6.0 Verbs of Motion, of Manipulation, and of Production > 6.4 Harm

#1018 PTB *g/b-sat KILL

Reconstructed mesoroots below:
rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
771171018168sr+|iatkill*Sino-Tibetan10Sino-Tibetan (previously published reconstructions)0Coblin 86WSC-SH1000
303421018177g-|satkill*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0210
312971018178g-|satkill*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL210
607591018181g-|satkill, hit*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
720061018182g-|satkill, fight, strike*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Benedict 72 STCSTC580
196741018174g-|sɑ̂tkill*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Chou 72ACST319d0
51584910182012g/|b-|satkill*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6120
34106510181800sekillDarang [Taraon]61.1.2Deng1Anonymous xx TarNEFA-Taraon0
42423410181818se⁵⁵killv.Darang [Taraon]61.1.2Deng1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.220
2122661018509se⁵⁵killDarang [Taraon]61.1.2Deng1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.490
42423510181819sɑt⁵⁵killv.Kaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.230
2122911018592sɑt⁵⁵killKaman [Miju]61.1.2Deng1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.480
50042510181920that-I, -thaʔ-IIKILL*Chin81.2Kuki-Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC3940
44344510181930thatkillPaite681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC3940
44344610181927htāt hīkillSizang681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC3940
44344410181926thàt-I, thàa-IIkillThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC3940
4434431018,x,10181925that³ > thaʔ³killTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC3940
443447p,10181928m-satkillvCho (Mindat)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC3940
44344010181947that-I, thaʔ-IIkillLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC3940
44344110181923thàt-INVkillLai (Falam)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC3940
2437031018976thatkillvLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
594541018983thatkill, hitLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
695711018984thatkillLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Benedict 72 STCSTC580
44344210181924thàt-I, thàh-IIkillvLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC3940
61887910182228sətKILL*Ao631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNII.1060
619729m,10182245ka³-sət¹shoot to deathv.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 SuppCNDWB-CNSD0
2436662206,1018270tep◦setkillvAo (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
620123m,10182226təp³-sət¹killv.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 PCNDWB-PCNII.1060
5059252206,10181991tɯ́p◦sɯ̀tkillv.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Temsunungsang 09 AoTT-APPA50
243667m,1018273en◦setkillvAo (Mongsen: Longchang)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
243668m,1018273yak◦setkillvAo (Mongsen: Longchang)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
450911m,10181963hən-sə̀tkill [killed] (possibly 'by hand' + 'kill')v.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
4509102206,10181963təp-sə̀tkill [killed] ('hit' + 'kill')v.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
243678m,1018963sa◦thatkillvLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
243690m,10181364map◦sekillvSangtam631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
243698m,10181672lak◦sakillvYimchungrü631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
2436741018790thatkillvKhoirao641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
243677m,1018906kam◦sadkillvLiangmei641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
24369910181694chatkillvZeme641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
2436832206,10181137dap◦tsetkillvMzieme641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
52897210182031tʰatkill*Tangkhulic661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk5370
525584m,m,10182023ja-kə-tʰejʔkillHuishu661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkVerbs.0360
525098m,m,10182022su-kə-tʰɐtkillKachai661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkVerbs.0290
243693m,10181471sho◦thatkillvTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
30590010181470thitkillTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Bhat 69 TNVBhat-TNV910
30589910181470thətkillTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Bhat 69 TNVBhat-TNV910
621072m,m,10182024ta-kə-tʰekillv.Tusom661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkVerbs.0380
528476p,m,10182025kə-ci-tʰitmake to killUkhrul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
528559p,10182025kə-tʰɐtkillUkhrul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
526636m,m,10182025sa-kə-tʰɐtkillUkhrul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
6957210181068thatkillMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Benedict 72 STCSTC580
695701018534thaikillDimasa801.7.1.1Bodo1Benedict 72 STCSTC580
594531018578sotkill, hitGaro811.7.1.2Garo1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
3032171018579sotkillGaro811.7.1.2Garo1Benedict 72 STCSTC27n840
467418m,1018,m1945ra-sot-akill with knifevtGaro (Bangladesh)811.7.1.2Garo1Burling 03 GaroRB-LMMG6.79-II:idx0
291431018160ʔsotkill*Northern Naga121.7.2Northern Naga/Konyakian1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0210
2437021018669satkillvJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
313731018676sàtkillJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 74 TJLBJAM-TJLB3860
594511018684satkill, hitJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
695681018685satkillJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Benedict 72 STCSTC580
3345051018679sat³¹killJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Liu 84JZ-Jingpo0
42423110181814sat³¹killv.Jingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.190
2122651018690sat³¹killJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.470
4786961018,m1976sat◦kokillv.Baram202.1.1Western Himalayish0Kansakar 10 BaramTRK-Baram1930
21224610181088ɕekillTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.70
29709610181085ɕe⁵⁵killTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
29773810181089shekillTsangla (Tilang)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
29847710181093sot⁵⁵killTshona (Wenlang)222.1.2Bodic1Lu 86 CuoMJZ-CNMenba0
21227010181092sɔt⁵³killTshona (Mama)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.60
42421910181851ɕekillv.Motuo Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.070
4242181018,m1850sɔt⁵³ ta³¹kill / slaughter (an animal)v.Cuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.060
42421710181848psatkillv.Tibetan (Alike)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.050
3631210181584sedkill (pf)Tibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 AmdoJS-Amdo5140
3631010181584sodkillTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 AmdoJS-Amdo5120
3631110181584sʰodkill (imp)Tibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 AmdoJS-Amdo5130
42426410181826sɛʔ⁵³killv.Tibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.030
2690401018,m,m701set-ki-dukqkillTibetan (Jirel)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN01.0620
21224410181380sɛ⁵³killTibetan (Khams:Dege)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.30
21226810181557sɛʔ⁵³killTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.20
42421410181815sɛ⁵²killv.Tibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.020
2690411018,m,m1402se-ki-wiqkillTibetan (Sherpa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN01.0620
2914110181569bsadkill (perfective)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0210
144740131,1018,1018,s1576gnyid sad (gsod)-pawakenTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff PCPC0
2914010181569gsodkillTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0210
3809410181575gsodkillTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 TbGlJS-Tib5120
42426310181804gsodkillv.Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.010
21224310181582gsodkillTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.10
3115710181572gsod-pakillTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL210
5945010181577gsod-pakill, hitTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
6956610181578gsod-pakillTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Benedict 72 STCSTC580
3809510181575sodkill (imp)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 TbGlJS-Tib5130
24370710181564ɣsodkillvTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
42426510181837ɕakill / slaughter (an animal)v.Tibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.040
50553910181988sótkillv.Lepcha212.1.3Lepcha1Plaisier 07 LepchaHP-GL0
1795521018172ᴬsatkill*TGTM232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9300
2690341018,m596sae-mkillGurung232.1.4Tamangish1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN01.0620
661291018,m604sae◦baqkill (fire) / extinguishGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Glover 72 GuVoSIL-Gur0
665551018,m604sae◦baqkill (sacrificial animal)Gurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Glover 72 GuVoSIL-Gur10.B.3.270
646241018,m604səe-mkillGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Glover 72 GuVoSIL-Gur1.620
1683331018,m604səe◦baqkillGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Glover 72 GuVoSIL-Gur2.B.2. 14.0
1795501018600¹sae-killGurung (Ghachok)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9300
799631018999sᴇː³killVManang (Gyaru)232.1.4Tamangish1Nagano 84 ManYN-Man1360
2100410181002³seː-killManang (Prakaa)232.1.4Tamangish1Hoshi 84HM-Prak03490
17955110181003¹seː-killManang (Prakaa)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9300
603410181468sae-killv.Tamang (Bagmati)232.1.4Tamangish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7070
17954510181456¹satkillTamang (Risiangku)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9300
1241531018,s1464sep-pakillv.Tamang (Sahu)232.1.4Tamangish1Taylor 72 TmVoSIL-Sahu13.B.14.a0
1229721018,s1464sep◦pakillv.Tamang (Sahu)232.1.4Tamangish1Taylor 72 TmVoSIL-Sahu1.620
269035m,1018,s1457the sep◦pākillTamang (Sahu)232.1.4Tamangish1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN01.0620
17954610181462¹setkill / to extinguish a fireTamang (Sahu)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9300
1795471018,m1467seː-bakillTamang (Taglung)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9300
2690361018,m1520say-wakillThakali232.1.4Tamangish1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN01.0620
1795481018,m1524seː-wakillThakali (Marpha)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9300
1795491018,m1526⁵⁵'⁴⁴sɛː-bakillThakali (Syang)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis9300
1684011018,m1531sɔj-lɔkillThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Hari 71a ThVoSIL-Thak2.B.2.14 10
678271018,m1531sɔj-wɔkillThakali (Tukche)232.1.4Tamangish1Hari 71a ThVoSIL-Thak1.620
902310181176syat-killNewar (Dolakhali)272.2Newar1Genetti 90 DolaCG-Dolak0
925810181177syat-killNewar (Kathmandu)272.2Newar1Genetti 90 KathCG-Kath0
2690441018,m1166syā◦yekillNewar272.2Newar1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN01.0620
60371018,m1167syā◦yekillv.Newar272.2Newar1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7070
3041251018,m1175syā◦yekillNewar272.2Newar1Benedict 72 STCSTC103n2940
4781971018,m1975sed-uekillAthpare (Rai)312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Ebert 97 AthpareKE-GA0
47819610181975set-killAthpare (Rai)312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Ebert 97 AthpareKE-GA0
4779591455,34,m,1018,m1975ŋa◦sa-ka◦set◦pafishermanAthpare (Rai)312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Ebert 97 AthpareKE-GA0
758781018911sEr- (sEt)killv.Limbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Michailovsky 89 LmBM-Lim0
60381018,m910sɛp◦makillv.Limbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7070
60391018,m910sɛr-(u)killv.Limbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7070
60401018,m952sep◦makillv.Lohorong312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7070
60411018,m952ser◦ɛkillv.Lohorong312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7070
34381010181801seTkillvBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 85 BnDsNKR-Bant0
60431018,m423soi-d-killv.Chamling762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7070
60421018,m423soi◦makillv.Chamling762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7070
618481018,m822set-ukillv.Kulung762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 75 KulRPHH-Kul0
735011018,m547set◦nɨkilled, get killed <kill>Dumi772.3.3Central Kiranti1Driem 93 DumiSVD-Dum0
14699810181545set-kill, to extinguish (light), to blunt (blade);v.Thulung302.3.4Western Kiranti1Allen 75NJA-Thulung0
48659531,10181977hmeʔ sat-put out, extinguish, quench firevt.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
60361018442sat-killv.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT7070
48659410181977sat-kill, catch (and kill); finish off (ext.)vt.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
633981018,m449sat-sakillChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep2.B.2. 14a0
2690451018,m441sāt.sākillChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN01.0620
633971018,m449sət-sakillChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep1.620
2690371018,m990saT-kekillMagar282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN01.0620
2122761018561sɿ⁵⁵killErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.180
42422810181811se⁵⁵killv.Guiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.160
2122501018595se⁵⁵killGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.170
424227m,10181810nɐ³³ sɐ⁵³killv.Muya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.150
21224910181136sɐ⁵⁵killMuya [Minyak]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.150
42422210181805sə⁵⁵killv.Pumi (Jiulong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.100
424221m,10181853thə¹³suɛ¹³kill / slaughter (an animal)v.Pumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.090
212248m,10181306thə¹³sɛ¹³killPumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.110
212272m,10181309nə³⁵sɛ³⁵killPumi (Taoba)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.100
3358510181315tṣhukillQiang (ChiuTzuYing)343.2Qiangic1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
5115561018,10181996tsò tsókill (person)Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang22970
5115581018,10181996tsò tsókill (chicken)Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang22980
5945610181318tʃəkill, hitQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
42422010181852tʃəkillv.Qiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.080
21227110181320tʃəkillQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.80
5115571018,m1997tsɨ̀ tɕákill (person)Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang22970
5115591018,m1997tsɨ̀ tɕákill (chicken)Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang22980
21224710181323tʃɿ³³killQiang (Taoping)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.90
212275m,10181699lə³⁵sɛ⁵⁵killQueyu (Yajiang) [Zhaba]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.160
42422910181812si⁵⁵kill (a person)v.Xumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.170
21227710181409si⁵⁵killXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.200
424226m,10181809kʌ³³ she⁵⁵killv.Zhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.140
42426710181809she⁵⁵killv.Zhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.140
2122741018557ntɕikillErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.140
42422410181807shɛkill (a person)v.Daofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.120
212273p,10181340ka ntʃhakillrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.120
331088p,10181797kɐ-ntʃʰekillCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
424223m,10181806kɑ sɑtkillv.rGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.110
329743m,10181796ka satkillrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag1920
6956710181205satkillAnong384Nungic1Benedict 72 STCSTC580
50286010181982ʃatkillRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang14140
42423210181816sɑt⁵⁵killv.Dulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.200
2122901018537sɑt⁵⁵killTrung [Dulong]384Nungic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.460
594481018539saat⁵⁵kill, hitTrung [Dulong] (Dulonghe)384Nungic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
594491018541sat⁵⁵kill, hitTrung [Dulong] (Nujiang)384Nungic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
2994491018540sɑ̆t⁵⁵killTrung [Dulong] (Nujiang)384Nungic1Sun H 82 DulJZ-Dulong0
167886p,1018146C-satkill*Lolo-Burmese426.1Lolo-Burmese1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
3039821018149satkill*Lolo-Burmese426.1Lolo-Burmese1Benedict 72 STCSTC88n2590
594591018203saʔ⁵⁵kill, hitAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
2881381018201sɑʔ⁵⁵killAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
594571018206sat⁵⁵kill, hitAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
42424010181824sat⁵⁵killv.Achang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.280
2873141018207sat⁵⁵killAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
594581018208sat⁵⁵kill, hitAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
4242411018,m1825sat⁵⁵ phut⁵⁵killv.Achang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.290
42424410181829sɛ̱ʔ⁵⁵killv.Bola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.320
2437001018392satkillvBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1341341018394satkillBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL5360
291421018397satkillBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0210
311551018400satkillBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL210
4377021018406satstop; killBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
594521018407satkill, hitBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB960
695691018409satkillBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC580
42424310181828sɛ̱ʔ⁵⁵killv.Langsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.310
42424510181830sa̱ːt⁵⁵killv.Leqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.330
21226310181034sɛ̱ʔ⁵⁵killMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.430
42424210181827sat²¹killv.Atsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.300
21228810181693sat⁵⁵killAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.420
1422581018586si⁵³killGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 91 TB15DHFRL0
42425910181845si⁵³killv.Gazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.470
2922631018879sjìqkill / slaughterLalo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Björverud 94SB-Lalo0
3358410181152si 55|killNasu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
33540710181219sɛ̱⁵³killNusu (Northern)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun J 86 NusuJZ-Nusu0
33630810181220sɑ̱⁵³killNusu (Southern)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun J 86 NusuJZ-Nusu0
42424610181831sɚ̱⁵³killv.Nusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.340
21227810181658se¹³killYi (Dafang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.220
46384010181962si⁵⁵kill (using a knife); slaughter; stab; warYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
21225410181662xo²¹killYi (Mile)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.250
21228010181663ɕi̱²¹killYi (Mojiang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.260
42424910181834se̱⁵⁵killv.Yi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.370
21227910181664se̱⁵⁵killYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.240
21225310181666ɕi̱²¹killYi (Nanjian)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.230
42424810181833ɕɪ̱²¹killv.Yi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.360
42425010181835xu³³killv.Yi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.380
42424710181832si⁵⁵kill (a person)v.Yi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.350
335771018214xo 21|killAhi476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
3012831018700se⁵⁵killJinuo (Youle)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
2122841018696se⁵⁵killJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.340
42425610181842sɛ⁵⁵killv.Jinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.440
47720910181969ɕi55killKucong476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 09 KucongDC-Kucong0
2755822264,1018946hã³³seʔ²¹kill the spirit (in traditiona society)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2803021018946seʔ²¹kill; execute; slaughterVLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
42425210181838se̱³¹killv.Lisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.400
2122551018942se⁴¹killLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.270
335811018930sye6killLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
2856531018943sye⁶killv.Lisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
2858721018943sye⁶murder / killv.Lisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
2851241018,m943sye⁶ (krgh³)destroy (kill)Lisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
3357810181368xa 11|killSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
42425110181836xɒ¹¹killv.Yi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.390
335761018234seh LS|killAkha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
313741018233seh˰killAkha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 74 TJLBJAM-TJLB3860
1378071018244sɛ̀qkillAkha (Yunnan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL5360
1378061018243sɛ̀qkillAkha (Thai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL5360
1341351018228sɛ̀qkillAkha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL5360
335821018341sɛ 21|killBisu486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
1420581018346sɛ̀killBisu486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Bradley 9x BisuDB-Bisu0
335801018631se 21c|killHani (Hu T’an)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
335791018632še 33|killHani (Kao Hua-Nien)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
2122571018510se̱³¹killHani (Dazhai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.310
1378091018633sɛ̀q ?killHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL5360
42425310181839se̱³¹killv.Hani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.410
13781110181299sjỳqkillHani (Pijo)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL5360
2122821018418sɿ̄³¹killHani (Caiyuan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.300
3003451018630sɛ̱³¹killHani (Gelanghe)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Li Yongsui 86 HaniJZ-Hani0
1378081018635seivqkillHani (Wordlist)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL5360
21228310181416si̱³¹killHani (Shuikui)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.320
1378101018784sjɛ̀qkillHani (Khatu)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL5360
42425410181840si̱³¹killv.Hani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.420
13413910181115səʔ¹killMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL5360
43582210181120sɤʔ¹killv.Mpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Srinuan 76SD-MPD0
45908310181968sḭ21killv.Sila486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Kato 08 LaoKT-LPDR1240
3358310181635ši 33|killWoni486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1240
2122601018311ɕɑ⁴⁴killBai (Bijiang)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.370
32617510181793sia 2kill, toBai (Dali)518Bai1Dell 81Dell-Bai4200
2122591018314ɕɑ⁴⁴killBai (Dali)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.350
42426010181846ɕɑ̱³³killv.Bai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1602.480
2122851018317ɕɑ⁴⁴killBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC633.360
61154410182207killChinese (Hanzi)529Sinitic1BaxterSagart 2011WHBLS-201123920
61154510182207diminishChinese (Hanzi)529Sinitic1BaxterSagart 2011WHBLS-201123930
291441018474sǎtkillChinese (Old)539.0.1Old Chinese0Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0210
311561018475satkillChinese (Old)539.0.1Old Chinese0Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL210
2953391018471srjatkillChinese (Old)539.0.1Old Chinese0Baxter 92WHB-OC10210
2914510182118ṣǎtkillChinese (Middle)549.0.2Middle Chinese0Matisoff 85 GSTCJAM-GSTC0210

Chinese comparandum

殺 OC *sɑ̆t, GSR #319d-e ‘kill’; Schuessler 2007:452 *srât; B & S 2011: *s‹r›at; Mand. shā.