1.0 The Body > 1.9 Reproductive System > 1.9.6 Womb

#471 PTB *s-nwat ⪤ *s-nut MOUTH / VESSEL / WOMB

This reconstruction replaces *s‑not ⪤ *s‑nut (HPTB:381) and *s‑not (STC:144-145, 150).

The variational pattern adduced here between medial *‑wa‑ and *‑u‑ parallels the better known alternation between *‑ya‑ and *‑i‑ to be found in etyma like #33 PTB *s‑myak*s‑mik EYE. We cannot assume a single prototype *s‑nwat, since that would have yielded WB hnwat.

This etymon is widely distributed with the meaning MOUTH in Burmish and Karenic, with good-looking cognates in Qiangic (Pumi) and Bai. The Tibetan cognate gives a clue to its more general meaning of VESSEL; the expression snod drug ‘the six vessels’ refers in traditional Tibetan anatomy to the gall-bladder, stomach, small and large intestines, urinary bladder, and uterus (in females) or spermatic vessels (in males) (see Jäschke 1881/1958, p. 319). The Tibetan compound bu‑snod, literally “child-vessel”, refers specifically to the womb. See STC (pp. 144, 145, 150) for references to the Burmese, Karen, and Tibetan cognates.

The Burmish (see especially Lashi) forms bear a strong surface resemblance to Siamese nùat (< Proto-Tai *hn‑) ‘beard’, suggesting that this is a loan from Burmish into SW Tai. This word is not widely distributed in Tai. “Except Tay (a Central Tai dialect) nuôt D1L this word seems restricted to the SW dialects” (Li Fang Kuei 1977:116). The Northern and Central Tai dialects generally have forms descending from Proto-Tai *mum (HCT pp. 72-73), which bears an apparently coincidental resemblance to #2058 PTB *mum CHIN / BEARD.

rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
515561471,4712012s-|not ⪤ s-|nutwomb / mouth / vessel*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6050
1271211633,4711426pui◦netwombSpiti242.1.2.1Tibetan1Bodh 91CB-SpitiQ10.4.80
1164191633,4711568bu-snodwombTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
1140804711567snodvesselTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED3190
43001471,476,m1307n̥ɐ³⁵ pu³⁵ la⁵³lipPumi (Taoba)343.2Qiangic1Lu 83 PumiJZ-Pumi0
130219p,m,m,471,m,1429616tə◦wam wu◦ʃno◦mo◦rɲewhiskers (of animal)rGyalrong (Eastern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rEQSHK-rGEQ8.1.70
130209471,m,368616ʃno◦mo rɲebeardrGyalrong (Eastern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rEQSHK-rGEQ8.1.2.10
622050471,4422212nœ̂-sillipsn.Nung384Nungic1Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB4150
38558471,596201nut⁵⁵ ɯ⁵⁵lipAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
38557471201n̥ut⁵⁵mouthAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
38560471,623201n̥ut⁵⁵ tshɑʔ⁵⁵tongueAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
192372471,785200ȵot⁵⁵tuŋ⁵⁵lipAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC243.410
38414471204ȵ̥ot⁵⁵mouthAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
38418471,363204ȵ̥ot⁵⁵ mui³¹beardAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
38415471,785204ȵ̥ot⁵⁵ tuŋ⁵⁵lipAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
349435471,3631824ȵ̥ot⁵⁵mui³¹beard / moustache / goateenAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0086.280
192525471,363200ȵ̥ot⁵⁵mui³¹beardAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC246.410
349384471,7851824ȵ̥ot⁵⁵tuŋ⁵⁵lipnAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0085.280
38694471207nut⁵⁵mouthAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
38695471,785207nut⁵⁵ tɔŋ⁵¹lipAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
17371471209n̥ut⁵⁵mouthAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 XianDQ-Xiandao1070
17373471,363209n̥ut⁵⁵ mui³¹beardAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 XianDQ-Xiandao1090
17372471,596209n̥ut⁵⁵ ʐʅ⁵⁵lipAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 XianDQ-Xiandao1080
349436471,3631825n̥ut⁵⁵mui³¹beard / moustache / goateenAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0086.290
349385471,5961825n̥ut⁵⁵ʐɿ⁵⁵lipnAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0085.290
17374471,363209n̥ɔt⁵⁵ mui³¹beardAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 XianDQ-Xiandao109.10
13124471370nɔ̱t⁵⁵mouthBola446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 BolaDQ-Bola1070
13125471,586370nɔ̱t⁵⁵ ka̱uʔlipBola446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 BolaDQ-Bola1080
13126471,363370nɔ̱t⁵⁵ mø³¹beardBola446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 BolaDQ-Bola1090
13127471,363370nɔ̱t⁵⁵ mø³¹whiskersBola446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 BolaDQ-Bola1100
349388471,5861829nɔ̱t⁵⁵ka̱uʔ⁵⁵lipnBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0085.320
349439471,3631829nɔ̱t⁵⁵mø³¹beard / moustache / goateenBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0086.320
349491471,3631829nɔ̱t⁵⁵mø³¹beardnBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0087.320
164672471383nhutmouth, snoutBurmese (Modern)446.1.1Burmish1Luce 85GHL-PPBV.1090
349383471,5861823n̥oʔ⁴khɑ̃⁵⁵lipnBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0085.270
192397471,5861428n̥oʔ⁴⁴khɑ̃⁵⁵lipBurmese (Spoken Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC243.400
117534471396hnutmouth / wombBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
437788471406hnutmouth; wombBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
192371471,454411hnut khɑm³lipBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC243.390
117330471,454396hnut-khâmlipBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
31981471,454401hnut-khâmlip, brim / upper edge of vesseln.Burmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 74 TJLBJAM-TJLB1850
71072471,454409hnut-khàmlipBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC3290
349382471,4541822hnut⁴khɑm³lipnBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0085.260
164671471393nhutmouth, snoutBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Luce 85GHL-PPBV.1090
166177471,454392nhut◦kham:lipBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
114520471,442396nut-sîbeak / billBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
349387471,5861828na̱t⁵⁵ka̱uk⁵⁵lipnLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0085.310
349438471,3631828na̱t⁵⁵mɔi³¹beard / moustache / goateenLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0086.310
15487471886nua̱t⁵⁵mouthLashi446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LashDQ-Lashi3.70
15510471886nua̱t⁵⁵beak / billLashi446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LashDQ-Lashi3.9.30
15507471,586886nua̱t⁵⁵ ku̱k⁵⁵lipLashi446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LashDQ-Lashi3.90
15597471,363886nua̱t⁵⁵ mou⁵⁵moustacheLashi446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LashDQ-Lashi8.1.2.30
15605471,363886nua̱t⁵⁵ mou⁵⁵whiskers (of animal)Lashi446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LashDQ-Lashi8.1.70
15595471,363886nua̱t⁵⁵ mə³³beardLashi446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LashDQ-Lashi8.1.2.10
154741006,471886vuʔ³¹ no̱³³snout (pig)Lashi446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LashDQ-Lashi3.5.50
349389471,5861830nua̱t⁵⁵ku̱k⁵⁵lipnLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0085.330
349440471,3631830nua̱t⁵⁵mə³³beard / moustache / goateenLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0086.330
152324711024na̱t⁵⁵mouthMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu3.70
152564711024na̱t⁵⁵beak / billMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu3.9.30
15253471,5861024na̱t⁵⁵ ka̱uk⁵⁵lipMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu3.90
15357471,3631024na̱t⁵⁵ muk⁵⁵whiskers (of cat)Maru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu8.1.70
15347471,3631024na̱t⁵⁵ mɔi³¹beardMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu8.1.2.10
15349471,3631024na̱t⁵⁵ mɔi³¹moustacheMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu8.1.2.30
192373471,5861034na̱t⁵⁵ka̱uk⁵⁵lipMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC243.430
192526471,3631034na̱t⁵⁵mɔi³¹beardMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC246.430
15254m,471,5861024thɔʔ⁵⁵ na̱t⁵⁵ ka̱uk⁵⁵upper lipMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu3.9.10
152201006,4711024vɔʔ³¹ nɔ̱³¹snout (pig)Maru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu3.5.50
15255p,471,5861024ɔ³¹ na̱t⁵⁵ ka̱uk⁵⁵lower lipMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu3.9.20
440474711686nu̱t⁵⁵mouthAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Xu 84 ZaiwaJZ-Zaiwa0
44048471,5861686nu̱t⁵⁵ ku̱ʔ⁵⁵lipAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Xu 84 ZaiwaJZ-Zaiwa0
44051471,3631686nu̱t⁵⁵ mui²¹beardAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Xu 84 ZaiwaJZ-Zaiwa0
349437471,3631827nu̱t⁵⁵ mui²¹beard / moustache / goateenAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0086.300
349386471,5861827nu̱t⁵⁵ku̱ʔ⁵⁵lipnAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0085.300
192398471,5861693nu̱t⁵⁵ku̱ʔ⁵⁵lipAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC243.420
192551471,3631693nu̱t⁵⁵mui²¹beardAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC246.420
47497268,471216bo²¹ nɯ̱³³beard / moustacheAhi476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Luo 90LMZ-AhiQ8.1.20
164673467,471949mɯ⁵nɯ²mouth, snoutLisu (Putao)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Luce 85GHL-PPBV.1090
57675471123nòʔmouth*Karen (Pwo)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6680
57683471123nòʔbeak / bill*Karen (Pwo)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6910
57679471125nɔʔmouth*Karen (Sgaw)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6680
57687471125nɔ̀ʔbeak / bill*Karen (Sgaw)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6910
1175254711269nòʔmouthPwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
576774711272nòʔmouthPwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6680
576854711272nòʔbeak / billPwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6910
1145164711269nòʻbeak / billPwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
1175244711275noʔmouthPwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
1145154711275noʔbeak / billPwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
576764711279noʔmouthPwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6680
576844711279noʔbeak / billPwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6910
1175284711393nɔʔmouthSgaw (Bassein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
576814711394nɔʔmouthSgaw (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6680
1145194711393nɔ̀ʔbeak / billSgaw (Bassein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
576894711394nɔ̀ʔbeak / billSgaw (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6910
14896471,5634746nɔ³³ tsʰu³¹beardKaren (Sgaw/Hinthada)507Karenic1Dai 89 KarBDQ-KarenB1120
1175274711397nɔʔmouthSgaw (Moulmein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
576804711399nɔʔmouthSgaw (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6680
1145184711397nɔ̀ʔbeak / billSgaw (Moulmein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
576884711399nɔ̀ʔbeak / billSgaw (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS6910
14686471,m747nɔ̱ʔ⁵⁵ pʰoʔ⁵⁵lipKaren (Sgaw/Yue)507Karenic1Dai 89 KarADQ-KarenA1110
14687471,5634747nɔ̱ʔ⁵⁵ sʰu³¹beardKaren (Sgaw/Yue)507Karenic1Dai 89 KarADQ-KarenA1120
80622471309ne̱²¹mouthBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Zhao 90ZYS-Bai3.70

Chinese comparandum

須 / 鬚 OC *si̯u, GSR #133a-c, d ‘beard’; Schuessler 2007:544 *sno; B & S 2011: *s.no ; Mand. .