2.0 Animals and Animal Verbs > 2.1 Animals of the Chinese Zodiac > 2.1.12 Porcine

#1006 PTB *pʷak PIG

Reconstructed mesoroots below:

This etymon is a prime example of the alternation between labial stop and semi-vowel, motivating the reconstruction of an “extrusional” proto-cluster . Cf. Matisoff 2000, “An extrusional approach to *p-/w- variation in Sino-Tibetan.” Language and Linguistics (Taipei) 1.2:135-186.

Several Tibetan dialects (e.g. Alike, Amdo Zeku, Xiahe) have developed initial h‑ in this word; some Naga languages have gone further, and have zero-initial. The development of *p‑ to h‑ is also characteristic of Japanese; Irish aithir from PIE pətér has gone the whole way from p‑ to zero.

rnanalysislgidreflexglossgfnlanguagegrpidgrpnogrpgeneticcitationsrcabbrsrcidrn
772911006168pr+wag|pig*Sino-Tibetan10Sino-Tibetan (previously published reconstructions)0Coblin 86WSC-SH1170
312891006178p-|wakpig*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL290
81871006175pakpig*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT6930
719911006182pakpig*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Benedict 72 STCSTC430
195281006174pwaksow / pig*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Chou 72ACST39d0
81881006175pwakpig*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT6930
1459121006181pwakpig*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
772941006183pwakpig*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Coblin 86WSC-SH1180
52922910062032pʷakpig*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
51568710062012pʷakpig*Tibeto-Burman20.1Tibeto-Burman (previously published reconstructions)0Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB6080
1573391006,m498*pʰak-kaŋpigstyDamu741.1.1.2Eastern Tani1Sun J 93 TaniJS-Tani0
50119310061920wokPIG*Chin81.2Kuki-Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
44728210061927vokpigSizang681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
44728110061926vòʔpigThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
29267310061509vóʔpigThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Thirumalai 72THI1972140
2929091006,m1509vóʔ◦cʌ̀lpigThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Thirumalai 72THI1972300
29317510061509vɔ́ʔpigThado681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Thirumalai 72THI1972470
3136606093,10061778gam² vok¹wild boarTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB3090
315081m,10061778saːi² vok¹big boarTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB15260
44728010061925vok³pigTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
31560210061778vok³pigTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB19610
32827510061794ˍvokpignTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Henderson 65 TidCEJAH-TC0
3282761006,m1794ˍvok◦ˋgɔːlfence (pig)n+nTiddim681.2.1.1Northern Chin1Henderson 65 TidCEJAH-TC0
44728510061948pigAsho691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
44925410061957wokpigChinbon691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL530
44728310061928vawkpigCho (Mindat)691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
44728410061949wɔkpigDaai691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
44728610061929ewpigKhumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
44981510061959ɛᵘkpigKhumi691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL530
44953610061958okpigMatu691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL530
44953510061958wokpigMatu691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL530
44902110061956vɔkpigMkaang691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL530
44875210061955wɔkpigNgmüün691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL530
44849210061954vɔkpigNyhmoye691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL530
45009510061960ɔˀpigWakung691.2.1.2Southern Plains Chin1So-Hartmann 88 ChinHSH-SCL530
44727710061947vokpigLai (Hakha)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
44727810061923vòkpigLai (Falam)701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
2571271006976vawkpig (domestic)Lushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
44727910061924vàwkdomestic pig, a pig, swinenLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
31560110061779vokdomestic pigLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Bhaskararao 96 CDBPB-CLDB19610
601391006983vokpigLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
763771006986vokswine, pigLushai [Mizo]701.2.2Central Chin1Coblin 86WSC-SH1170
44727610061921vāopig, domestic pignLakher [Mara]711.2.3Maraic1VanBik 09 PKCKVB-PKC11620
1686961006,m805vok◦hətusk (of elephant, boar)Kom Rem721.2.4“Old Kuki”0Toba 91 KRQT-KomRQ3.10.60
25710510061019hokpig (domestic)Maring111.3“Naga” Areal Group0Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
2570941006270akpig (domestic)Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
61967710062245ak³¹pig (domestic)n.Ao (Chungli)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Bruhn 14 SuppCNDWB-CNSD0
257095p,1006273a◦okpig (domestic)Ao (Mongsen: Longchang)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
4511131006,341963áwk-sàʔpork ('pig' + 'meat')n.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
451087p,10061963[a]-úkpig, domesticn.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
451088p,1006,m1963[a]-úk təhlapig, domestic boarn.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
451089p,1006,m,m1963[a]-úk [tə]-jipig, domestic sow ('pig' + 'mother')n.Ao (Mongsen: Mangmetong)631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Coupe 07 AoARC-GMA0
3169371006,m961wók◦òpigLotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Acharya 75ACH19750
2571021006,m963wok◦oropig (domestic)Lotha Naga631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL 4
25712110061640akpig (domestic)Yacham-Tengsa631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257122p,10061672a◦popig (domestic)Yimchungrü631.3.1Central Naga (Ao Group)1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257092p,1006252the◦ropig (domestic)Angami (Khonoma)651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL 5
167205p,1006,803256the³¹ vo¹¹ nhü³¹snoutAngami (Kohima)651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Nienu 90 AngQVN-AngQ3.5.50
257093p,1006254the◦ropig (domestic)Angami (Kohima)651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
167394p,1006,m,442487thü³¹ vo¹¹ hü³¹ tso³⁵snoutChokri651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Nienu 90 ChoQVN-ChkQ3.5.50
257097p,1006486thü◦vopig (domestic)Chokri651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257098p,1006750e◦vopig (domestic)Khezha651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257103p,10061017o◦vopig (domestic)Mao651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257106p,10061050a◦vupig (domestic)Meluri651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257111p,10061196a◦vüpig (domestic)Ntenyi651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257114p,10061335te◦bwapig (domestic)Rengma651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257116p,10061382a◦wopig (domestic)Sema [Sumi]651.3.2Angami-Pochuri Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
2570991006790wokpig (domestic)Khoirao641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257101p,1006906ka◦bakpig (domestic)Liangmei641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257104p,10061018a◦wakpig (domestic)Maram641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
25711310061301bokpig (domestic)Puiron641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
234527p,10061348gə◦wàkpigRongmei / Nruanghmei641.3.3Zeme Group1Matisoff 94 RongJAM-Rong0
69444p,1006556gə◦bakpigZeme641.3.3Zeme Group1Benedict 72 STCSTC430
257123p,10061694ke◦bakpig (domestic)Zeme641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
257107p,10061137he◦bakpig (domestic)Mzieme641.3.3Zeme Group1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
52899910062031hwokpig*Tangkhulic661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk5660
526388m,10062029a-vakhogChamphung661.3.4Tangkhulic1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
525200m,10062023ʔa-huʔpigHuishu661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkAnimals.0260
524772m,10062022ʔa-fakpigKachai661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkAnimals.0260
30617610061470hokpigTangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Bhat 69 TNVBhat-TNV940
25711710061471hokpig (domestic)Tangkhul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
52620410062026hokhogTankghul (Central)661.3.4Tangkhulic1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
52626610062027hokhogTangkhul (Northern)661.3.4Tangkhulic1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
52632710062028hokhogTangkhul (Standard)661.3.4Tangkhulic1Brown 37 IndoBRO18370
62049610062024xupigTusom661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkAnimals.0260
6204981006,25592024xu-pvɯpig, femaleTusom661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-TkAnimals.0280
52589810062025hokpigUkhrul661.3.4Tangkhulic1Mortensen 12 TkDRM-Tk0
25712810061041okpig (domestic)Meithei131.4Meithei1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
25712910061062phakpig (domestic)Mikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
6013510061067phakpigMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
7637410061069phakswine, pigMikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Coblin 86WSC-SH1170
2571461006,m1062phak◦lengpig (wild)Mikir [Karbi]141.5Mikir [Karbi]1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
53329010062064wakpig*Bodo-Garo161.7.1Bodo-Garo1Burling 59 PBoRB-PB4430
561291006803wauʔpigKokborok801.7.1.1Bodo1Tripuri 88PT-Kok0
561281006,41803wauʔ-kʰanporkKokborok801.7.1.1Bodo1Tripuri 88PT-Kok0
601381006578wakpigGaro811.7.1.2Garo1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
763761006580wakswine, pigGaro811.7.1.2Garo1Coblin 86WSC-SH1170
46799410061945wakpignGaro (Bangladesh)811.7.1.2Garo1Burling 03 GaroRB-LMMG5.35-II:idx0
4679951006,221945wak be•-enporknGaro (Bangladesh)811.7.1.2Garo1Burling 03 GaroRB-LMMG5.401-II:idx0
47637710061973wakpig, porknAtong821.7.1.3Koch1van Breugel 08 AtongSVB-GA0
4763831006,m1973wak◦nokdomestic pignAtong821.7.1.3Koch1van Breugel 08 AtongSVB-GA0
4763841006,m1973wak◦nolpigstynAtong821.7.1.3Koch1van Breugel 08 AtongSVB-GA0
4763851006,m1973wak◦palyngwild pignAtong821.7.1.3Koch1van Breugel 08 AtongSVB-GA0
790581006161wakpig*Northern Naga121.7.2Northern Naga/Konyakian1French 83WTF-PNN5320
25710810061188vakpig (domestic)Nocte841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
3114441006,16241192vak◦lamale pigNocte841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1French 83WTF-PNN5200
25711810061489vakpig (domestic)Tangsa (Moshang)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
25711910061490vakpig (domestic)Tangsa (Yogli)841.7.2.1Tangsa-Nocte1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
2570961006429okpig (domestic)Chang851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
781811006,22435ok pʰeporkChang851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1French 83WTF-PNN5220
3114471006,1624,m435ok◦lo◦šoudomestic boarChang851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1French 83WTF-PNN5200
2571001006807akpig (domestic)Konyak851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
25711210061281okpig (domestic)Phom851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
48803910061978ok⁵⁵pigPhom851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Burling 98 PhomBP-PPWL0
25712010061628vakpig (domestic)Wancho851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
3114451006,16241632vak◦laboarWancho851.7.2.2Konyak-Chang1French 83WTF-PNN5200
303015p,1006665tə◦wakpigJili371.7.3.1Jingpho1Benedict 72 STCSTC14n500
69442p,1006665tə◦wakpigJili371.7.3.1Jingpho1Benedict 72 STCSTC430
2571261006669wapig (domestic)Jingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
3030141006685wapigJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Benedict 72 STCSTC14n500
314021006676wáʔpigJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Matisoff 74 TJLBJAM-TJLB3740
601361006684waʔpigJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
763751006687waʔswine, pigJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Coblin 86WSC-SH1170
3340521006679waʔ³¹pigJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Liu 84JZ-Jingpo0
35982210061814waʔ³¹pignJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.190
1858471006690waʔ³¹pigJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.470
3844461006,m,25011814waʔ³¹ (ʃă³¹niŋ³³)year of the pignJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.190
3708411006,m1814waʔ³¹ loŋ³¹pigsty / pen (hog)nJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.190
3599261006,m,m1814waʔ³¹kă³¹nu³¹sownJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.190
3599771006,m,m1814waʔ³¹kă³¹ʃa³¹pigletnJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.190
3600271006,5721814waʔ³¹khji⁵⁵dung (pig)nJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.190
3598761006,m1814waʔ³¹la³¹boarnJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.190
3340641006,m679waʔ³¹tu³¹boarJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Liu 84JZ-Jingpo0
3612671006,m1814waʔ³¹tu³¹boar (wild)nJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.190
1864591006,m690waʔ³¹tu³¹boarJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.470
3342851006,m679waʔ³¹ʃat³¹feedJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Liu 84JZ-Jingpo0
3685361006,m1814waʔ³¹ʃat³¹feed (pig) / pigwashnJingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.190
2571441006,m669wa◦dupig (wild)Jingpho371.7.3.1Jingpho1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
45219510061964vaʔpigSak401.7.3.2Asakian1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak304-60
4522891006,m,m1964vaʔ+ʃi+roŋbrown (lit. pig-feces-color)Sak401.7.3.2Asakian1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak338a0
601461006,m1087phak◦papigTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB163 6
1858281006,m1088phak◦papigTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.70
2966401006,m1085pʻak⁵⁵pa⁵⁵pigTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
2966506076,1006,s1085ri¹³pʻak⁵⁵pa⁵⁵boarTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
1864406076,m,1006,s1088ri◦ɕi-phak◦paboarTsangla (Motuo)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.70
2974701006,m1089phak-papigTsangla (Tilang)222.1.2Bodic1Zhang Jichuan 86JZ-CLMenba0
298056m,10061093peŋ⁵⁵phɑk⁵⁵boarTshona (Wenlang)222.1.2Bodic1Lu 86 CuoMJZ-CNMenba0
29804410061093phɑ⁵⁵pigTshona (Wenlang)222.1.2Bodic1Lu 86 CuoMJZ-CNMenba0
6014510061091phaʔ⁵³pigTshona (Mama)222.1.2Bodic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
18585210061092phᴀʔ⁵³pigTshona (Mama)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.60
1864646076,10061092ri¹³phᴀʔ⁵³boarTshona (Mama)222.1.2Bodic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.60
3598101006,m1851phak papignMotuo Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.070
3708731006,m,m,m1851phak pa tɕur kaŋpigsty / pen (hog)nMotuo Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.070
38443410061851phaʔyear of the pignMotuo Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.070
3612556076,m,1006,s1851ri ɕi phak paboar (wild)nMotuo Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.070
3599131619,10061850mɔ⁵³phaʔ⁵³sownCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.060
35980910061850phaʔ⁵³pignCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.060
3708281006,m1850phaʔ⁵³ tsaŋ⁵³pigsty / pen (hog)nCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.060
3685231006,m1850phaʔ⁵³tɕaʔ⁵³feed (pig) / pigwashnCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.060
3599641006,m1850phaʔ⁵³tʂuʔ⁵³pigletnCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.060
3600141006,25201850phaʔ⁵³ȵen⁵³dung (pig)nCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.060
359863m,10061850phɔ⁵³phaʔ⁵³boarnCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.060
3612546076,10061850ri³⁵phaʔ⁵³boar (wild)nCuona Menba222.1.2Bodic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.060
35980810061848hakpignTibetan (Alike)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.050
3708271006,m1848hak rapigsty / pen (hog)nTibetan (Alike)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.050
3612536076,10061848rə hakboar (wild)nTibetan (Alike)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.050
18585110061550hakpigTibetan (Amdo:Bla-brang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.40
1864631006,m1550hak golboarTibetan (Amdo:Bla-brang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.40
3654710061584hagpigTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 AmdoJS-Amdo7490
358791006,m1584hag godboarTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 AmdoJS-Amdo810
18582710061585hakpigTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.50
1864391006,m1585hak golboarTibetan (Amdo:Zeku)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.50
129061006,803329phaʔ⁵⁵ n̥a⁵⁵snout (pig)Tibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Dai 89 BataDQ-Batang3.5.50
3977951006,m,m1826(phɑʔ⁵³)◦dʑɑ⁵⁵pa⁵³fat (pig)Tibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1025.030
3599101619,10061826mᴜ¹³phɑʔ⁵³sownTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.030
3599611006,m1826pha⁵⁵tʂuʔ⁵³pigletnTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.030
35980610061826phɑʔ⁵³pignTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.030
38443010061826phɑʔ⁵³year of the pignTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.030
3612511006,m1826phɑ⁵⁵gøʔ⁵³boar (wild)nTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.030
3708251006,m1826phɑ⁵⁵tshõ⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.030
3685201006,m1826phɑ⁵⁵tɕhɛ⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.030
3600111006,5771826phɑ⁵⁵tɕɑʔ⁵³dung (pig)nTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.030
359860m,10061826phᴜ⁵³phɑʔ⁵³boarnTibetan (Batang)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.030
59421006,s1551phāk◦papigTibetan (Central)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT6930
2701326076,1006,m701'ri+phāk◦pāqboarnTibetan (Jirel)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0420
2701191006,m701phāk-pāqhognTibetan (Jirel)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0410
2679141006,m,m701phāk◦p-eq khorqhouse (hog)nTibetan (Jirel)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN06a.100
18582610061380phɑʔ⁵³pigTibetan (Khams:Dege)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.30
1864381006,m1380phɑ⁵⁵gø⁵³boarTibetan (Khams:Dege)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.30
1858501006,m1557phak⁵³pa⁵³pigTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.20
3600101006,5771815phak⁵⁵ca⁵²dung (pig)nTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.020
3598051006,m1815phak⁵⁵pa⁵⁵pignTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.020
3685191006,m1815phak⁵⁵to⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.020
3708241006,m1815phak⁵⁵tshaŋ⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.020
3612501006,m1815phaː⁵⁵kø⁵²boar (wild)nTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.020
3599091006,m1815phaː⁵⁵mo⁵⁵ (mo¹³pha⁵²)sownTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.020
38442910061815pha⁵²year of the pignTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.020
359859m,10061815pho⁵⁵pha⁵²boarnTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.020
3599601006,m1815phək⁵⁵tʂhu⁵²pigletnTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.020
1864626076,10061557ri¹³phaʔ⁵³boarTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.20
3612996076,10061815ri¹³pha⁵²boar (wild)nTibetan (Lhasa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.020
2679151006,m,m1402'phok◦p-i khangbāhouse (hog)nTibetan (Sherpa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN06a.100
270133m,m,1006,m1402pang-i phak◦pāboarnTibetan (Sherpa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0420
2701201006,m1402phak◦pāhognTibetan (Sherpa)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0410
4296891006,m,951804(phag phrug) skjebirth, give to (piglets)v.Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1717.010
4163551006,m,m1804(phag skad) rgjaggrunt (of pigs)v.Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1433.010
3977931006,40,m1804(phag) rgjags pafat (pig)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1025.010
233219m,10061567lúŋ-pʻɑghog (tame) (W.)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
359908m,10061804mo phagsownTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.010
232971m,10061567mó-pʻɑgsowTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
25713010061564phagpig (domestic)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
3113110061572phagpigTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL290
3833210061575phagpigTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 TbGlJS-Tib7490
6013410061577phagpigTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
35980410061804phagpignTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.010
38442810061804phagyear of the pignTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.010
7637210061580phagswine, pigTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Coblin 86WSC-SH1170
3685181006,m1804phag ltofeed (pig) / pigwashnTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.010
3600091006,5781804phag luddung (pig)nTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.010
1858251006,m1582phag papigTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.10
3599591006,m1804phag phrugpigletnTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.010
3612491006,m1804phag rgodboar (wild)nTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.010
3708231006,m1804phag tshaŋpigsty / pen (hog)nTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.010
376631006,m1575phag.rgodboarTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun J 85 TbGlJS-Tib810
359858m,10061804pho phagboarnTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.010
1197371006,6351568pʻag-mc̀ʻetusk (of boar)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Matisoff 87 BPJAM-Ety0
232970m,10061567pʻó-pʻɑgboar (castrated)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
23296710061567pʻɑgswine / hog / pigTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
2332571006,m1567pʻɑg-mosowTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
2332561006,m1567pʻɑg-mɑhog (gelded)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
2332631006,m1567pʻɑg-pʻrúgpig (young)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
2332511006,m1567pʻɑg-rgódboar (wild)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
2332601006,341567pʻɑg-s̀ɑporkTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
2332621006,m1567pʻɑg-tʻúŋboar (large) (?)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
232969m,10061567pʻɑ́-pʻɑgboar (not castrated)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
2329681006,m1567pʻɑ́g-pɑswine / hog / pigTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
1864376076,10061582ri phagboarTibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.10
2332186076,10061567rí-pʻɑgboar (wild) (W.)Tibetan (Written)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Jäschke 1881HAJ-TED0
35980710061837haχpignTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.040
38443110061837haχyear of the pignTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.040
3612521006,m1837haχ golboar (wild)nTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.040
3685211006,m1837haχ htofeed (pig) / pigwashnTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.040
3600121006,5771837haχ htəχdung (pig)nTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.040
3708261006,m1837haχ khaŋpigsty / pen (hog)nTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.040
3599581006,16191837haχ masownTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.040
3599621006,m1837haχ tʂəχpigletnTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.040
359861m,10061837ho haχboarnTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.040
3599111619,10061837mo haχsownTibetan (Xiahe)242.1.2.1Tibetan1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.040
1768291006172ᴮɖwapig*TGTM232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis4220
802201006999taː⁴pigManang (Gyaru)232.1.4Tamangish1Nagano 84 ManYN-Man304-060
594110061468baːʱpigTamang (Bagmati)232.1.4Tamangish1Weidert 87 TBToAW-TBT693 7
17682710061456⁴ʈwapigTamang (Risiangku)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis4220
17682810061467⁴ʈwapigTamang (Taglung)232.1.4Tamangish1Mazaudon 94 TheseMM-Thesis4220
323799m,10061789ban phāpig (wild)Newar272.2Newar1Genetti 90 NeQ2CG-NewariQ20
323800m,m,10061789cicā ban phāhog (pygmy)Newar272.2Newar1Genetti 90 NeQ2CG-NewariQ20
27012310061166phāhognNewar272.2Newar1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0410
887910061176phapigNewar (Dolakhali)272.2Newar1Genetti 90 DolaCG-Dolak0
911110061177phapigNewar (Kathmandu)272.2Newar1Genetti 90 KathCG-Kath0
32379810061789phāpigNewar272.2Newar1Genetti 90 NeQ2CG-NewariQ20
2679181006,m1166phā-ga(l)house (hog)nNewar272.2Newar1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN06a.100
53335110062068ʔpakpig*Kiranti292.3Kiranti1Opgenort 11 TilungJRO-Tilung0
478064m,10061975chuŋ-phaksmall pig (only ritual?)Athpare (Rai)312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Ebert 97 AthpareKE-GA0
477916m,10061975nam◦bhakboar (cf. phak)Athpare (Rai)312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Ebert 97 AthpareKE-GA0
47806010061975phakpigAthpare (Rai)312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Ebert 97 AthpareKE-GA0
4780631006,m1975phak-khorapig-styAthpare (Rai)312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Ebert 97 AthpareKE-GA0
4780611006,m1975phak◦ciletpigletAthpare (Rai)312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Ebert 97 AthpareKE-GA0
4780621006,341975phak◦saporkAthpare (Rai)312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Ebert 97 AthpareKE-GA0
750011006911phakpigLimbu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Michailovsky 89 LmBM-Lim0
1323121006,m,p,803,8061644pak◦ka u◦na◦buʔsnoutYakha312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Kohn 90TK-Yakha3.5.50
4995271006,m1873ak◦mapignYamphu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Rutgers 98RR-Yamphu524.130
4995291006,m,341873ak◦ma◦saporknYamphu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Rutgers 98RR-Yamphu524.160
4995301006,m,m1873ak◦pa◦sapiglet, small pignYamphu312.3.1Eastern Kiranti1Rutgers 98RR-Yamphu524.180
34458610061801bakpigBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 85 BnDsNKR-Bant0
3445881006,m1801bak◦aikhuNpig troughBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 85 BnDsNKR-Bant0
3445891006,1619,16191801bak◦ma◦masownBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 85 BnDsNKR-Bant0
3445901006,341801bak◦saporkBantawa762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 85 BnDsNKR-Bant0
2717511006426bohogChamling762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Winter 85WW-Cham0
2717521006,m426bok◦hOrpigstyChamling762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Winter 85WW-Cham0
2717531006,m426bo◦sehogChamling762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Winter 85WW-Cham0
2718171006,m426pak◦hÕpig fodderChamling762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Winter 85WW-Cham0
615701006822bopigKulung762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 75 KulRPHH-Kul0
615721006,m822bok◦khoŋˍpig troughKulung762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 75 KulRPHH-Kul0
615731006,34822bok◦sapork <pig>Kulung762.3.2Southern Kiranti1Rai 75 KulRPHH-Kul0
733331006547pokopork; suṅgur-ko māsuDumi772.3.3Central Kiranti1Driem 93 DumiSVD-Dum0
733311006547poʔopig, swineDumi772.3.3Central Kiranti1Driem 93 DumiSVD-Dum0
733321006,34547poʔo◦supork; suṅgur-ko māsuDumi772.3.3Central Kiranti1Driem 93 DumiSVD-Dum0
2701221006752'pohognKhaling772.3.3Central Kiranti1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0410
2679171006,1612752'po◦kamhouse (hog)nKhaling772.3.3Central Kiranti1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN06a.100
1209821006641pʊkpignHayu302.3.4Western Kiranti1Michailovsky 89 H2BM-Hay84.1980
27012110061433po:hognSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0410
2679161006,p,m1433po: ā kho:rhouse (hog)nSunwar302.3.4Western Kiranti1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN06a.100
490661006,16341545be◦phaboar, male pigThulung302.3.4Western Kiranti1Allen 75NJA-Thulung0
4901910061545boapigThulung302.3.4Western Kiranti1Allen 75NJA-Thulung0
496931006,m1545boa◦jampig-foodThulung302.3.4Western Kiranti1Allen 75NJA-Thulung0
2701241006441pyākhognChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0410
48381910061977pyakpign.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
4838231006,m,m1977pyak.sat.poŋinsect (sp.), said to cause the death of a pig if it climbs on itn.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
4837651006,m,m1977pyak.sat.poŋinsect (sp.), said to cause the death of pigsn.Chepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 00 ChepangRC-DOC0
633111006449pyəkhogChepang282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Caughley 72 CVocSIL-Chep3.A.410
2701171006759'u:hognKham282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0410
2679131006,m759'u: 'khorhouse (hog)nKham282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN06a.100
3033641006997hwak / wakpigMagar282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Benedict 72 STCSTC35n1140
2701161006990wākhognMagar282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN03a.0410
2679121006,m990wāk khorhouse (hog)nMagar282.4Kham-Magar-Chepang1Hale 73 CSDAH-CSDPN06a.100
46828710061970wapig, hog, swineTangut [Xixia]333.1Tangut1Li 97 TangutLFW199702940
1858581006561vɛ⁵⁵pigErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.180
1864701006,m561vɛ⁵⁵tsɿ⁵⁵boarErsu343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.180
35981910061811pha⁵⁵pignGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.160
38444310061811pha⁵⁵year of the pignGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.160
3612641006,m1811pha⁵⁵gui⁵⁵boar (wild)nGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.160
3600241006,m1811pha⁵⁵nɔ̃³¹dung (pig)nGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.160
3598731006,m1811pha⁵⁵pi⁵⁵boarnGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.160
3599741006,m,m1811pha⁵⁵tsi⁵⁵tsi⁵⁵pigletnGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.160
3685331006,m1811pha⁵⁵zi⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.160
3599231006,m1811pha⁵⁵ŋi⁵⁵sownGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.160
1858321006595phɑ⁵³pigGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.170
1864441006,m595phɑ⁵⁵gui⁵⁵boarGuiqiong343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.170
38444510061813pha³³year of the pignLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.180
35985710061813pha³¹pignLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.180
3599761006,m1813ɣu³³ju̵⁵³pigletnLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.180
3685351006,m1813ɣu³³khæ⁵³feed (pig) / pigwashnLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.180
3599251006,16191813ɣu³³mæ⁵³sownLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.180
3598751006,m1813ɣu³³nphæ⁵³boarnLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.180
35982110061813ɣu³⁵pignLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.180
3844781006,60681813ɣu³⁵ (lu̵⁵³)year of the pignLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.180
3612661006,m1813ɣu³⁵tɕi⁵³boar (wild)nLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.180
3708401006,m1813ɣu⁵³gi⁵³pigsty / pen (hog)nLyuzu343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.180
3612631006,m1810phɑ⁵⁵gø⁵³boar (wild)nMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.150
3599731006,m,m1810βə²⁴rə⁵⁵qo⁵³pigletnMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.150
3599221006,16191810βə³³mɐ⁵³sownMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.150
3708371006,m1810βɐ³³tɕe⁵³pigsty / pen (hog)nMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.150
3598721006,m1810βɐ³³ʁo⁵³boarnMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.150
35985610061810βɐ⁵³pignMuya343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.150
1864431006,m1136phɑ⁵⁵gø⁵³boarMuya [Minyak]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.150
18583310061147va³³pigNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.190
1864451006,m1147va³³ȵu⁵⁵boarNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.190
3844731006,bTibetan1844væ³³ (lu̵³¹su̵⁵³)year of the pignNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.460
3599531006,16191844væ³³mi³⁵sownNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.460
3599031006,m1844væ³³nphu⁵³boarnNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.460
3708681006,m1844væ³³ŋuo³¹pigsty / pen (hog)nNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.460
35984910061844væ³¹pignNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.460
3685631006,m1844væ³¹dzæ⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.460
3612941006,m1844væ³¹ȵu⁵⁵boar (wild)nNamuyi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.460
38443710061805phɑ⁵⁵year of the pignPumi (Jiulong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.100
3685261006,m1853pa¹³ʐa¹³feed (pig) / pigwashnPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.090
3612571006,m1853phʃɛ¹³ȵø⁵⁵boar (wild)nPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.090
35981210061853phʃɑ¹³pignPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.090
3599161006,16191853phʃɑ¹³ma⁵⁵sownPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.090
3598661006,m1853phʃɑ¹³po⁵⁵boarnPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.090
3708311006,m1853phʃɑ¹³tɑ̃u¹³pigsty / pen (hog)nPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.090
3599671006,m1853phʃɑ¹³tʂu⁵⁵pigletnPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.090
3600171006,m1853phʃɑ¹³ʒɛ̃¹³dung (pig)nPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.090
3844361006,m1853phɑ⁵⁵ɣu⁵⁵year of the pignPumi (Lanping)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.090
1864421006,m1306phʒɛ¹³ȵø⁵⁵boarPumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.110
18583010061306phʒɑ¹³pigPumi (Qinghua)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.110
3385210061315pjepigQiang (ChiuTzuYing)343.2Qiangic1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
5075172361,1006,341996khuà pià tshɨ̀fatty meatQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang5880
5069961764,1006,1764,10061996khú-piá ~ khù-piàlivestock [dog-pig]Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3150
5071523554,10061996pè piàsnow pigQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3940
50861110061996pià12th earthly branch (pig)Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1115 8
50707110061996piàpigQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3540
5070741006,m1996pià dòboarQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3550
5070761006,16191996pià miàsowQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3560
5075161006,34,23611996pià tshɨ̀ khuàfatty meatQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang5880
5070751006,m1996pià ɕỳboarQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3550
5071311006,m1996pià χówild pigQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3850
5075051006,341996pià-tshɨ̀meat [pig-flesh]Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang5840
5075141006,1006,m1996piá piá tshɨ̀porkQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang5870
5070311006,m1996piá ɹápigskinQiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3310
5077461006,b1996piá-iuá kùpig shed [pig-b]Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang6970
5075741006,m1996piè-tìpig slop, hogwash [pig-dinner]Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang6160
5080471006,b?1996pié tshoùpig trough {b?}Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang8430
5071532741,10061996tɕhí-piàhedgehog [thorn-pig]Qiang (Longxi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3950
6014110061318pipigQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
18585310061320pipigQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.80
35981110061852piɛpignQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.080
38443510061852piɛyear of the pignQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.080
3685251006,m1852piɛ stəfeed (pig) / pigwashnQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.080
3708301006,m1852piɛ tɕɑːʴpigsty / pen (hog)nQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.080
3612561006,m1852piɛ χuboar (wild)nQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.080
3515781006,341852piɛ◦sflesh / musclenQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0128.080
3676921006,341852piɛ◦smeatnQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0443.080
3598651006,m1852piɛ◦ɕboarnQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.080
3600161006,m1852piɛ◦χʂdung (pig)nQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.080
1864651006,m1320piɑ χuboarQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.80
1291631006,m,m1319pi◦kə stəqsnout (pig)Qiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 MawQSHK-MawoQ3.5.50
375281006,341316pi◦sfleshQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun J 86 MawoJS-Mawo0
430581006,341317pi◦smeat, fleshQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 81 QiaJZ-Qiang0
1291281006,341319pi◦sflesh / meatQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 MawQSHK-MawoQ1.110
2003371006,341320pi◦smeat / fleshQiang (Mawo)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC399.80
5067931764,1006,m,m,1764,1006,m,m1997khuè-pià-tiù-mú ~ khuè-pià-tiú-mùanimal herder [dog-pig-v-AGT]Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang2350
5104371764,1006,m1997khuè-pià-tiúput to pasture [dog-pig-m]Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang18820
50861210061997pià12th earthly branch (pig)Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang1115 9
50707210061997piàpigQiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3540
5070731006,m1997pià kéboarQiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3550
5070791006,m,m1997pià là tsúpigletQiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3570
5070771006,16191997pià miásown.Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3560
5075151006,m1997pià tshɛ̀porkQiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang5870
5077471006,m1997pià ʐépig shedQiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang6970
5071301006,m1997pià χáwild pigQiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang3850
5075081006,m1997pià-khuɛ̀bacon [pig-smoke?]Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang584.20
5075731006,m1997pià-tépig slop, hogwash [pig-dinner]Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang6160
5075041006,341997pià-tshɛ̀meat [pig-flesh]Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang5840
5080481006,m1997piá tshò̥u̥pig trough {b?}Qiang (Mianchi)343.2Qiangic1Evans 99 QiangJPE-SQiang8430
18582910061323pa³³pigQiang (Taoping)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.90
1864411006,m1323pa³³χa⁵⁵boarQiang (Taoping)343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.90
179321006,m1325pie fufatty meatQiang (Yadu)343.2Qiangic1Dai 89 QianDQ-QiangN5880
178851006,341325pie◦sfleshQiang (Yadu)343.2Qiangic1Dai 89 QianDQ-QiangN1590
179311006,341325pie◦smeatQiang (Yadu)343.2Qiangic1Dai 89 QianDQ-QiangN5840
3599201619,10061808mo¹³pha⁵⁵sownQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.130
1864691006,m1699pha⁵⁵kɯ⁵³boarQueyu (Yajiang) [Zhaba]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.160
3612611006,m1808pha⁵⁵rge⁵⁵boar (wild)nQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.130
359870m,10061808pho⁵⁵pha⁵⁵boarnQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.130
35981610061808ve¹³pignQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.130
38444010061808ve¹³year of the pignQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.130
3708351006,m,m1808ve¹³li¹³tha⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.130
3685301006,m1808ve¹³mdy⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.130
3599711006,m1808ve¹³pɕe⁵⁵pigletnQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.130
3600211006,m1808ve¹³ʒə⁵⁵dung (pig)nQueyu (Xinlong)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.130
18585710061699we⁵⁵pigQueyu (Yajiang) [Zhaba]343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.160
18585910061409bie³⁵pigXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.200
3685341006,m1812bi³³hɑo⁵³feed (pig) / pigwashnXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.170
3708391006,54021812bi³³khuɛ⁵³pigsty / pen (hog)nXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.170
3599241006,16191812bi³³mi⁵³sownXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.170
3598741006,m1812bi³³zɿ⁵³boarnXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.170
35982010061812bi³⁵pignXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.170
38444410061812bi³⁵year of the pignXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.170
1310251006,341408biɛ³³ tshɛ⁵⁵flesh / meatXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ShiQSHK-ShixQ0
2003431006,341409biɛ³³tshɛ⁵⁵meat / fleshXumi343.2Qiangic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC399.200
3612651006,m1812bi⁵⁵wu⁵⁵boar (wild)nXumi343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.170
3612621006,m1809pha³³go⁵⁵boar (wild)nZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.140
3844411006,60681809pha³³lu⁵⁵year of the pignZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.140
3600221006,5721809va³³lɪ⁵⁵dung (pig)nZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.140
3599211006,16191809va³³mi³³sownZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.140
3708361006,m1809va³³mə⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.140
3598711006,m1809va³³pi³³boarnZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.140
3685311006,m1809va³³tsi⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.140
3599721006,m1809va³³tsə⁵⁵pigletnZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.140
35981710061809va⁵⁵pignZhaba (Daofu County)343.2Qiangic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.140
359869m,10061807phu phɑboarnDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.120
3844391006,60681807phɑ luyear of the pignDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.120
3612601006,m1807phɑ rguboar (wild)nDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.120
186468m,1006557qa vaboarErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.140
35981510061807vapignDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.120
1858561006557vapigErgong (Danba)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.140
3685291006,m1807va thifeed (pig) / pigwashnDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.120
1284041006,803,1006,442560va⁵³ snə⁵³~va⁵³ m̥tɕʰe⁵³snout (pig)Ergong (Northern)353.3rGyalrongic1Sun H 91 ErNQSHK-ErgNQ3.5.50
3599701006,m1807ve zepigletnDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.120
3600201006,5721807vɛ khredung (pig)nDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.120
3708341006,m1807vɛ kopigsty / pen (hog)nDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.120
3599191006,16191807vɛ lmɛsownDaofu353.3rGyalrongic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.120
135521006,803559vɑ sneisnout (pig)Ergong (Daofu)353.3rGyalrongic1Dai 89 DaofDQ-Daofu3.5.50
33151910061797papigCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
1864671006,m1340pa rŋaboarrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.120
1306901006,m,803618pa və◦sȵisnout (pig)rGyalrong (NW)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rNWSHK-rGNWQ3.5.50
3315201006,m,m1797pa-kə́-lopig-herderCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
3320001006,16191797pá-mosownCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
3305631006,m1797pá-ngordried porkCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
3300871006,16351797pa-pʰoboar (male pig)Caodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
3315731006,341797pa-ʃeporkCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
3315221006,m,m1797pa-χtseʔ-pu ~ pa-χtsɐ-pu ~ pak-tsepigletCaodeng783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 CaoJS-Caodeng0
18585510061340pakpigrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.120
139531006,m,442606pak wu mtɕʰisnout (pig)rGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Dai 89 JiarDQ-Jiarong3.5.50
1300551006,m,803616pak wu◦ʃnasnout (pig)rGyalrong (Eastern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rEQSHK-rGEQ3.5.50
1303681006,803617pak ʃnasnout (pig)rGyalrong (Northern)783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun H 91 rNQSHK-rGNQ3.5.50
3612591006,m1806pɑ rŋɑboar (wild)nrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.110
35981410061806pɑkpignrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.110
3599181006,16191806pɑk mosownrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.110
3600191006,m1806pɑk phʃᴇdung (pig)nrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.110
3599691006,m1806pɑk tsɑpigletnrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.110
3598681006,m,m1806pɑk tɑ wɑboarnrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.110
3708331006,m1806pɑk tʂhᴇpigsty / pen (hog)nrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.110
3685281006,m1806pɑk zɐfeed (pig) / pigwashnrGyalrong (Maerkang)783.3.1rGyalrong1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.110
3291991006,m1796pag yomale pigrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag3.110
32919810061796pakpigrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag3.10
3292031006,m,m,m1796pak gyi ka fcotboarrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag3.140
3292021006,m,m1796pak ka fcotcastrated pigrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag3.130
3292011006,m,m1796pak ka rtsacastrated pigrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag3.130
3292001006,16191796pak mosowrGyalrong783.3.1rGyalrong1Nagano 97 GyQGyarong.Nag3.120
3338591006,m1799pa-rŋaʔwild pigrGBenzhen783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 rGBJS-rGBenzhe 10
33336910061799pakpigrGBenzhen783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 rGBJS-rGBenzhe0
3336101006,16191799pak-moʔsowrGBenzhen783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 rGBJS-rGBenzhe0
3333721006,m1799pak-ndzɐpig's foodrGBenzhen783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 rGBJS-rGBenzhe0
3333711006,m1799pak-tʂʰepigstyrGBenzhen783.3.1rGyalrong1Sun J 97 rGBJS-rGBenzhe0
50172210061982wɑʔpigRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang3260
5019521006,m,m1982wɑʔ am³³ phɑ³¹pig feed, pigwashRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang5380
5017231006,m1982wɑʔ lɑ⁵³boarRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang3270
5017241006,16191982wɑʔ mɑ³¹sowRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang3280
5017261006,25201982wɑʔ niʔpig dungRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang3300
5017251006,m1982wɑʔ sɛ³¹pigletRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang3290
5020101006,m1982wɑʔ tɕhɯm³¹pigsty, hogpenRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang5870
5019531006,m1982wɑʔ zɑ⁵³pig feed, pigwashRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang5380
5017541006,m1982wɑʔ ʃaŋ³¹wild boarRawang384Nungic1LaPolla 03RJL-Rawang3570
35982410061817ʔo⁵⁵pignNung384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.210
3708431006,m,m1817ʔo⁵⁵dʑɑ³¹xɑm³⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nNung384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.210
3599281006,16191817ʔo⁵⁵mɑ³¹sownNung384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.210
3598781006,m1817ʔo⁵⁵phɯ³¹boarnNung384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.210
3599791006,m1817ʔo⁵⁵tɕɛn³¹pigletnNung384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.210
3600291006,25201817ʔo⁵⁵ȵi⁵⁵dung (pig)nNung384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.210
1858711006269ʔu⁵⁵pigAnong384Nungic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.440
35982310061816wɑʔ⁵⁵pignDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.200
38444710061816wɑʔ⁵⁵year of the pignDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.200
3598771006,m1816wɑʔ⁵⁵duŋ⁵⁵boarnDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.200
3685371006,m1816wɑʔ⁵⁵dʑɑ⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.200
3599271006,16191816wɑʔ⁵⁵mɑ⁵³sownDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.200
3600281006,25201816wɑʔ⁵⁵ni⁵⁵dung (pig)nDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.200
3708421006,m,m1816wɑʔ⁵⁵pɑ³¹tɔʔ⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.200
3599781006,m1816wɑʔ⁵⁵tɕɑn⁵³pigletnDulong384Nungic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.200
1858721006537wɑ̆ʔ⁵⁵pigTrung [Dulong]384Nungic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.460
2007641006,m537wɑ⁵⁵dzɑ⁵⁵feednTrung [Dulong]384Nungic1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC407.460
601321006539waʔ⁵⁵pigTrung [Dulong] (Dulonghe)384Nungic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
601331006541waʔ⁵⁵pigTrung [Dulong] (Nujiang)384Nungic1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
2989581006540wɑ̆ʔ⁵⁵pigTrung [Dulong] (Nujiang)384Nungic1Sun H 82 DulJZ-Dulong0
2992181006,m540wɑ⁵⁵zɑ⁵⁵feedn.Trung [Dulong] (Nujiang)384Nungic1Sun H 82 DulJZ-Dulong0
1679461006146wakpig*Lolo-Burmese426.1Lolo-Burmese1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
5062251006148wakpig*Lolo-Burmese426.1Lolo-Burmese1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB163 11
287718m,1006201tsɯŋ³¹wɑ³¹boarAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
601441006203wa³¹pigAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
2877081006201wɑ³¹pigAchang (Lianghe)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
601421006206oʔ⁵⁵pigAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
35983110061824oʔ⁵⁵pignAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.280
1858441006200oʔ⁵⁵pigAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.410
38445510061824oʔ⁵⁵ (n̥ək⁵⁵)year of the pignAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.280
3708501006,54021824oʔ⁵⁵kok⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.280
3598851006,m1824oʔ⁵⁵lɔ³¹boarnAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.280
3599861006,m1824oʔ⁵⁵tsɔ³¹pigletnAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.280
3600361006,5721824oʔ⁵⁵tɕhi³¹dung (pig)nAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.280
3685451006,m1824oʔ⁵⁵tɕɔ⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.280
3599351006,m1824o⁵⁵tseŋ³⁵sownAchang (Longchuan)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.280
286893m,1006207tsəŋ⁵¹waʔ³¹boarAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
2868831006207waʔ³¹pigAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 85 AcJZJZ-Achang0
601431006208waʔ³¹pigAchang (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
35983210061825oʔ⁵⁵pignAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.290
38445610061825oʔ⁵⁵year of the pignAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.290
174791006,572209oʔ⁵⁵ kʰɯ³¹excrement (pig)Achang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 XianDQ-Xiandao3370
3685461006,m1825oʔ⁵⁵cɔ⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.290
3600371006,5721825oʔ⁵⁵khɯ³¹dung (pig)nAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.290
3708511006,36061825oʔ⁵⁵khʐam⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.290
3598861006,m1825oʔ⁵⁵lɔ³¹boarnAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.290
3599871006,m1825oʔ⁵⁵tsɔ³¹pigletnAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.290
3599361006,m1825oʔ⁵⁵tʂɯŋ⁵⁵sownAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.290
3612771006,m1825oʔ⁵⁵xau⁵⁵boar (wild)nAchang (Xiandao)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.290
35983510061829vaʔ³¹pignBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.320
3708541006,m1829vaʔ³¹khap⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.320
3600401006,5721829vaʔ³¹khji³⁵dung (pig)nBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.320
3599901006,m1829vaʔ³¹nɔ³⁵pigletnBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.320
3599391006,m1829vaʔ³¹taŋ⁵⁵sownBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.320
3685491006,m1829vaʔ³¹ta⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.320
3612801006,m1829vaʔ³¹tʃauŋ⁵⁵boar (wild)nBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.320
3598891006,m1829vaʔ³¹tʃhaʔ⁵⁵boarnBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.320
38445910061829vɔʔ³¹ (tɛ̃⁵⁵vɛʔ⁵⁵)year of the pignBola (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.320
361275m,10061823tɔ⁵⁵wɛʔ⁴boar (wild)nBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.270
35983010061823wɛʔ⁴pignBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.270
38445410061823wɛʔ⁴year of the pignBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.270
3599851006,m,m1823wɛʔ⁴kɑ⁵³le⁵⁵pigletnBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.270
3599341006,16191823wɛʔ⁴mɑ⁵³sownBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.270
3685441006,m1823wɛʔ⁴sɑ²²feed (pig) / pigwashnBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.270
3598841006,m1823wɛʔ⁴thi⁵⁵boarnBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.270
3600351006,5721823wɛʔ⁴tɕhi⁵⁵dung (pig)nBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.270
3708491006,36061823wɛʔ⁴tɕhɑ̃²²pigsty / pen (hog)nBurmese (Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.270
186481m,10061428tɔ⁵⁵wɛʔ⁴⁴boarBurmese (Spoken Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.400
18586910061428wɛʔ⁴⁴pigBurmese (Spoken Rangoon)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.400
361274m,10061822tɔ³wɑk⁴boar (wild)nBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.260
186455m,1006411tɔ³◦wɑkboarBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.390
2571241006392wakpig (domestic)Burmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Marrison 67 NagaGEM-CNL0
1344761006394wakpigBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
311291006400wakpigBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 83 TILJAM-TIL290
4373231006406wakhogBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 76 WBurPKB-WBRD0
601371006407wakpigBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
3039781006409wakpigBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC87n2560
763731006410wakswine, pigBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Coblin 86WSC-SH1170
6214431006,21022099wak-ʔuscrewn.Burmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Matisoff 03 HPTBJAM-HPTB5380
1858431006411wɑkpigBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.390
35982910061822wɑk⁴pignBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.260
38445310061822wɑk⁴year of the pignBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.260
3600341006,5721822wɑk⁴khje³dung (pig)nBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.260
3708481006,36061822wɑk⁴khrɑṁ²pigsty / pen (hog)nBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.260
3599841006,m,m1822wɑk⁴kɑ¹le³pigletnBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.260
3599331006,16191822wɑk⁴mɑ¹sownBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.260
3685431006,m1822wɑk⁴sɑɑ²feed (pig) / pigwashnBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.260
3598831006,m1822wɑk⁴thi³boarnBurmese (Written)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.260
234140p,1006,p,1006653tă◦wᴜ̀ʔ, tă◦vwᴜ̀pigHpun (Northern)446.1.1Burmish1Henderson 86 HpunEJAH-Hpun0
69443p,10061295tə◦wopigPhön446.1.1Burmish1Benedict 72 STCSTC430
35983410061828vɔʔ³¹pignLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.310
38445810061828vɔʔ³¹ (tsəŋ³¹)year of the pignLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.310
3708531006,m1828vɔʔ³¹khap⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.310
3600391006,5721828vɔʔ³¹khjik⁵⁵dung (pig)nLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.310
3598881006,m1828vɔʔ³¹lɔ³⁵boarnLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.310
3599891006,m1828vɔʔ³¹nau⁵⁵pigletnLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.310
3599381006,m1828vɔʔ³¹tsaŋ³¹sownLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.310
3685481006,m1828vɔʔ³¹tsɔ³¹feed (pig) / pigwashnLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.310
3612791006,m1828vɔʔ³¹tʃauŋ³¹boar (wild)nLangsu (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.310
154741006,471886vuʔ³¹ no̱³³snout (pig)Lashi446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LashDQ-Lashi3.5.50
35983610061830vuʔ³¹pignLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.330
38446010061830vuʔ³¹year of the pignLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.330
3600411006,5721830vuʔ³¹khjei⁵⁵dung (pig)nLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.330
3708551006,36061830vuʔ³¹khɔm³³pigsty / pen (hog)nLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.330
3598901006,m1830vuʔ³¹nu⁵⁵boarnLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.330
3599911006,m1830vuʔ³¹nu⁵⁵pigletnLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.330
3612811006,m1830vuʔ³¹ti̱⁵⁵boar (wild)nLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.330
3685501006,m1830vuʔ³¹tso³¹feed (pig) / pigwashnLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.330
3599401006,m1830vuʔ³¹tsəŋ³¹sownLeqi (Luxi)446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.330
45317410061965wɔʔpigMarma446.1.1Burmish1Huziwara 08 SakHK-Sak304-60
18584510061034vɔʔ³¹pigMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.430
152201006,4711024vɔʔ³¹ nɔ̱³¹snout (pig)Maru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Dai 89 LangDQ-Langsu3.5.50
1864571006,m1034vɔʔ³¹tʃauŋ³¹boarMaru [Langsu]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.430
35983310061827vaʔ²¹pignAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.300
18587010061693vaʔ²¹pigAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.420
3600381006,5721827vaʔ²¹khji²¹dung (pig)nAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.300
3708521006,m1827vaʔ²¹khup⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.300
3612781006,m1827vaʔ²¹te̱²¹boar (wild)nAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.300
1864821006,m1693vaʔ²¹te̱²¹boarAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.420
3685471006,m1827vaʔ²¹tsaŋ²¹feed (pig) / pigwashnAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.300
3599371006,m1827vaʔ²¹tsiŋ⁵¹sownAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.300
3599881006,m1827vaʔ²¹tso²¹pigletnAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.300
3598871006,m1827vaʔ²¹tuŋ²¹boarnAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.300
6014010061690vaʔ³¹pigAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1LaPolla 87RJL-DPTB1630
38445710061827vɔʔ²¹ (tsan⁵¹)year of the pignAtsi [Zaiwa]446.1.1Burmish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.300
114771006152wakᴸpig*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Bradley 79 PLoDB-PLolo210
1344751006153wakᴸpig*Loloish456.1.2Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
157251006,803,809958ve̱³¹ nv̩⁴⁴ gv̩³³snout (pig)Lolopho456.1.2Loloish1Dai 89 LoloDQ-Lolopho3.5.50
31154010061790wakᴸpigPNL456.1.2Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS83.0
1422701006586wa⁵³pigGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 91 TB15DHFRL0
35985010061845wa⁵³pignGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.470
3844741006,22521845wa⁵³ (kho⁵³)year of the pignGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.470
137591006,803,809584wa⁵³ na³⁵ khv̩³³snout (pig)Gazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 89 GazhDQ-Gazhuo3.5.50
3599541006,16191845wa⁵³ma³³sownGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.470
3599041006,m1845wa⁵³pa⁵⁵boarnGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.470
3685641006,m1845wa⁵³sɿ³²³feed (pig) / pigwashnGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.470
3600551006,5721845wa⁵³tshɿ³¹dung (pig)nGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.470
3708691006,54021845wa⁵³xɤ³³pigsty / pen (hog)nGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.470
3600051006,m1845wa⁵³za³¹pigletnGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.470
3612951006,m1845wa⁵³zɿ³¹boar (wild)nGazhuo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.470
292368p,1006879á-vìqpigLalo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Björverud 94SB-Lalo0
31235210061781vi̱²pigLalo466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS83.0
31255510061782ve̱²pigLipho466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS83.0
338501006972va 55c|pigLuquan466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
5363901006,10062094va̠˥ ~ pu˥pigLuquan466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Matisoff 79 QuoVJAM-Quo38n210
3385110061152va 55|pigNasu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
31275810061783va̱⁵⁵pigNasu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS83.0
31296110061791va¹³pigNeisu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS83.0
31214910061163ve̱²pigNesu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS83.0
31316410061785vo̱⁵⁵pigNosu466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS83.0
334964m,10061219de³⁵vɑ̱⁵³boarNusu (Northern)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun J 86 NusuJZ-Nusu0
361282m,10061831de⁵⁵va̱⁵³boar (wild)nNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.340
186458m,10061215de⁵⁵vɑ̱⁵⁵boarNusu (Bijiang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.450
33585710061220uɔ̱⁵³pigNusu (Southern)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun J 86 NusuJZ-Nusu0
160501006,5721218va̱³¹ kʰʴi⁵⁵excrement (pig)Nusu (Central/Zhizhiluo)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 89 NusADQ-NusuA337.0
35983710061831va̱⁵³pignNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.340
163001006,5721216va̱⁵³ kʰʴi⁵⁵excrement (pig)Nusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Dai 89 NusBDQ-NusuB337.0
3708561006,m1831va̱⁵³bɔ³³pigsty / pen (hog)nNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.340
3598911006,m1831va̱⁵³doŋ⁵⁵boarnNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.340
3685511006,m1831va̱⁵³dza⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.340
3844611006,22521831va̱⁵³khɹu̱³³year of the pignNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.340
3599411006,16191831va̱⁵³mi³¹sownNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.340
3599921006,m1831va̱⁵³za⁵⁵pigletnNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.340
3600421006,5721831va̱⁵⁵khɹi⁵⁵dung (pig)nNusu (Central)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.340
33495310061219vɑ̱³¹pigNusu (Northern)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun J 86 NusuJZ-Nusu0
18584610061215vɑ̱⁵³pigNusu (Bijiang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.450
3358686076,10061220ɹə³¹uɔ̱⁵³boarNusu (Southern)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun J 86 NusuJZ-Nusu0
18586010061658va¹³pigYi (Dafang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.220
1864721006,m1658va¹³ȵi⁵⁵boarYi (Dafang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.220
46429110061962vi⁵⁵pigYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
46432610061962vo⁵⁵pigYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643291006,m,m1962vo⁵⁵bu³³zɯ³³pigletYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643351006,m1962vo⁵⁵i³⁴po³³pig bladderYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643361006,m1962vo⁵⁵la³³boarYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643371006,16191962vo⁵⁵mo²¹sow (pig)Yi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643311006,m1962vo⁵⁵n̥i³³pork slabYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643281006,m1962vo⁵⁵pa³³pig, fattenedYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643411006,m1962vo⁵⁵si²¹liver, porkYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643401006,m1962vo⁵⁵si²¹pig, wildYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643431006,m1962vo⁵⁵tho³³pig, wholeYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643331006,m,16191962vo⁵⁵xo³³mo³⁴sow (pig), youngYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643341006,m,m1962vo⁵⁵xo³⁴thɔ³³pig, young maleYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643381006,m1962vo⁵⁵ȵi³³pig, wildYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
4643301006,28121962vo⁵⁵ɬɛ³³spleen, pig'sYi (Liangshan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Ma 08 YiSIL-Nuosuindex0
18583610061662ve̱²¹pigYi (Mile)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.250
1864481006,m1662ve̱²¹ni³³boarYi (Mile)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.250
18586210061663ve̱²¹pigYi (Mojiang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.260
1864741006,m1663ve̱²¹nɯ⁵⁵boarYi (Mojiang)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.260
35984010061834ve̱²¹pignYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.370
38446410061834ve̱²¹year of the pignYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.370
18586110061664ve̱²¹pigYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.240
3708591006,m,m1834ve̱²¹bɯ³³xi³³pigsty / pen (hog)nYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.370
3685541006,m1834ve̱²¹dzo³³feed (pig) / pigwashnYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.370
3599441006,1619,m1834ve̱²¹mo³³ge³³sownYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.370
3598941006,m1834ve̱²¹po⁵⁵boarnYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.370
3599951006,m1834ve̱²¹zo²¹pigletnYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.370
3600451006,5721834ve̱³³tɕhi²¹dung (pig)nYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.370
361285m,10061834ȵi̱⁵⁵ve̱²¹boar (wild)nYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.370
186473m,10061664ȵi⁵⁵ve̱²¹boarYi (Nanhua)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.240
185835p,10061666a⁵⁵vi̱²¹pigYi (Nanjian)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.230
186447m,10061666i̱²¹vi²¹boarYi (Nanjian)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.230
38446310061833vɪ̱²¹year of the pignYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.360
359839p,10061833ɑ⁵⁵vɪ̱²¹pignYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.360
370858p,1006,m1833ɑ⁵⁵vɪ̱²¹ by⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.360
360044p,1006,5721833ɑ⁵⁵vɪ̱²¹chi²¹dung (pig)nYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.360
368553p,1006,m1833ɑ⁵⁵vɪ̱²¹dzɑ⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.360
359943p,1006,1619,m1833ɑ⁵⁵vɪ̱²¹mɑ³³ko³³sownYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.360
359893p,1006,m1833ɑ⁵⁵vɪ̱²¹pa²¹boarnYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.360
359994p,1006,m1833ɑ⁵⁵vɪ̱²¹zɑ²¹pigletnYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.360
361284m,10061833ʔɪ̱²¹vɪ̱²¹boar (wild)nYi (Weishan)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.360
35984110061835vɑ̱⁵⁵pignYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.380
38446510061835vɑ̱⁵⁵year of the pignYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.380
3708601006,m1835vɑ̱⁵⁵bɤ¹¹pigsty / pen (hog)nYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.380
3685551006,m1835vɑ̱⁵⁵dzu¹¹feed (pig) / pigwashnYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.380
3599451006,16191835vɑ̱⁵⁵mu̱²sownYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.380
3598951006,m1835vɑ̱⁵⁵pu³³boarnYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.380
3600461006,5721835vɑ̱⁵⁵tɕhi³³dung (pig)nYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.380
3599961006,m1835vɑ̱⁵⁵zu³³pigletnYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.380
3612861006,m1835vɑ̱⁵⁵ȵɯ³³boar (wild)nYi (Wuding)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.380
35983810061832vo⁵⁵pignYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.350
38446210061832vo⁵⁵year of the pignYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.350
18583410061670vo⁵⁵pigYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.210
102161006,m1667vo⁵⁵ gu⁵⁵spay(ed) hogYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 79 YiChCSL-YIzd0
102111006,1619,m1667vo⁵⁵-mo²¹ tɕʰᴇ³³spay(ed) sowYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Chen 79 YiChCSL-YIzd0
3599931006,m,m1832vo⁵⁵bu³³zɯ³³pigletnYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.350
3599421006,16191832vo⁵⁵mo²¹sownYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.350
3598921006,m1832vo⁵⁵pɑ³³boarnYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.350
3600431006,5721832vo⁵⁵tɕhɿ³³dung (pig)nYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.350
3708571006,54021832vo⁵⁵xo³³pigsty / pen (hog)nYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.350
3612831006,m1832vo⁵⁵ȵi³³boar (wild)nYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.350
1864461006,m 1670vo⁵⁵ȵi³³boarYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.210
1841001006,10161670vo⁵⁵ɬɯ²¹June (pig month)Yi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC81.210
3685521006,m1832vɑ⁵⁵dzɑ³³feed (pig) / pigwashnYi (Xide)466.1.2.1Northern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.350
31194610061780ve̱²pigAhi476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS83.0
338431006214vie 44s|pigAhi476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
3685611006,m1842va³³tsɔ⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.440
1858661006,m696va⁴⁴ni⁴⁴pigJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.340
1864781006,m696va⁴⁴thɯ³¹boarJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.340
35984710061842va⁵⁵pignJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.440
143021006,m,p,34698va⁵⁵ ni⁵⁵ a⁴⁴ ʃɔ⁴⁴porkJinuo (Baya/Banai)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 89 JinADQ-JinA5870
3600521006,5721842va⁵⁵khri⁴⁴dung (pig)nJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.440
3599511006,16191842va⁵⁵mɔ³³sownJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.440
3599011006,m1842va⁵⁵phe⁵⁵boarnJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.440
3708661006,m1842va⁵⁵pə⁴⁴pigsty / pen (hog)nJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.440
3612921006,m1842va⁵⁵thə³¹boar (wild)nJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.440
3600021006,m1842va⁵⁵zɔ⁴⁴pigletnJinuo476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.440
3018341006699vɑ⁵⁵pignJinuo (Buyuan)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
3007911006700vɑ⁵⁵pigJinuo (Youle)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
3008031006,m700vɑ⁵⁵thɤ³³boarJinuo (Youle)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Gai 86JZ-Jinuo0
47666110061969va31pigKucong476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 09 KucongDC-Kucong0
4766721006,m1969va31 ti35wild boarKucong476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Dai 09 KucongDC-Kucong0
35984610061841vɑ²¹pignLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.430
38447010061841vɑ²¹year of the pignLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.430
3708651006,54021841vɑ²¹khɔ⁵⁴pigsty / pen (hog)nLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.430
3599501006,1619,m1841vɑ²¹mɑ³³qu³³sownLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.430
3599001006,m1841vɑ²¹pɑ¹¹boarnLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.430
3600511006,5721841vɑ²¹qhɛ⁵³dung (pig)nLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.430
3685601006,m1841vɑ²¹ɔ¹¹feed (pig) / pigwashnLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.430
3600011006,m1841vɑ²¹ɛ³⁵pigletnLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.430
3612915544,10061841xɛ³³vɑ²¹boar (wild)nLahu (Lancang)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.430
5292765544,1006,5544,1006831hɛ-vàʔ ~ hɛ́-vàʔwild boarnLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 88 DLJAM-DL10850
314031006838vàʔpigLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 74 TJLBJAM-TJLB3740
338411006839vàʔpigLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
3114361006,642831vàʔ-šɔ̄uncastrated boarLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 88 DLJAM-DL12250
1858401006851vᴀ²¹pigLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.330
1864525544,1006851xɛ³³vᴀ²¹boarLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.330
174692p,1006831ɔ̀-vɛ̀ʔscrewvLahu (Black)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 88 DLJAM-DL0
3020251006856va⁵pigLahu (Yellow)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chang 86JZ-Lahu0
3020031006856va⁵zodiac year (Pig)Lahu (Yellow)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chang 86JZ-Lahu0
3020355544,1006856xɛ¹va⁵boarLahu (Yellow)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chang 86JZ-Lahu0
302284m,1006,m856ɔ⁵~va⁵ɔ⁵feed (for pig)n.Lahu (Yellow)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chang 86JZ-Lahu0
33847p,1006930á2-vá6pigLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
286024p,1006943á²-vá⁶pigLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
285528p,1006943a¹-vá⁶hog / pigLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
286057p,1006,34943a¹-vá⁶-hwa⁵porkLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
286413p,1006,1619943a¹-vá⁶-ma³sow (female pig)Lisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
286025p,1006,m943á¹-vá⁶-ti¹pig, wildLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
284856p,1006,m943a¹-vá⁶-ti¹boar (wild)Lisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Fraser 22JF-HLL0
272079p,6026,p,1006946a⁵⁵na²¹ a⁵⁵væʔ²¹dog-pig (a curse)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
272158p,1006946a⁵⁵væʔ²¹pig; cf. væʔ²¹NLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
272160p,1006,m946a⁵⁵væʔ²¹ my³³pig bristleLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
277526p,1006,m,m946a⁵⁵væʔ²¹ thi²¹ ma³³pignLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
272162p,1006,m946a⁵⁵væʔ²¹dza⁴⁴pig feed; swillLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
272159p,1006,m946a⁵⁵væʔ²¹khɤ³³pig-styLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
272161p,1006,m946a⁵⁵væʔ²¹za²¹pigletLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812341006946væʔ²¹pigNLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2776041006,m,m946væʔ²¹ ma³³ti³³big sowLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812421006,572946væʔ²¹khi²¹pig fecesLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812431006,2252946væʔ²¹khɔʔ²¹year of pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812441006,m,m946væʔ²¹khɔʔ²¹mɤ²¹domesticated pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812451006,2252,m946væʔ²¹khɔʔ²¹su³³born in the year of pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812381006,m946væʔ²¹kɔ⁵⁵wild boarLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812461006,1619946væʔ²¹ma³³sowLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812471006,1619,m946væʔ²¹ma³³lø³³sow (which has not yet reproduced)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812491006,1619,m946væʔ²¹ma³³my⁵⁵old sowLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812481006,1619,m946væʔ²¹ma³³mɤ⁴⁴sow (those which do not reproduce)Lisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812511006,m946væʔ²¹ni³³day of pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812501006,2483946væʔ²¹næ³³black pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2723771006,m946væʔ²¹pa⁵⁵boarLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812351006,1634946væʔ²¹pa⁵⁵boar; fat pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812361006,m,m946væʔ²¹pa⁵⁵ti⁵⁵big boarLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812521006,1235946væʔ²¹phu³³white pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812371006,m946væʔ²¹ti⁵⁵wild boarLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812401006,m946væʔ²¹tɕe³³pig pancreasLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2829481006,m944væʔ²¹tɕø³³thin pigLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2829491006,m,1006,m,m944væʔ²¹tɕø³³ væʔ²¹la⁵⁵gɔ³⁵thin pigLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812391006,m946væʔ²¹tɕɤ³³thin pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812411006,m,1006,m,m946væʔ²¹tɕɤ³³ væʔ²¹la⁵⁵gɔ³⁵thin pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2829501006,85944væʔ²¹ɲi³³day of pigLisu (Central)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812541006,m946væʔ²¹ʃɿ³⁵ʃɿ³³grey pigLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
2812531006,m946væʔ²¹ʃɿ⁵⁵boar kept for breedingLisu (Northern)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Bradley 94 LisuDB-Lisu0
38446710061838vɛ̱³¹year of the pignLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.400
1864491006,m942vɛ⁴¹ti⁵⁵boarLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.270
185837p,1006942ɑ⁵⁵vɛ⁴¹pigLisu476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.270
3384410061368ve 22s|pigSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
31174310061786ve²pigSani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Chen 86 CSCK-CS83.0
35984210061836ve²pignYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.390
38446610061836ve²year of the pignYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.390
3708611006,m1836ve²bɤ³³pigsty / pen (hog)nYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.390
3685561006,m1836ve²dzɒ¹¹feed (pig) / pigwashnYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.390
3599461006,16191836ve²mɒ³³sownYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.390
3598961006,m1836ve²pɒ⁵⁵boarnYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.390
3599971006,m1836ve²zɒ¹¹pigletnYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.390
171331006,m,b1366ve²¹ xɯ³³ tɤ⁵⁵castrate (pig)Sani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Wu 84WAH-Sani53.10
3612871006,m1836ve²ȵu³³boar (wild)nYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.390
3600471006,m1836ve²ɬz̩¹¹dung (pig)nYi (Sani)476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.390
168731006,m1365ve̱²² xɯ⁵⁵pig's kidneySani [Nyi]476.1.2.2Central Loloish1Ma 89 SanQMXL-SaniQ313.20
137451p,1006244à ɣàqpigAkha (Yunnan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
33842p,1006234a-za |L-|LSpigAkha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
137450p,1006243à◦zàqpigAkha (Thai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
1344771006228zàqpigAkha486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
1356301006,m243zàq thèwild boarAkha (Thai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL1840
1356311006,m244ɣà thèwild boarAkha (Yunnan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL1840
142165m,m,1006346tsɔ̀ŋ◦kɔ̀◦wàwild boarBisu486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Bradley 9x BisuDB-Bisu0
1420881006346pigBisu486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Bradley 9x BisuDB-Bisu0
338481006341pigBisu486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
137453p,1006633a ɣàqpigHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
185839p,1006510a³¹ɣa̱³¹pigHani (Dazhai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.310
338461006631ɣa 21c|pigHani (Hu T’an)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
1356331006,m633ɣa thèwild boarHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL1840
1864511006,m510ɣa̱³¹the³¹boarHani (Dazhai)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.310
338451006632βa 21|pigHani (Kao Hua-Nien)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
359844p,10061839a³¹ɣa̱³¹pignHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.410
3685581006,m1839ɣa̱³³dza⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.410
38446810061839ɣa̱³¹year of the pignHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.410
3708631006,54021839ɣa̱³¹ku̱³³pigsty / pen (hog)nHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.410
3599481006,16191839ɣa̱³¹ma³³sownHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.410
3598981006,m1839ɣa̱³¹pha³¹boarnHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.410
3612891006,m1839ɣa̱³¹the³¹boar (wild)nHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.410
3599991006,m1839ɣa̱³¹za³¹pigletnHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.410
3600491006,5721839ɣa̱³¹ɕi³¹dung (pig)nHani (Lüchun)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.410
13745510061299pigHani (Pijo)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
1356351006,m1299và thỳwild boarHani (Pijo)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL1840
1858641006418va̱³¹pigHani (Caiyuan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.300
1864761006,m418va̱³¹thɤ³¹boarHani (Caiyuan)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.300
299928p,1006630a³¹ja̱³¹pigHani (Gelanghe)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Li Yongsui 86 HaniJZ-Hani0
2999401006,m630ja̱³¹the³¹boarHani (Gelanghe)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Li Yongsui 86 HaniJZ-Hani0
185865p,10061416a³¹ja³¹pigHani (Shuikui)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.320
137452p,1006635a◦qhhavqpigHani (Wordlist)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
1864771006,m1416ja³¹thi³¹boarHani (Shuikui)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.320
1374541006784pigHani (Khatu)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
1356341006,m784wà thỳwild boarHani (Khatu)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL1840
359845p,10061840a³¹ja³¹pignHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.420
38446910061840ja³¹year of the pignHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.420
3599491006,16191840ja³¹mɔ³³sownHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.420
3598991006,m1840ja³¹phɔ³¹boarnHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.420
3612901006,m1840ja³¹thi³¹boar (wild)nHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.420
3685591006,m1840ja³¹tsɔ⁵⁵feed (pig) / pigwashnHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.420
3600501006,5721840ja³¹tɕhi³¹dung (pig)nHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.420
3600001006,m1840ja³¹zɔ³¹pigletnHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.420
3708641006,m1840ja³¹ʒu⁵⁵pigsty / pen (hog)nHani (Mojiang)486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.420
13448110061115wa²pigMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Hansson 89 AHKPILH-PL4790
43511310061120wa²pigMpi486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Srinuan 76SD-MPD0
1274631006,453,m,m1290va³¹ ban³¹ põ ãflə⁵⁵snout (pig)Côông [Phunoi]486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Ferlus 91MF-PhnQ3.5.50
45849810061961wa31pigPyen486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Shintani 09 PyenST-PL0230080
4585681006,341961wa31 sa31porkPyen486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Shintani 09 PyenST-PL0420090
45906710061968wa̰21pigSila486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Kato 08 LaoKT-LPDR1080
3384910061635ma 33|pigWoni486.1.2.3Southern Loloish1Matisoff 72 LTSRJAM-TSR1680
5165381006,m,m,m,m,m1999wɤ˧mi˧tsv˧tʰie˥dy˥ hĩ˥fat part above the pig's tailLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze18010
5165391006,m1999wɤ˧ɬu˥meat of the pig's body, with bonesLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze18030
51757110061999wɤ˩pigLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze137780
5165621006,m1999wɤ˩dze˩pig feed, swillLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze18530
5168281006,22521999wɤ˩kʰv˩year of the pigLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze116510
5175721006,16191999wɤ˩mie˩sown.Laze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze137800
5175731006,m1999wɤ˩sy˩boarLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze137810
5175751006,m1999wɤ˩ʈɯ˩wild boarLaze (Xiangjiao)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze137860
5126051006,m,m1998bu˩bi˧mi˧meat of the pig's bellyNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126061006,m1998bu˩bv˧˩pigsty, pigpenNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126071006,m,m1998bu˩hɑ˥pig feed, swillNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126091006,22521998bu˩kʰv˧˥year of the pigNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126081006,m1998bu˩kʰɯ˧dried meat preserved in the skin of the pig's footNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126131006,16191998bu˩mi˧sowNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126121006,1288,2191998bu˩mæ˧qv˩pig's tailNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126151006,m1998bu˩mɤ˧˩lardNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126161006,m1998bu˩pʰv˧boarNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126191006,m1998bu˩tv˥wild boarNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126201006,m1998bu˩ɯ˧pigskin, hogskinNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126171006,m1998bu˩ʈʂʰæ˧˩boneless, fleshless preserved porkNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126111006,m1998bu˩ɬo˧˩pork ribsNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
5126101006,m1998bu˩ɬɑ˧boarNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
51260210061998bu˩˧pigNa (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Michaud 06 NaLazeAM-NaLaze10
35984810061843bu²¹pignNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.450
38447210061843bu²¹year of the pignNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.450
3599521006,16191843bu²¹me³³sownNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.450
3599021006,m1843bu²¹phv̩³³boarnNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.450
3612931006,m1843bu²¹tɕi³³boar (wild)nNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.450
3685621006,m1843bu²¹xɑ³³feed (pig) / pigwashnNaxi436.2Naxi1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.450
1858631006908bu³¹pigNaxi (Lijiang)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.280
1864751006,m908bu³¹tɕi³³boarNaxi (Lijiang)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.280
2007551006,m908bu³¹xɑ³³feednNaxi (Lijiang)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC407.280
2007301006,m1676bu³¹xɑ³³feednNaxi (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC407.290
18583810061676bu¹³pigNaxi (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.290
1864501006,m1676bv³¹tv³³boarNaxi (Yongning)436.2Naxi1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.290
1682741006122tháuʔpigcf. DOG*Karen507Karenic1Jones 61RBJ-KLS850
52975110062039thoɁ²pig*Karen [Burling]507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
52949810062038thɔɁᴰpig*Karen507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
5293071006,24532038thɔɁᴰ◦miᴬboar (wild~)*Karen507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
30444710061736thɔʔpig*Karen507Karenic1Benedict 72 STCSTC133n3650
1667771006,m413thɔ θómɛ̀boar's tusknBwe507Karenic1Henderson 97 KarEJAH-BKD0
53110910062044thɔ³³pigBwe507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
35985310061849tho̱⁵⁵pignKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.500
38447710061849tho̱⁵⁵year of the pignKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.500
3612981006,m1849tho̱⁵⁵di³¹boar (wild)nKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.500
3600581006,5761849tho̱⁵⁵e³¹dung (pig)nKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.500
3599571006,16191849tho̱⁵⁵mo³¹sownKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.500
3599071006,m1849tho̱⁵⁵pha⁵⁵boarnKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.500
3600081006,m1849tho̱⁵⁵pho⁵⁵pigletnKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.500
3685671006,m1849tho⁵⁵tsha³¹feed (pig) / pigwashnKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.500
3708721006,m,m1849thɔ³¹a³¹lɔ³¹pigsty / pen (hog)nKaren507Karenic1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.500
53084710062043thɛ⁵⁵pigKayah507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
5306761006,24532043thɛ⁵⁵ mi¹¹boar (wild~)Kayah507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
53054610062042thauɁ⁴⁵pigKayan507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
5303821006,24532042thauɁ⁴⁵ mi³³boar (wild~)Kayan507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
49901510061981tʰàupigNKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
4990251006,m1981tʰàu◦myə̤̀ɨwild pig [lit. pig-grass]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan 12
4990261006,m1981tʰàu◦sʰɨ́rhinoceros [lit. pig-water]NKayan (Pekon)507Karenic1Manson 10 KayanKM-Kayan0
53139610062045tho³³pigKayaw507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
5312181006,24532045tho³³ mi³³boar (wild~)Kayaw507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
52999310062040thɔɁ²¹pigPa-O (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
53026010062041thɔɁ²¹pigPa-O (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
5298391006,24532040thɔɁ²¹ mi³³boar (wild~)Pa-O (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
5301141006,24532041thɔɁ²¹ mi⁵³boar (wild~)Pa-O (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
30742710061235thɔ́ʔpigPa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO0
3108151006,m1235thɔ́ʔ cwɛ́tusk of pig (2)Pa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO0
3102491006,5861235thɔ́ʔ khɔ̀kskin of pig, pig hidePa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO 13
3074261006,24531235thɔ́ʔ mīboar, wildPa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO0
3074281006,24531235thɔ́ʔ mī 'wild boar'wild? in cpdPa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO0
3108141006,m,11871235thɔ́ʔ tə◦mɛ́ttusk of pigPa-O507Karenic1Solnit 89 PaODBS-PaO0
53230510062048thoɁ⁴⁵pigPwo (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
5321441006,24532048thoɁ⁴⁵ mei⁵⁵boar (wild~)Pwo (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
53259110062049thuɁ²¹pigPwo (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
5324251006,24532049thuɁ²¹◦mei³¹¨boar (wild~)Pwo (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
53201210062047thɔɁ²¹pigSgaw (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
5318451006,24532047thɔɁ²¹ mi³³boar (wild~)Sgaw (Southern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
53170810062046thɔɁ⁴⁵pigSgaw (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK2180
5315331006,24532046thɔɁ⁴⁵ mi³³boar (wild~)Sgaw (Northern)507Karenic1Luangthongkum 13TL-PK270
1858421006311te⁴²pigBai (Bijiang)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.370
1864541006,m311te⁴²ɕɑ̃⁵⁵boarBai (Bijiang)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.370
186453m,1006314jeʴ³¹te⁴²boarBai (Dali)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.350
1858411006314te⁴²pigBai (Dali)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.350
2007331006,m314te⁴²tsi⁴⁴feednBai (Dali)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC407.350
32628510061793tɛ 8porkBai (Dali)518Bai1Dell 81Dell-Bai5300
3262861006,b1793tɛ ka 86liver (pork)Bai (Dali)518Bai1Dell 81Dell-Bai5310
3262871006,m1793tɛ koe 87meat (pork)Bai (Dali)518Bai1Dell 81Dell-Bai5320
3262881006,m1793tɛ tsɛ 88tongue (pork)Bai (Dali)518Bai1Dell 81Dell-Bai5330
3262901006,m1793tɛ ue 8 3/4pigstyBai (Dali)518Bai1Dell 81Dell-Bai5350
3978391006,m,m1846(te̱²¹tiə⁴²) fa̱³³fat (pig)Bai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL1025.480
35985110061846te̱²¹pignBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0284.480
38447510061846te̱²¹year of the pignBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0766.480
3599551006,16191846te̱²¹mo³³sownBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0286.480
3599051006,m1846te̱²¹po⁵⁵boarnBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0285.480
3685651006,m1846te̱²¹tsa̱³³feed (pig) / pigwashnBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0459.480
3600061006,m,m,m1846te̱²¹tsɿ³³te̱²¹ɲə³³pigletnBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0287.480
3600561006,5721846te̱²¹tɕhi⁵⁵dung (pig)nBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0288.480
3708701006,54021846te̱²¹ɣu²¹pigsty / pen (hog)nBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0504.480
3612961006,m1846te̱²¹ɕã⁵⁵boar (wild)nBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Huang and Dai 92 TBLTBL0312.480
1858671006317te⁴²pigBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC115.360
186479m,1006317tso⁴²te⁴²boarBai (Jianchuan)518Bai1Sun H 91 ZMYYZMYYC127.360
201811006480pɑ̊/pɑsow / pigChinese (Old/Mid)539.0.1Old Chinese0Chou 72ACST39d0
3283551006481pɑ̊/pɑsow / pigChinese (Old/Mid)539.0.1Old Chinese0Karlgren 57 GSRGSR39d0
772921006478pragpigChinese (Old)539.0.1Old Chinese0Coblin 86WSC-SH1170
772931006468pasow, pigChinese (Middle)549.0.2Middle Chinese0Coblin 86WSC-SH1170

Chinese comparandum

豝 OC *pɑ̊, GSR #39d ‘sow, pig’; Coblin 86:117 ST *pr̵wag > OC *prag; B & S 2011: *pˁra; Mand. .

Comment: Cf. STC, p. 189, note 488.


^ 1.
These Karenic forms reflect a secondary dental prefix (cf. the anomalous Karenic forms for #1764 PTB *d‑kʷəy‑n DOG).
^ 2.
The second element in the Karenic word for WILD BOAR is from #2453 PTB *m‑l(e/ə)y EARTH / COUNTRY / GROUND / MUD / SOIL.
^ 3.
The initial dentals in these Baic forms are similar to the first element in Tamangic and Karenic, suggesting a prefixal dental, something like *d-wak.
^ 4.
Lotha ‑roʔ means ‘small’, so this is actually ‘piglet’.
^ 5.
The apparently strange Angami initial r‑ seems to have developed from an earlier labiodental w‑ or v‑ (cf. Chokri thü‑vo).
^ 6.
It is difficult to say whether Bodic forms like Tsangla phak are truly cognate to Tibetan phag, or rather loans from it.
^ 7.
This form with initial b‑ might be a loan from Tibetan, since all the other Tamangic forms have dental or retroflex initials.
^ 8.
[Source note] calque (Evans 1999).
^ 9.
[Source note] calque (Evans 1999).
^ 10.
rGBenzhen ‑rŋaʔ possibly cognate to #4847 PKC *ŋal*hŋal BOAR / PIG (wild).
^ 11.
[Source note] [TSR 168] (LaPolla 1987).
^ 12.
Kayan myə̤̀ɨ most likely ‘forest’, not ‘grass’, as the author recognizes it in tʰwî myà̤ ‘wild dog’ and sʰə́ɨ myə̤̀ɨ ‘wild chicken’.
^ 13.
Pa-O khɔ̀k likely a borrowing from Burmese khauk ‘skin’. Pa-O has glottal stop as the regular reflex of all proto-Karen final stops. Pa-O final oral stops occur largely (though not entirely) in loans from Shan and Burmese.