1.0 The Body > 1.2 Head and Face > 1.2.4 Brain

#243 PTB *s-nəw-k BRAIN

Reconstructed mesoroots below:

A similar but independent etymon is #249 PTB *s‑nip BRAIN.

rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
76600243168nukwbrain*Sino-Tibetan10Sino-Tibetan (previously published reconstructions)0Coblin 86WSC-SH480
150176243,243166s-|nuk ⪤ s-|nuwbrain*Sino-Tibetan10Sino-Tibetan (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL490
31262243166s-|nuw-|kbrain*Sino-Tibetan10Sino-Tibetan (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL490
8524243175(s-)|nukbrain*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT9640
8523243175nukbrain*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT9640
60711243181nukbrain*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB480
72434243182nukbrain*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Benedict 72 STCSTC4830
76603243183nukbrain*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Coblin 86WSC-SH480
31263243178s-nuk|brain*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL490
5155672432012s-|nukbrain*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6050
35382p,243659a◦nubrainIdu61.1.2Deng1Pulu 78JP-Idu0
35636p,243659a◦numarrowIdu61.1.2Deng1Pulu 78JP-Idu0
165255243669nubrainJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
114540243671nubrainJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
76139243,p,243687nu ~ ə◦nubrainJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Coblin 86WSC-SH480
58986243,p,243684nu~ə◦nubrainJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB480
31430243676núʔbrainsJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 74 TJLBJAM-TJLB3640
41167243679nuʔ⁵⁵brainJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Liu 84JZ-Jingpo0
6887243667³nuʔbrainJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT9640
114539p,243671ə◦nubrainJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
114541p,243671ə◦núʔbrainJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
451523385,2431964ú◦nóʔbrainSak401.7.3.2Asakian1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak1-30
62055243,11331098nyok◦tangbrainTsangla (Central)222.1.2Bodic1Egli-RodunerSER-HSLT35 90
39250243,11331085ȵok¹³ taŋ⁵⁵brainTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
42168243,11331086ȵok◦taŋbrainTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 80 MLDSLZO-MLD0
39418243,11331089ȵok-taŋbrainTsangla (Tilang)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
177342431491nǐuobrainTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Dai 89 XixiDQ-Xixia9.10
4681302431970nobrainTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Li 97 TangutLFW199701180
4681382431970nobrainTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Li 97 TangutLFW199701270
1321302431493no²brainTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Sofronov 97MVS-Grin0
2346352431494nɔɦbrainTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Nishida 64 TanNT-SGK18-08b0
2349442431495nɔɦbrainTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Nishida 64 TanNT-SGK1830
128719243562ȵo⁵⁵brainErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ErsQSHK-ErsCQ0
1296952431135ȵi³⁵brainMuya [Minyak]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 MuyQSHK-MuyaQ2.50
428492431304nɐ⁵⁵brainPumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Lu 83 PumiJZ-Pumi0
429922431307nuɐ³⁵brainPumi (Taoba)343.2Qiangic1Lu 83 PumiJZ-Pumi0
506482386,243,56581996qə̀ (ȵà)-tshófontanel [brain-jump]Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang102.10
506635386,2431996qə̀ ȵàbrainQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1640
43134386,2431317qa◦ȵibrainQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 81 QiaJZ-Qiang0
129140386,2431319qi ȵibrainQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 MawQSHK-MawoQ2.50
37505386,2431316qə◦ȵibrainQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun J 86 MawoJS-Mawo0
506634386,2431997qè ȵàbrainQiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1640
506481386,243,13871997qɛ̀ ȵà-tiéfontanel [brain-heart]Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang102.10
43287386,2431321qə³¹ χȵa³³brainQiang (Taoping)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 81 QiaJZ-Qiang0
17888386,2431325qə◦nibrainQiang (Yadu)343.2Qiangic1Dai 89 QianDQ-QiangN1640
1309932431408nɐ³⁵brainXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ShiQSHK-ShixQ0
128376243560mva³³brainErgong (Northern)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ErNQSHK-ErgNQ2.50
129537243558nuabrainErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ErDQSHK-ErgDQ2.50
130250p,386,p,243616ta◦ko r◦nobrainrGyalrong (Eastern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rEQSHK-rGEQ9.10
330127p,p,2431797tə́-r◦nɔbrainCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
130029p,p,243616tə◦r◦nobrainrGyalrong (Eastern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rEQSHK-rGEQ2.50
130342p,p,243617tə◦r◦nobrainrGyalrong (Northern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rNQSHK-rGNQ2.50
130571p,p,243617tə◦r◦nokbrainrGyalrong (Northern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rNQSHK-rGNQ9.10
130895p,p,243618tə◦r◦nokbrainrGyalrong (NW)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rNWSHK-rGNWQ9.10
130663p,p,243618tə◦r◦noχbrainrGyalrong (NW)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rNWSHK-rGNWQ2.50
329535p,p,2431796tA r◦nokbrainrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag9.10
332634p,m,p,2431799tə-vu r◦nɔkbrainrGBenzhen783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 rGBJS-rGBenzhe0
58985385,243539u⁵⁵ nɯʔ⁵⁵brainTrung [Dulong] (Dulonghe)384Nungic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB48 1
40022385,243538u⁵⁵ nɯ̆ʔ⁵⁵brainTrung [Dulong] (Dulonghe)384Nungic1Sun H 82 DulJZ-Dulong0
127304243,54851612naɯ⁵⁵ suĩ⁵⁵brainTujia415Tujia1Chen 86 TuMQCK-TujMQ2.50
5155692432011s-|nukᴴbrain*Lolo-Burmese426.1Lolo-Burmese1Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6050
38550243,m201nɑu⁵⁵ tɕi⁵⁵brainAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
38406385,243204u³¹ nuʔ³¹brainAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
38687243,m207nau⁵⁵ tɕi⁵⁵brainAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
17419385,243209u³¹ nuʔ⁵⁵brainAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 XianDQ-Xiandao1580
13173385,243370ŭ³¹ nauʔ⁵⁵brainBola446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 BolaDQ-Bola1580
437415243406hnokbrains ( in WB û-hnok )Burmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
58987385,243407ù-hnaukbrainBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB480
76138385,243410ù-hnokbrainBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Coblin 86WSC-SH480
165253385,243392ū:◦nhokbrainBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
134247385,243394ʔû-hnokbrainBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PLxxx0
114542385,243396ʔû-hnokbrainBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
31056385,243400ʔuː-hnokbrainBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL490
15448385,243886u̱⁵⁵ nuʔ³¹brainLashi446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LashDQ-Lashi2.50
452481385,2431965ǔ◦hnɔʔbrainMarma446.1.1Burmish1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak1-30
15194385,2431024au³⁵ nauk³¹brainMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu2.50
44040385,2431686u²¹ nuʔ⁵⁵brainAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Xu 84 ZaiwaJZ-Zaiwa0
6886p,243151(C)-nokᴸbrain*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT9640
11598p,243152(C)-nokᴸbrain*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo1400
134246p,243153(C)-nokᴸbrain*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PLxxx0
15699385,243958v̩⁵⁵ no̱³¹brainLolopho456.1.2Loloish1Dai 89 LoloDQ-Lolopho2.50
3115462431790ʔnokᴸbrainPNL456.1.2Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS89.0
292011243879ʔnòqbrainLalo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Björverud 94SB-Lalo0
9287243878ʔno²¹brainLalo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ2.50
3123582431781ʔno̱²brainLalo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS89.0
33773243,243972ṇ̃a |11 ~ ṇ̃ɐ |11brainsLuquan466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR156(c)0
150178243972ṇ̃ebrainLuquan466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1560
31058243971ń̥a¹¹brainLuquan466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL490
3127642431783no̱⁵⁵brainNasu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS89.0
9483385,2431148u³³ no̱⁵⁵brainNasu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ2.50
3121552431163nu̱²brainNesu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS89.0
9841385,2431164ŋˌ³³ nu̱²¹brainNesu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ9.10
3131702431785no̱⁵⁵brainNosu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS89.0
283546385,2431194o³³no⁵⁵brainNosu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ2.50
283709385,2431194o³³no⁵⁵brainNosu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ9.10
16246385,2431216u³³ ȵ̥u̱⁵³brainNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 89 NusBDQ-NusuB158.0
15998385,2431218u⁵⁵ ȵ̥u̱³¹brainNusu (Central/Zhizhiluo)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 89 NusADQ-NusuA158.0
43647385,243,m1656o³³ nɔ³³ ʈu³³brainYi (Dafang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 85 YiJZJZ-Yi0
463197385,2431962o³³no⁵⁵brainYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
437782431665no²¹brainYi (Nanjian)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 85 YiJZJZ-Yi0
43920385,2431669o³³ no⁵⁵brainYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 85 YiJZJZ-Yi0
9959385,2431667o³³-no⁵⁵cerebrumYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 79 YiChCSL-YIzd0
10171385,2431667o³³-no⁵⁵brainYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 79 YiChCSL-YIzd0
3119522431780nu̱²brainAhi476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS89.0
47303385,243216o⁵⁵ nɯ̱³³brainAhi476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Luo 90LMZ-AhiQ2.50
284158385,243210o⁵⁵nu̱²¹brainAhi476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ9.10
14241m,243698tʰo⁴⁴ no⁵⁵marrowJinuo (Baya/Banai)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 89 JinADQ-JinA1660
40999385,243700vu⁴⁴ no⁵⁵brainJinuo (Youle)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
40968385,243,1221699vu⁴⁴ nu⁵⁵ lu⁵⁵brainJinuo (Buyuan)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
301877385,243,m699vu⁴⁴nu⁵⁵lu⁵⁵brain, mindnJinuo (Buyuan)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
14502385,243697v̩⁴⁴ no⁵⁵brainJinuo (Baka)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 89 JinBDQ-JinB1640
41034232,243700ɣɯ⁴⁴ no⁵⁵marrowJinuo (Youle)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
14239385,243698ɯ⁴⁴ no⁵⁵brainJinuo (Baya/Banai)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 89 JinADQ-JinA1640
476487385,2431969v55 nɔ31brainKucong476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 09 KucongDC-Kucong0
11599243492naw˰brain*Common Lahu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo1400
284447385,243,35671703uˉ◦naw˰◦nehˆbrainLahu (Nyi)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 79 LahuDB-Lahu1400
284490385,243,35671704uˉ◦naw˰◦nehˆbrainLahu (Shehleh)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 79 LahuDB-Lahu1400
351816385,243,35671841u³⁵nɔ²¹nɛ⁵⁴brainsnLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0132.430
31431385,243838ú-nɔ̀ʔbrainsLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 74 TJLBJAM-TJLB3640
33770385,243,3567839ú-nɔ̀ʔ-nɛ̂ʔbrainsLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR156(a) 2
41495385,243,3567850v̩³⁵ nɔʔ²¹ nɛʔ⁵⁴brainLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chang 86JZ-Lahu0
41799385,243947o⁵⁵ nɯ⁵⁵brainLisu (Nujiang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Xu 86 LisuJZ-Lisu0
114545385,243925wu'-nrghɔ¹brainLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
33772385,243930wu1-nrghʻ1brainsLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR156(c)0
10821385,243923wu¹nrgh'¹brainLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo1400
279296385,243946ɔ⁵⁵nɤ⁵⁵brain, grey matterNLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
279299385,243,m,m946ɔ⁵⁵nɤ⁵⁵ kɔ³⁵dʑi⁴⁴meninx (outer lining of brain)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
3117492431786no²brainSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS89.0
16921385,2431365o⁵⁵ nu⁴⁴brainSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Ma 89 SanQMXL-SaniQ322.20
131871385,2431379o⁵⁵no̱³³brainSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Wu 84YHJC-Sani0
283943385,2431223o⁵⁵no⁴⁴brainSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chen 86 YiCK-YiQ9.10
114546m,243229iˇ◦nm˰brainAkha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety 3
134248243228nmq̀brainAkha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PLxxx0
114547385,243229uˇ◦nm˰brainAkha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
33771385,243,385,243631u-nɔ 21-21cbrainsHani (Hu T’an)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR156(a)0
40510385,243629u³¹ nɔ̱³¹brainHani (Dazhai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Li Yongsui 86 HaniJZ-Hani0
40368385,243628v̩̄³¹ nɤ̱³¹brainHani (Caiyuan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Li Yongsui 86 HaniJZ-Hani0
40667385,243630u³¹ nɯ³¹brainHani (Gelanghe)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Li Yongsui 86 HaniJZ-Hani0
40808385,243634v̩³¹ nɤ³¹brainHani (Shuikui)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Li Yongsui 86 HaniJZ-Hani0
236262243,3851114noʔ⁴wo⁴brainMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo0
134250243,3851115noʔ⁴wo⁴brainMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PLxxx0
436777385,2431120ʔo(ʔ)²noʔ²top of the head / brainMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Srinuan 76SD-MPD0
1145485450,2431286ʔá̃ dɔ̀brainCôông [Phunoi]486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety 4
167445450,2431285ʔɑ̃⁵⁵ do¹¹brainCôông [Phunoi]486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Bradley xx PhuDB-Phunoi0
172856m,2431618khu nǒ̵̩kbrain (= 9.1 )Ugong486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Bradley 93 UgoDB-Ugong2.50
172980m,2431618khu nǒ̵̩kbrain (= 2.5 )Ugong486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Bradley 93 UgoDB-Ugong9.10
57145386,243123khóq◦nɔ̀brain*Karen (Pwo)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
529640m,2432039kho²nuɁ¹brain*Karen [Burling]507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
57150386,243125khóʔ◦nùʔbrain*Karen (Sgaw)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
5293132432038nokᴰbrain*Karen507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
57148243124nùdbrain*Karen (Pwo-Sgaw)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
57143243126nɔ̀dbrain*Karen (TP)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
58001243122nɔ̀dhbrain*Karen507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
5309752432044-no¹¹brainBwe507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
6883243,m412nù-íbrainBwe507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT9640
530682m,2432043(ku¹¹)nɔ³³brainKayah507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
5303852432042nɔɁ²¹brainKayan507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
531224m,2432045(kə³³)nə³³brainKayaw507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
530119m,2432041(ɁaɁ²¹)nuɁ⁴⁵brainPa-O (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
529844m,2432040(Ɂu⁵⁵)nok⁴⁵brainPa-O (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
114533386,2431237kə́ʔ◦nɔ́ʔbrainPa-O507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
57144386,2431242kə́ʔ◦nɔ́ʔbrainPa-O507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
114536386,2431256khòq◦nùbrainPalaychi507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
57149386,2431259khòq◦nùbrainPalaychi507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
532150m,2432048(khu³³)nauɁ²¹brainPwo (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
532431m,2432049(khu⁵⁵) nɔuɁ⁴⁵brainPwo (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
114535386,2431269khò◦nòʔbrainPwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
6885386,2431268khò◦nɔ̀ʔbrainPwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT9640
57147386,2431272khò◦nɔ̀ʔbrainPwo (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
6884386,2431274khóʔ◦nauʔbrainPwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT9640
114534386,2431275khóʔ◦nauʔbrainPwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
57146386,2431279khóʔ◦nauʔbrainPwo (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
531539m,2432046(kho³¹˜)nuɁ²¹brainSgaw (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
531850m,2432047(khu⁴⁵’)nɔ¹¹¨brainSgaw (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK330
6882386,2431388²kho◦²nʏʔbrainSgaw507Karenic1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT9640
114538386,2431393khò◦nùʔbrainSgaw (Bassein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
57152386,2431394khò◦nùʔbrainSgaw (Bassein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
14950386,243746kʰo³¹ nu³³brain (marrow)Karen (Sgaw/Hinthada)507Karenic1Dai 89 KarBDQ-KarenB1640
114537386,2431397khóʔ◦nùʔbrainSgaw (Moulmein)507Karenic1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
57151386,2431399khóʔ◦nùʔbrainSgaw (Moulmein)507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS1890
14727386,243747kʰo³¹ nu̱ʔ⁵⁵brain (marrow)Karen (Sgaw/Yue)507Karenic1Dai 89 KarADQ-KarenA1640
38822243,m310nv̩³³ ɕui³³brainBai (Bijiang)518Bai1Xu 84 BaiJZ-Bai0
38957243,m313nv̩³³ ɕui³³brainBai (Dali)518Bai1Xu 84 BaiJZ-Bai0
39089243316no³³brainBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Xu 84 BaiJZ-Bai0
80842243,m309nõ³³ kʰv̩³¹brainBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Zhao 90ZYS-Bai9.10
80568243,m309nõ³³ «kʰv̩³¹»brainBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Zhao 90ZYS-Bai2.50
169735243481nɑ̂u:brainChinese (Old/Mid)539.0.1Old Chinese0Karlgren 57 GSRGSR1244f0
76601243478nagwxbrainChinese (Old)539.0.1Old Chinese0Coblin 86WSC-SH480
31057243466nâubrainChinese (Middle)549.0.2Middle Chinese0Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL490
76602243468nâu:brainChinese (Middle)549.0.2Middle Chinese0Coblin 86WSC-SH48 5
36699243,s1011naau◦tzbrainChinese (Mandarin)559.0.3Modern Chinese0Sun J 85 ChGlJS-Ch940
1702312431007nɑobrainChinese (Mandarin)559.0.3Modern Chinese0Karlgren 57 GSRGSR1244f0
150177m,243459tóu-nǎobrains, intelligenceChinese (Mandarin)559.0.3Modern Chinese0Matisoff 93 PCJAM-II0

Chinese comparandum

腦 OC *nɑ̂u:, GSR #1244f ‘brain’; Coblin 86:48 ST *nukw > OC *nagwx; Schuessler 2007:397 *nâuʔ or *nûʔ; B & S 2011: *nˁuʔ {nˁ[u]ʔ}; Mand. nǎo.


^ 1.
[Source note] (u⁵⁵ ‘head’).
^ 2.
The last syllable (nɛ̂ʔ) probably means ‘wet’ (cf. modern computer slang ‘wet-ware’).
^ 3.
Akha ‘water’.
^ 4.
Phunoi regularly denasalizes.
^ 5.
GSR (p. 316) gives no OC reconstruction, “for lack of Shijing rhyme or Xie-sheng connections.”