0113.160
192816712,m1323χkue³¹ȵi³³fistQiang (Taoping)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC252.90
192844712,m1699khu⁵⁵tsi⁵³fistQueyu (Yajiang) [Zhaba]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC252.160
131180712,m1698kʰu⁵⁵ tsi⁵³fistQueyu (Yajiang) [Zhaba]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZhaQSHK-ZhabQ6.1.7.30
350856712,m1808ʂkə³³pɔ¹³fistnQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.130
131024m,712,m1408lie³³ qhu⁵⁵ tsho⁵⁵fistXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ShiQSHK-ShixQ0
192846m,712,m1409lie³³qhu⁵⁵tsho⁵⁵fistXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC252.200
350857712,m1809ʂkʌ⁵⁵tshe⁵⁵fistnZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.140
13631712559rgufistErgong (Daofu)353.3rGyalrongic1Dai 89 DaofDQ-Daofu6.1.7.30
3508557121807rɤəfistnDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.120
129608712,m558ʐgu lufistErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ErDQSHK-ErgDQ6.1.7.30
192843712,m557ʐgu lufistErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC252.140
14049p,712606ta rkufistrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Dai 89 JiarDQ-Jiarong6.1.7.30
192842p,7121340ta rkutfistrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC252.120
130162p,712616ta◦r̥kutfistrGyalrong (Eastern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rEQSHK-rGEQ6.1.7.30
130480p,712617tə◦ʃkʰətfistrGyalrong (Northern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rNQSHK-rGNQ6.1.7.30
350854p,7121806tɑ rkutfistnrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.110
329465p,7121796ta rkutfistrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag6.1.730
332975p,7121799ta-rkutfistrGBenzhen783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 rGBJS-rGBenzhe0
15806695,712,m958le̱³¹ kv̩³³ dʐv̩³¹fistLolopho456.1.2Loloish1Dai 89 LoloDQ-Lolopho6.1.7.30
13821695,712,m584la⁵³ kv̩⁵⁵ tsɿ⁵⁵fistGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 89 GazhDQ-Gazhuo6.1.7.30
350890695,712,m,m1845la⁵³kv⁵⁵tsɿ⁵⁵mɛ³³fistnGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.470
495976695,712,m1980lɑ⁵³kv⁵⁵tsɿ⁵⁵fistGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Mu 03 GazhuoMS-Gazhuo0
9367695,712,m,m878lɪ̱²¹ ku̪²¹ tsʰɿ⁵⁵ n̩⁵⁵fistLalo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ6.1.7.30
296398695,712,m904le̱²¹khu̱²¹tshɿ̄³³fistLipho466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ6.1.7.30
9576695,712,m1148la̱⁵⁵ ko̱²¹ tsʰɯ̱²¹fistNasu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ6.1.7.30
284313712,m1193ko²¹po²¹fistNoesu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ6.1.7.30
283646712,m1194ku²¹tsɿ²¹fistNosu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ6.1.7.30
460766712,m1962ku²¹ʦɿ²¹fistYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
350880695,7121834le̱²¹ku³³fistnYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.370
350879695,712,m,m1833lɪ̱²¹ku̪²¹tshɿ⁵⁵n̩⁵⁵fistnYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.360
350881712,m1835ku̱²tshɯ̱²fistnYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.380
350878712,m1832ku²¹tsɿ²¹fistnYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.350
192821712,m1670ku²¹tsɿ²¹fistYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC252.210
350882695,712,861836le²khv̩¹¹tshz̯⁴⁴fistnYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0114.390
283884695,712,861223le²²qhu²¹tshi⁴⁴fistSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ6.1.7.30
131936695,712,861379le²¹qhu²¹tshi̱³³fistSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Wu 84YHJC-Sani0
17024695,712,861365le̱²² kʰv̩¹¹ tsʰɿ͆⁴⁴fistSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Ma 89 SanQMXL-SaniQ350.50
516394695,712,m1999lɑ˩kv˩ʈv˩fistLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze13970