2.0 Animals and Animal Verbs > 2.1 Animals of the Chinese Zodiac > 2.1.6 Reptiles and Amphibians > 2.1.6.1 Snake

#2623 PTB *s-b/m-ruːl SNAKE

Reconstructed mesoroots below:

This root is easily confused with another etymon #2178 *bəw that has a range covering both INSECT/VERMIN and SNAKE.

rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
75942623175b-|ruːlsnake*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
723982623182b-|ruːlsnake*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
52923226232032s-|b/|m-|ruːlsnake*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
51580026232012s-|b/|m-|ruːlsnake*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6110
18776226231431pɯh⁵³snakeSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.520
1886292623,m1431pɯh⁵³ɕa⁵³insect / wormSulung [Puroik]41.1“North Assam”0Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC169.520
2833102623173bɯr-|taŋpoisonous snake / viper*Tani51.1.1Tani1Sun J 93 HCSTJS-HCST3010
1740542623333bɯr-|taːpoisonous snake / viperBengni731.1.1.1Western Tani1Sun J 93 HCSTJS-HCST0
1589832623334bɯr-|taːsnake (poisonous)Bengni731.1.1.1Western Tani1Sun J 93 TaniJS-Tani0
1740532623360bɯr-|toŋpoisonous snake / viperBokar731.1.1.1Western Tani1Sun J 93 HCSTJS-HCST0
1606492623365bɯr-|toŋviperBokar731.1.1.1Western Tani1Sun J 93 TaniJS-Tani0
49560126231979bərtaavipern.Galo731.1.1.1Western Tani1Rɨbaa,Post,et al. 09GLDC-GED0
49450126231979bərtaasnake (variety)n.Galo731.1.1.1Western Tani1Rɨbaa,Post,et al. 09GLDC-GED0
436956p,26231818tɑ³¹bu³⁵snakenDarang [Taraon]61.1.2Deng1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.220
187735p,2623509tɑ³¹bu⁵⁵snakeDarang [Taraon]61.1.2Deng1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.490
659526231054rə̀snakeKaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8190
257126231054rə̀snake / wormKaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT840
43695726231819ɹuɯl³⁵snakenKaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.230
1877602623592ɹuɯl³⁵snakeKaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.480
187761m,2623662jɑ⁵⁵bu⁵⁵snakeIdu61.1.2Deng1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.500
50100626231920ruulSNAKE*Chin81.2Kuki-Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9750
37782623245pùrᴜ̀ᴜlsnakeAnal81.2Kuki-Chin1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
52395726232035pʰu-|runsnakeKhoibu81.2Kuki-Chin1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
44638126231930gulsnakePaite681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9750
29358026231509gúlsnakeThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Thirumalai 72THI1972620
44638026231926gúulsnakeThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9750
32764026231794-guːlsnakenTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Henderson 65 TidCEJAH-TC0
313371m,26231778be¹ guːl²snake gourdTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB710
44637926231925guːl²snakeTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9750
31376326231778guːl²snakeTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB3930
44925826231957pʰɔ́snakeChinbon691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL570
4482072623,m1953pɣʰuʔ◦pɣʰaːⁱsnakeDaai691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL570
717792623775məguisnakeKhami691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
717782623779pəwisnakeKhami (Northern)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
44638226231929pvúuysnakeKhumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9750
44981926231959pᵊvuːⁱsnakeKhumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL570
44954026231958xulsnakeMatu691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL570
44902426231956ɣuⁱsnakeMkaang691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL570
44875526231955pɣʰusnakeNgmüün691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL570
44849526231954ʔpɣʰúsnakeNyhmoye691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL570
45009926231960mᵊxuⁱˀsnakeWakung691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL570
44637726231923rǔulsnakeLai (Falam)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9750
44637626231947rûulsnakeLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9750
717802623984ru-l|snakeLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
2573802623976rûlsnakeLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
44637826231924rúulsnake, serpent, viperLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9750
2335352623982rúulsnakeLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Løffler 85 PaaLL-PRPL0
37762623975rúːlsnakeLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
31337226231779ruːlsnakeLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB710
23353326231248marúulsnakePaangkhua701.2.2Central Chin1Løffler 85 PaaLL-PRPL0
23353426231247rúulsnakePaangkhua701.2.2Central Chin1Løffler 85 PaaLL-PRPL0
44637526231921pā-rìsnakeLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC9750
2335362623874pari<paruulsnakeLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1Løffler 85 PaaLL-PRPL0
37772623870²pə¹risnakeLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
25735826231019pharulsnakeMaring111.3“Naga” Areal Group0Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
52395626232034pʰ-|rulsnakeMaring111.3“Naga” Areal Group0Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
61925926232229ph-|rəSNAKE*Central Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNIII.1000
2573482623270persnakeAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
717742623280persnakeAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
61992126232226pəɹ¹²snaken.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNIII.1000
37832623275¹pɯ²r|snakeAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
717762623,2623279əpeyü ⪤ əpeyisnakeAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
257349p,2623273a◦phisnakeAo (Mongsen: Longchang)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
62041426232231n̩¹-|rə¹snaken.Lotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNIII.1000
2573552623963ndrüsnakeLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
61746026232220nrüsnakeLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Murry 78LLC-ALV1130
37812623962¹n¹|rɯsnakeLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
25736826231364mürüsnakeSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
2595512623,m,m1364mürü◦king◦kingrainbowSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
378226231363¹mɯ¹rɯ|snakeSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
25737426231640phalüsnakeYacham-Tengsa631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
25737526231672phurusnakeYimchungrü631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
6185482623,m2206phuru◦tosnakeYimchungrü631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Kumar 73 YimBBK-Yim930
2573m,2623785²lo³pfɯsnake / wormKhezha651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT840
257356p,26231017in◦ghosnakeMao651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
25736726231335perisnakeRengma651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257369p,26231382a◦poghüsnakeSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
7177526231384pəwisnakeSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
6596m,m,26231381¹a¹la³puwormSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8190
2575m,m,26231381¹a¹la³pusnake / wormSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT840
3780p,26231381¹a¹pi³ɣi|snakeSema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
25736626231301marunsnakePuiron641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
52395826232036ma-|runsnakeRongmei / Nruanghmei641.3.3Zeme Group1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
25736126231347nruisnakeRongmei / Nruanghmei641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
52894326232031ruulsnake*Tangkhulic661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk5070
525210m,m,26232023ʔa-pʰə-rɐŋsnakeHuishu661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkAnimals.1100
524784m,26232022kəpʰ-wisnakeKachai661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkAnimals.1090
25737026231471pharasnakeTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
7177726231484phərəsnakeTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
30656426231470snakeTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Bhat 69 TNVBhat-TNV970
377926231469¹phə¹rə|snakeTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
52622826232026pʰrɯisnakeTankghul (Central)661.3.4Tangkhulic1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
52629026232027pʰrɯsnakeTangkhul (Northern)661.3.4Tangkhulic1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
52635126232028pʰa-|rɯsnakeTangkhul (Standard)661.3.4Tangkhulic1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
6205242623,m2024rɯ-tãsnakeTusom661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkAnimals.1100
52584926232025pʰa-|rusnakeUkhrul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
52676526232025pʰə-|rusnakeUkhrul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
378526231060phirūisnakeMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
25738226231062phiruisnakeMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
378626231060phorūisnakeMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
378426231060phurūi(ʔ)snakeMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
717732623,26231068phurul ⪤ phuruisnakeMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
257026231488²pʌusnake / wormTangsa841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT840
2573502623,1621429pi◦nyusnakeChang851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1183752623,543671pu-nenphlegm, mucus secreted by snakeJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
4785992623,m1976pəi◦husnakeBaram202.1.1Western Himalayish0Kansakar 10 BaramTRK-Baram960
7177026231539brulsnakeThebor202.1.1Western Himalayish0Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
2704852623,m721bu◦lensnake (big)nKaike222.1.2Bodic1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0690
1690972623,m,m1095bu◦chhi◦lasnakeTsangla (Central)222.1.2Bodic1Andvik 93EA-Tsh950
1877152623,m,m1088bu◦tɕhi◦lasnakeTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.70
2966702623,m,m1085pu¹³tɕʻi⁵⁵lasnakeTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
2974912623,m,m1089bu◦chi-lasnakeTsangla (Tilang)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
29807926231093mu³⁵ri⁵⁵|snakeTshona (Wenlang)222.1.2Bodic1Lu 86 CuoMJZ-CNMenba0
18773926231092breː¹³snakeTshona (Mama)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.60
38413126231851bryyear of the snakenMotuo Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.070
4369412623,m,m1851bu tɕhi lasnakenMotuo Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.070
43694026231850bre:³⁵snakenCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.060
3841302623,m1850breː⁵⁵wu³¹year of the snakenCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.060
43693926231848rbusnakenTibetan (Alike)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.050
18773826231550rusnakeTibetan (Amdo:Bla-brang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.40
18771426231585rusnakeTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.50
43693726231826dʐy⁵⁵snakenTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.030
38412726231826dʐỹ⁵⁵year of the snakenTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.030
2704862623701rulsnake (big)nTibetan (Jirel)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0690
2705002623701rulsnake (small)nTibetan (Jirel)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0700
18771326231380ru⁵³snakeTibetan (Khams:Dege)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.30
43693626231815tʂy¹³snakenTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.020
38412626231815tʂy¹³year of the snakenTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.020
18773726231557tʂy¹⁵snakeTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.20
27050126231402'rulsnake (small)nTibetan (Sherpa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0700
2704872623,m1402'rul◦wuǰesnake (big)nTibetan (Sherpa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0690
4285442623,m,m1804(sbrul pags) brdʑeslough off (of a snake)v.Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1693.010
38034m,26231575bye.sbrullizardTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 TbGlJS-Tib4520
2328631631,26231567c̀ʻu-sbrúlsnake (water)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
2332952623,61041567ḥbu-ríŋsnakeTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
2330302623,m1567ḥbu-skyógssnailTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
377526231562sbrulsnakeTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
25738326231564sbrulsnakeTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
23305326231567sbrulserpent / snakeTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
3107926231572sbrulsnakeTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL440
7176926231578sbrulsnakeTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
43693526231804sbrulsnakenTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.010
38412526231804sbrulyear of the snakenTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.010
18771226231582sbrulsnakeTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.10
43693826231837rusnakenTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.040
65932623,6104597'pu◦risnakeGurung232.1.4Tamangish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8190
802432623,6104999bɯ² kri²snakeManang (Gyaru)232.1.4Tamangish1Nagano 84 ManYN-Man3110
206932623,61041002²pu◦kriːsnakeManang (Prakaa)232.1.4Tamangish1Hoshi 84HM-Prak00820
65922623,61041468'pu◦khrisnakeTamang (Bagmati)232.1.4Tamangish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT8190
2704822623,61041520pu◦Tisnake (big)nThakali232.1.4Tamangish1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0690
2704962623,61041520pu◦Tisnake (small)nThakali232.1.4Tamangish1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0700
684312623,61041531pu◦ʈisnake (big)Thakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Hari 71a ThVoSIL-Thak3.A.690
684322623,61041531pu◦ʈisnake (small)Thakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Hari 71a ThVoSIL-Thak3.A.700
4998552623,m1873pu◦sæ•ʔsnakenYamphu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Rutgers 98RR-Yamphu567.020
499899m,m,2623,m1873saŋ◦ge◦bu◦sæ•ʔspecies of snakenYamphu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Rutgers 98RR-Yamphu574.070
2704882623,m1433bus◦susnake (big)nSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0690
2705022623,m1433bus◦susnake (small)nSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0700
4912026231545blosnakeThulung302.3.4Western Kiranti1Allen 75NJA-Thulung0
270492m,2623441?āyalā.rusnake (python)nChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0690
484263m,m,26231977baŋ.sapə.rusnake (sp.), a vipern.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
487392m,m,26231977hem.bayʔ.rusnake (sp.)n.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
2705052623441rusnake (small)nChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0700
48561226231977rusnake (gen.)n.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
640382623449rusnake (small)Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep3.A.700
486528m,m,m,26231977sa.khən.də.rusnake (sp.), a viper, large (about 2m. long), whitish stripes on blackn.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
486598m,m,26231977sam.bhya.rusnake (sp.), red and white bandedn.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
2568m,2623442sip-rusnake / wormChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT840
486713m,26231977sip.rusnake (sp.), King Cobran.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
486733m,m,26231977su.baŋ.rusnake spirit (sp.)nn.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
482090m,m,26231977tupu.li.ruworm (sp.), snake-shaped, reddish, fast moving (Blindworm snake?)n.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
481834m,26231977tək.rusnake (sp.), viper, olive green with red patch at back of neckn.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
4863391603,m,26231977waʔ.cəwʔ.rusnake (sp.), grey, lies under a bird's perch to catch itn.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
64037m,2623449ʔayəla-rusnake (big)Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep3.A.690
717712623997bulsnakeMagar282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Benedict 72 STCSTC4470
270483m,m,2623990kārhāng-ca bulsnake (big)nMagar282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0690
270497m,m,2623990mār-cha bulsnake (small)nMagar282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0700
46809326231970phiosnakeTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Li 97 TangutLFW199700800
1877452623,6104561bɛ³³rɿ⁵⁵snakeErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.180
43695026231811tʂu³⁵snakenGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.160
1877192623595tʂu⁵³snakeGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.170
3841752623,6104,m1813bɯ³³ɣɯʴ³⁵ (lu̵⁵³)year of the snakenLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.180
4369522623,61041813bɯ³³◦ɣɯʴ |³⁵snakenLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.180
43694926231810ro⁵³snakenMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.150
18771826231136ʐo⁵³snakeMuya [Minyak]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.150
18772026231147bəʴ⁵³snakeNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.190
43698026231844bəəʴ ⁵³snakenNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.460
4370302623,m,m1844bəəʴ ⁵³ta⁵⁵tsɿ⁵⁵lizardnNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0348.460
4369442623,61041805bu¹¹ʐɛi⁵⁵snakenPumi (Jiulong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.100
3841342623,m1805bʐu⁵⁵tɑ⁵⁵year of the snakenPumi (Jiulong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.100
4369432623,61041853bɐ¹³◦ʐɑsnakenPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.090
1877172623,61041306bɐ¹³ʐɑ⁵⁵snakePumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.110
1877412623,61041309bɐ³⁵re⁵³snakePumi (Taoba)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.100
5086002623,m1996bù (tsè)6th earthly branch (snake)Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1109 1
5072142623,m1996bù tshɨ̀snakeQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang4280
18774026231320bəssnakeQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.80
4369422623,m,2623,m1852bəs(1); bɹɛ gɛ (2)snakenQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.080
3841322623,m1852bɹɛ gɛyear of the snakenQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.080
50859926231997bʐě6th earthly branch (snake)Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1109 2
50721526231997bʐěsnakeQiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang4280
1877162623,m1323bə³¹guə²⁴¹snakeQiang (Taoping)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.90
18774426231699bru⁵³snakeQueyu (Yajiang) [Zhaba]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.160
4369472623,61041808pə⁵⁵rɛ⁵⁵snakenQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.130
3841372623,61041808pə⁵⁵rɛ⁵⁵year of the snakenQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.130
43695126231812bə³³ru⁵³|snakenXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.170
38414126231812bɛ³³ru⁵³|year of the snakenXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.170
18774626231409bɑ³³ro⁵⁵|snakeXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.200
436948m,26231809tʂʌ³³ (p) tʂɿ⁵⁵|snakenZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.140
43459426231807mphrisnakenDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.120
1877432623557mphʂisnakeErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.140
43694626231807mtʂhisnakenDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.120
3841362623,60681807vdʐi (lu)year of the snakenDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.120
436945m,26231806kha brᴇsnakenrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.110
187742m,26231340kha brᴇsnakerGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.120
331962m,26231797qa-preʔsnakeCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
329242m,26231796kha presnakerGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag11.90
333584m,26231799kʰɐ-priʔsnakerGBenzhen783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 rGBJS-rGBenzhe0
333943m,26231798ʁa-ptʂisnakeShili783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 ShiJS-Shili0
45802826231966wo4snaken.Tujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 04 TujiaPCB-Tujia0
4580382623,341966wo4si3snake meatn.Tujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 04 TujiaPCB-Tujia0
45361326231967wo⁴snakeTujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 06 TujiaBBL-TL1.30
4545082623,341967wo⁴si³snake meatTujia (Northern)415Tujia1Brassett 06 TujiaBBL-TL4.40
43698326231847wo⁵³snakenTujia415Tujia1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.490
38417326231847wo⁵³year of the snakenTujia415Tujia1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.490
18775526231615wo⁵³snakeTujia415Tujia1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.380
28857726231616wo⁵⁵snakeTujia (Northern)415Tujia1Tian 86JZ-Tujia0
51610326232011m-|r-|wəy¹snake*Lolo-Burmese426.1Lolo-Burmese1Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6190
43696226231824mʐui⁵⁵snakenAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.280
1877312623200mʐui⁵⁵snakeAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.410
3841522623,m1824mʐui⁵⁵ (n̥ək⁵⁵)year of the snakenAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.280
2869242623207mui³¹snakeAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
43696326231825mʐui⁵⁵snakenAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.290
38415326231825mʐui⁵⁵year of the snakenAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.290
43696126231823mwe²²snakenBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.270
38415126231823mwe²²year of the snakenBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.270
18775626231428mwe²²snakeBurmese (Spoken Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.400
1339872623394(mrwe)snakeBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL2890
37712623390mrwesnakeBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
2573772623392mrwesnakeBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
310772623400mrwesnakeBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL440
4412482623406mrwesnakeBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
3030652623409mrwesnakeBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC15n550
43696026231822mrwe²snakenBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.260
38415026231822mrwe²year of the snakenBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.260
1877302623411mrwe²snakeBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.390
30306626231357moiŋsnakeSamong446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC15n550
4369656112,26231828lɔ̃³¹mɔi³¹snakenLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.310
3841556112,2623,m1828lɔ̃³¹mɔi³¹ (tsəŋ³¹)year of the snakenLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.310
4369676112,26231830la̱ŋ³³mju³¹snakenLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.330
3841576112,26231830la̱ŋ³³mju³¹year of the snakenLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.330
45322126231965mrwiŋsnakeMarma446.1.1Burmish1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak3110
1877326112,26231034lɔ̱̃³¹mɔi³¹snakeMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.430
377326231023mòisnakeMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
4369646112,26231827la̱ŋ⁵¹mui⁵¹snakenAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.300
1877576112,26231693la̱ŋ⁵¹mui⁵¹snakeAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.420
3841546112,2623,m1827la̱ŋ⁵¹mui⁵¹ (tsan⁵¹)year of the snakenAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.300
37726112,26231679lʔáŋ◦mûisnakeAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
37742623151m-|rwe¹snake*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT2150
111142623152m-|rwe¹snake*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo60A0
43698126231845zɿ²⁴snakenGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.470
3841712623,22521845zɿ²⁴ (kho⁵³)year of the snakenGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.470
47660426231969vɤ31snakeKucong476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 09 KucongDC-Kucong0
43697726231841vɯ³¹snakenLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.430
1877272623851və³¹snakeLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.330
5292672623831vɨ̀snakenLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 88 DLJAM-DL1338-13390
6214212623,2630831vɨ̀-fâʔmongooseLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 88 DLJAM-DL13390
6091512623,14542098vɨ̀-šɛ̂ʔscale of snakeLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB3760
3020692623856vɤ²snakeLahu (Yellow)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chang 86JZ-Lahu0
2748022623946fu³³snakeNLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
38416426231838fu³³year of the snakenLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0760.400
2748042623,2252946fu³³khɔʔ²¹year of snakeLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2748052623,2252,5632946fu³³khɔʔ²¹su³³one who was born in the year of snakeLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2748062623,85946fu³³ni³³day of the snakeLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2748072623,m946fu³³ni³³green bamboo snake (kind of venomous snake)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2824882623,85944fu³³ɲi³³day of the snakeLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2824892623,m944fu³³ɲi³³green bamboo snake (kind of venomous snake)Lisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
1877242623942fu⁴⁴snakeLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.270
2863852623943hu³snakeLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
1877522623,61121416ɣɯ⁵⁵l̥u⁵⁵snakeHani (Shuikui)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC152.320
1362782623,6112784ý xhúsnakeHani (Khatu)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL2890
4369762623,61121840ɯ⁵⁵l̥u⁵⁵snakenHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0347.420
52954626232038rowᴮsnake*Karen507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
562532623126rú'snake*Karen (TP)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
578212623122rú'snakesee 425*Karen507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
562582623124rỳsnake*Karen (Pwo-Sgaw)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
562552623123ɣú'snake*Karen (Pwo)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
562602623125ɣỳsnake*Karen (Sgaw)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
52976926232039ɣy¹snake*Karen [Burling]507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
53114126232044ʀu³³snakeBwe507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
53088326232043ro¹¹snakeKayah507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
49831526231981rōsnakeNKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
4983162623,m,m1981rō◦blân◦ʍé̤cobra [lit. snake-again-whistle]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
4983192623,m1981rō◦là̤nreticulated python [lit. snake-descend]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
4983212623,5331981rō◦rēkrait, banded cane snake [lit. snake-rattan]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
4983222623,63651981rō◦tʰàiron snake (small snake that is difficult to cut, not aggressive but if it bites you, you will die) [lit. snake-iron]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
4983242623,16041981rō◦tʰó̤long-nosed bird snake [lit. snake-bird]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
4983252623,m1981rō◦θyə́ngreen pit viper (tail not red) [lit. snake-green]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
4983262623,m,m,m,12881981rō◦θyə́n◦lé̤◦ka◦mēred-tailed green pit viper [lit. snake-green-red-tail]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
4983232623,m1981rō◦θɨ̀viper [lit. snake-prickle]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
53058726232042rəu¹¹snakeKayan507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
53144226232045ru¹¹snakeKayaw507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
31029226231235snakePa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO0
5625426231242snakePa-O507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
53003026232040ru⁵³snakePa-O (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
53029326232041ru⁵⁵snakePa-O (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
5625926231259snakePalaychi507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
53233726232048ɣou¹¹¨snakePwo (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
53263026232049βou³³snakePwo (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
5625726231272ɣúʔsnakePwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
5625626231279ɣúsnakePwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
53205326232047ɣɨ³¹snakeSgaw (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
53175026232046ɣɨ¹¹¨snakeSgaw (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2660
5626226231394ɣỳsnakeSgaw (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90
5626126231399ɣỳsnakeSgaw (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS90

Chinese comparandum

虺 OC *χi̯wər, GSR #572a ‘snake brood, snake’; Schuessler 2007:287 *hmuiʔ; B & S 2011: *r̥ujʔ {[r̥]u[j]ʔ} (dial. r̥‑ > x‑); Mand. huǐ.


^ 1.
[Source note] calque (Evans 1999).
^ 2.
[Source note] calque (Evans 1999).