9.0 Shape, Size, Color, Measure, Number, Time, Space > 9.9 Numbers and numeric expression

#2703 PTB *s-tawŋ THOUSAND

Reconstructed mesoroots below:
rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
75832703175s-|toŋthousand*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2070
51594627032012s-|toŋthousand*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6150
719802703182s-|toŋthousand*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Benedict 72 STCSTC320
1600352703365*toŋ-raːthousandBokar731.1.1.1Western Tani1Sun J 93 TaniJS-Tani0
38754827031820toŋ rathousandnumBokar731.1.1.1Western Tani1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.240
3672p,2703962¹o³tɯŋ(ʔ)thousandLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2070
45240627031964thóŋ-nathousandSak401.7.3.2Asakian1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak405-110
36792703375toŋ◦ʈha-thousandBumthang222.1.2Bodic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2070
29735427031085toŋ⁵⁵thousandTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
29878327031093toŋ⁵⁵thousandTshona (Wenlang)222.1.2Bodic1Lu 86 CuoMJZ-CNMenba0
22792727031092tɔŋ⁵⁵thousandTshona (Mama)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.60
38750427031851toŋthousandnumMotuo Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.070
38750327031850tɔŋ⁵⁵thousandnumCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.060
38750227031848rtoŋ zəkthousandnumTibetan (Alike)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.050
22792627031550htoŋthousandTibetan (Amdo:Bla-brang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.40
22790227031585rtoŋthousandTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.50
38750027031826tũ⁵⁵thousandnumTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.030
22790127031380tuŋ⁵⁵thousandTibetan (Khams:Dege)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.30
38749927031815toŋ⁵⁵thousandnumTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.020
22792527031557toŋ⁵⁵thousandTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.20
367627031562stoŋthousandTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2070
6939027031578stoŋthousandTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Benedict 72 STCSTC320
38749827031804stoŋthousandnumTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.010
22790027031582stoŋthousandTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.10
38750127031837htoŋthousandnumTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.040
5049272703,m1988túng◦chúrhundred millionnum.Lepcha212.1.3Lepcha1Plaisier 07 LepchaHP-GL0
5049242703,m1988tung◦hrókthousandnum.Lepcha212.1.3Lepcha1Plaisier 07 LepchaHP-GL0
46834327031970tụthousandTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Li 97 TangutLFW199703590
227933m,2703561hpu⁵⁵(htu⁵⁵)thousandErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.180
2279072703,m,m595tũ⁵⁵ntshø⁵⁵tɕɔ̃⁵³thousandGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.170
3875132703,m,m,m1811tɔ̃⁵⁵tshu̵⁵⁵ta⁵⁵ (tɕuŋ⁵⁵)thousandnumGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.160
38751527031813tu⁵³thousandnumLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.180
38751227031810tõ⁵³thousandnumMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.150
2279062703,m1136to⁵⁵ntʂhɑ⁵³thousandMuya [Minyak]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.150
22790827031147tu³³thousandNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.190
38754327031844tu³¹thousandnumNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.460
387753m,2703,m1844tɕi³¹tu³¹ntshu³¹ten millionnumNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0830.460
3875072703,m1805tõ⁵⁵tʂhɑ⁵⁵thousandnumPumi (Jiulong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.100
38750627031853stĩ⁵⁵thousandnumPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.090
22790527031306stĩ⁵⁵thousandPumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.110
22792927031309tiã⁵⁵thousandPumi (Taoba)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.100
508809p,2703,b1996à tó-ʁuáten million [thousand-ten.thousand]Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang12170
5088012666,2703,m,1306,m1996tshé tò (nà) ʁuè sáthree thousand fiftyQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang12130
50879927031996túthousandQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1212 1
387505p,27031852(ɑ) stu̥thousandnumQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.080
387715p,2703,b1852(ɑ) stu̥ ʁuɑnten millionnumQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0830.080
22792827031320stuŋ tsuthousandQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.80
22790427031323χto⁵⁵thousandQiang (Taoping)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.90
22793227031699tũ⁵⁵thousandQueyu (Yajiang) [Zhaba]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.160
3875142703,m1812tõ⁵⁵dʐa⁵³thousandnumXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.170
3875112703,m1809ʂtᴜ̃⁵⁵ntʂha⁵⁵thousandnumZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.140
39103427031807stoŋ (a gə)ten centsclfDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0907.120
38750927031807stoŋ (m) tʂhɑthousandnumDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.120
2279312703557stɔŋ phʂɔthousandErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.140
387718m,m,2703,m1806khrə tso stoŋ tsoten millionnumrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0830.110
38750827031806stoŋ tsothousandnumrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.110
22793027031340stoŋ tsothousandrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.120
33224127031797stoŋ-tsothousandCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
33372127031799stoŋ-tsothousandrGBenzhen783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 rGBJS-rGBenzhe0
38751727031816tu⁵⁵thousandnumDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.200
39104227031816tu⁵⁵ten centsclfDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0907.200
2279472703537tu⁵⁵thousandTrung [Dulong]384Nungic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.460
2279182703411htɔŋ²thousandBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.390
36592703390thauŋthousandBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2070
693912703409thauŋthousandBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC320
1338592703394thôŋthousandBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4140
38752327031822thɔŋ²thousandnumBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.260
2279692703411thɔŋ³ten thousandBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC941.390
38757527031822tθɔŋ³ten thousandnumBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0827.260
438499p,2703406ə-thoŋthousandn.Burmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
387530m,27031830(ta³¹) to̱ŋ³³thousandnumLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.330
387740m,27031830(ta³¹) to̱ŋ³³mun³¹ten millionnumLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0830.330
453386m,27031965tə-thɔŋthousandMarma446.1.1Burmish1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak405-110
453387m,27031965tə-θɔ́ŋten thousandMarma446.1.1Burmish1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak405-140
36602703151ʔ-|toŋ¹thousand*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2070
119012703152ʔ-|toŋ¹thousand*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo4890
1338582703153ʔ-|toŋ¹thousand*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4140
38754427031845tv³⁵thousandnumGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.470
38753127031831tu³³thousandnumNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.340
33570027031219tu³¹thousandNusu (Northern)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun J 86 NusuJZ-Nusu0
227921m,27031215ɕi³⁵; tu³⁵thousandNusu (Bijiang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.450
22793527031658to³³thousandYi (Dafang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.220
46033027031962tu̱³³thousandYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
227911m,27031662thi²¹to³³thousandYi (Mile)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.250
227937m,27031663(thi²¹)to⁵⁵thousandYi (Mojiang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.260
227936m,27031664thi²¹tu³³thousandYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.240
38753427031834tu̱³³thousandnumYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.370
38774427031834tu̱³³me²¹ten millionnumYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0830.370
22791027031666tu̪⁵⁵thousandYi (Nanjian)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.230
38753327031833tu̪⁵⁵thousandnumYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.360
38754927031835tv̩³³thousandnumYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.380
38774527031835tv̩³³ti³³ten millionnumYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0830.380
387742m,2703,b1832tshɿ²¹tu̱³³vɑ⁵⁵ten millionnumYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0830.350
38753227031832tu̱³³thousandnumYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.350
39105727031832tu̱³³ten centsclfYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0907.350
22790927031670tu̱³³thousandYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.210
2772792409,2703946li⁵⁵tu³³four thousandLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
281002m,2703946thi²¹ tu³³a thousandLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2739472703946tu³³thousandQLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
39106227031838tu³³ten centsclfLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0907.400
38774727031838tu³³mɯ³¹ten millionnumLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0830.400
38753727031838tu̱³³thousandnumLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.400
2279122703942tu⁴⁴thousandLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.270
38753627031836tv̩⁴⁴thousandnumYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.390
1338602703228tháŋthousandAkha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4140
1370482703243tháŋthousandAkha (Thai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4140
1370512703633thɔ́thousandHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4140
2279142703510thɔ⁵⁵thousandHani (Dazhai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.310
38753827031839thɔ⁵⁵thousandnumHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.410
22794027031416thu⁵⁵thousandHani (Shuikui)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.320
38753927031840thu⁵⁵thousandnumHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.420
512747m,27031998ɖɯ˧tv˧1000Na (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
22791327031676tv³³thousandNaxi (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.290
2279382703908tv³¹thousandNaxi (Lijiang)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC940.280
38754227031843tv̩²¹thousandnumNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0826.450
38775227031843tv̩²¹mɯ³³ten millionnumNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0830.450
52957927032038g-|thɔNᴬthousand (people)*Karen507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK298 2
52978727032039thɔŋ⁴thousand*Karen [Burling]507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2980
53116527032044gə³³|thɔ⁵⁵thousandBwe507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2980
53146927032045tho³³thousandKayaw507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2980
53265927032049thɔ̃⁵³thousandPwo (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2980
53177827032046kə¹¹|tho³³thousandSgaw (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2980
53208027032047thu⁵⁵thousandSgaw (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2980

Chinese comparandum

眾/衆 *tuŋ‑s ‘numerous’. CVST.
Cf. #5863 PTB *khrəy TEN THOUSAND for analogous sense shift in Chinese 皆.


^ 1.
[Source note] <WT stoŋ ?
^ 2.
[Source note] *hreŋᴬ = thousand (amount of money), *g-thɔNᴬ = thousand (people).